MJM Iqbal"s Articles

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Issue date : 5/6/2004 mwptpay; GJik

Ke;ija ,jo;fs;

nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk; (12/6/04)

gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; (19/6/04)

 

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'GS^j;" njhopy; El;gk;

gue;J tpupe;J fplf;Fk; mwptpay; Jiwapy; ehs;NjhWk; Gjpa Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;Gfs; muq;Nfwp tUfpd;wd. etPd fz;Lgpbg;Gfspy; kf;fis ngupJk; ftu;e;jJ 'nry;Nghd;". midj;J jug;G kf;fisAk; ftu;e;jNjhL kl;Lkpd;wp jfty; njhlu;G Jiwapy; Gul;rpiaAk; kWkyu;r;rpiaAk; Vw;gLj;jp tUfpd;wd nry;Nghd;fs;. jfty; njhlu;G Jiwapy; Vw;gl;Ls;s etPd njhopy;El;gq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ 'GSh ^j;" kw;Wk; 3[p (%d;whtJ jiyKiw) njhopy; El;gk; Nghd;witahFk;. ,J njhlu;ghd jfty;fs; ,e;j ,jopy; ,lk; ngWfpwJ.

taupy;yhky; ,izg;ig Vw;gLj;Jk; Gjpa njhopy;El;gk; ''GSh ^j;" vd;wiof;fg;gLfpwJ. ,it ,yf;fKiw rhjdq;fSf;F (
Digital Device) taupd; Njit ,y;yhky; ,izg;ig Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. kpff; Fiwe;j nryT> rpWJ}u NubNah miy ,izg;G Mfpatw;why; GSh^j; njhopy;El;gk; gyuf ,yf;fKiw rhjdq;fis xU tau; $l ,y;yhky; ,izg;ig Vw;gLj;Jk; ty;yik gilj;jJ. ,jd;%yk; ,r;rhjdq;fSf;F Rw;wpj;jpupAk; Rje;jpuj;ij toq;fpapUf;fpwJ.

GSh^j; njhopy; El;gk; nfhz;l ,uz;L ,yf;fKiw rhjdq;fis 10 kPl;lu; njhiy J}uk; tiu taupy;yhky; ,izg;ig Vw;gLj;j KbAk;. NubNah miy ,izg;ig mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l ,jd; njhopy;El;gk; taupy;yhky; ,izg;G Vw;gLj;Jk; tha;g;ig toq;Ffpd;wJ. ,j; njhopy;El;gk; nfhz;l kbf; fzpdp (
Laptop) mLj;j miwapy; cs;s mr;Rg;nghwpf;F taupy;yh ky; jfty; mDg;g KbAk; my;yJ nry;Nghd;fs; %yk; cq;fs; tPl;L vr;rupf;if Kiwia (Alarm System) fl;Lg;gLj;j KbAk;. cyfk; KOtJk; fpilf;fg; ngWk; miytupirahd 2.4vVb.y; ,aq;Fk; jd;ik nfhz;lJ. ,jd; nray;ghl;il NkYk; vspikahf;FfpwJ. GSh^j; njhopy;El;gj;jpy; taupy;yhky; ,izg;G Vw;gLj;Jk; Kiw cyfnkq;Fk; kbf; fzpdp> nry;Nghd;fs;> mr;Rg; nghwp> JyhT ,ae;jpuk;> ,yf;f Kiw Gifg;glf; fUtp (Digital Camera) kw;Wk; tPl;L cgNahf rhjdq;fspYk; gad;gLj;jj; jpl;lkplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

cyfpy; taupy;yhky; ,aq;fj; Njitahd tpjpKiwfshy; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;l ,e;j GSh^j; njhopy;El;gk; tpiutpy; gy Nfhbf;fzf;fhd nry;Nghd;fs;> jdpahs; fzpdp (
Personal Computer)> kbf;fzpdp (Laptop) kw;Wk; gytpjkhd kpd;dZ rhjdq;fspy; xU mq;fkhfNt tyk; tu ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,jd;%yk; kpd;dZ rhjdq;fspd; tuyhw;wpy; xU Gjpa Njit Vw;gl;L Gjpa Neu;j;jpahd tbtikg;Gfspy; cyf re;ijapy; tyk; tu ,Uf;fpwJ.

GSh^j; njhopy; El;gk; taupy;yhky; ,izg;G Vw;gLj;Jk; nray; tbtj;jpd; vy;iyia NtuWj;jpUf;fpwJ. NkYk; cyfk; KOtJk; fpilf;fg;ngWk; NubNah miytupirapy; ,aq;Fk; ,j;njhopy;El;gk; NkYk; gpufhrkhfp ,izg;gpd; Ntfj;ij gd;klq;fhf;fpAk; ek;gfj;jd;ik kpFe;jjhfTk; tpsq;FfpwJ. ,jd; nray;jpwd; ,jw;F Ke;ija ve;j njhopy;El;gKk; ,t;tsT tpiuthf Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sg;gltpy;iy vd;gij ntl;l ntspr;rkhfpwJ.
 

GSh^j; njhopy;El;gk; nkd;NkYk; gutp gy cw;gj;jpahsu;fs; gad;gLj;j Muk;gpj;J tpl;lhu;fs;. ,jd; KO jpwDk; cgNahfg; gLj;jg;gl;Ltpl;lhy; gytpjkhd nld;\d;fis> ftiyfis ,J Fiwf;fg;NghfpwJ vd;gJ cz;ik! tUk; fhyq;fspy; ehk; md;whl tho;f;ifapy; vd; ndd;d khw;wq;fis ,J Vw;gLj;jg; NghfpwJ vd;gijg; ghu;g;Nghkh!

* NgUe;Jfspy; Eioe;jTld; gazf; fl;lzj;ij cq;fs; nry;Nghd;fs; %yk; cldbahf nrYj;jg;gl;LtpLk;.

* cq;fs; Foe;ijfs; gj;jpukhf gs;sp Kbe;J tPl;bw;F te;J tpl;lhu;fs; vd;w jfty; jhdhf te;J NrUk;.

* ePq;fs; tpkhd epiyaj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;nghOJ md;iwa Rq;f tup ,y;yhj nghUs;fs; (Duty Free Items) tpw;gid ikaj;jpypUe;J rYif mspf;fg;gLk; nghUl;fspd; gl;bay; cq;fs; nry;Nghd; fSf;F mDg;gg;gLk;.

* cq;fspd; nghOJNghf;fpw;fhf cq;fs; ez;gUld; gy;Clf tpisahl;L (Multi Media Games) tpisahlyhk;.

* kbf;fzpdp %yk; mDg;g cs;s kpd; mQ;ry; midj;ijAk; cq;fs; nry;Nghd;fs; mDg;gptpLk;.

* cq;fs; nry;Nghid gad;gLj;jp cq;fs; fhu; fjtpd; G+l;L kw;Wk; vr;rupf;if Kiwfis fl;Lg;gLj;j KbAk;. kw;Wk; cq;fsJ nry;Nghid fhu; ];BupNahtpy; ,izf;f KbAk;. ,jdhy; fhu; Xl;Lk;NghJ ePq;fs; `hahf Ngryhk; (Nghid vLf;fhky;)

njhiyj;njhlu;G Jiw njhopyfq;fspd; rPupa Kaw;rpahy;> fk;gpapy;yh gaD}W tpjpKiwfs; (
Wireless Application Protocol - WAP) my;yJ rpk;gpad; kw;Wk; GSh^j; njhopy;El;gk; Nghd;wit ekJ md;whl tho;f;if Kiwapy; kpfg; ngupa khWjy;fis nfhz;Ltu ,Uf;fpd;wd. nry;Nghd; njhiyj; njhlu;G cyfpy; cs;s njhopy; El;gq;fspy; GSh^j; njhopy;El; gk; kpfTk; cd;djkhf tpsq;FfpwJ. ,j;njhopy;El;gj;jpd; %yk; tPL> mYtyfk; kw;Wk; ntspAy fj;jpw;F ,ilNaahd J}uj;ij kpfTk; Fiwj;J Vd; ,il ntspNa ,y;yhky; Mf;fg;Nghtjw;fhd tha;g;G kpf mUfpy; cs;sJ.

xt;nthU ehSk; xt;nthU epkplKk; tsu;e;J tUk; nry; Nghd; re;ijapy; fhyb itj;j
WAP Nrit xU Gjpa gupkhzj;ij Vw;gLj;jpaJ. ,jd;%yk; thbf;ifahsu;fs; jd; ifr;rhjdk; (Handset) %yk; tiyj;jsj;ij (Internet) myryhk;.

%d;whtJ re;jjp njhopy;El;gk; -
3G (Third Generation Technology):-

mLj;j xU mjprajf;f khw;wk; Vw;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. ,J jhd; %d;whtJ re;jjp njhopy;El;gk;
(Third Generation Technology) RUf;fkhf 3G vd;wiof;fg;gLfpwJ. nry;Nghd; re;jjpapd; mLj;j re;jjpahd ,e;j (0) nry;Nghd; cyfpy; xU Gul;rpia Vw;gLj;jtpUf;fpd;wJ.

3G tiyaikg;Gf;F (Network) Kd;djhf 2.5G vd;wiof;fg;gLk; Gjpa nghJ kf;fs; NubNah Nrit (General Pocket Radio Service - GPRS) gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. ,e;jg;Gjpa GPRS rhjdq;fs; cyfnkq;Fk; fpilf;fg;ngw;W tsu;e;J tUfpwJ.

vlje-d; Nritfs; gpd;tUkhW:-

;

* Cu;jp tiyj;jsq;fis (Mobile Internet) Jupjkhf mZf itj;jy;.

* fl;lzj; jfty; mDg;Gtjw;Fk; ngWtjw;Fk; trjp

* fpilf;fg; ngWk; jfty;fis fl;lzk; ,y;yhky; ghu;f;Fk; trjp

* fl;lzk; ,y;yhky; jfty; Nfhu;f;Fk; (kpd;dQ;ry; mDg;Gk; NghJ) trjp

* ,iza jsj;jpy; ,izg;G ,Uf;Fk;nghOJ tUk; tha;nkhop miog;Gfis (Voice Call) Vw;W gpd; ,j;jftiy mioj;jtUf;F mDg;Gk; trjp

GPRS gf;fw; KLf;F njhopy; El;gk; (Pocket Switching Technology) Kiwia gad;gLj;jp jfty;mDg;gg;gLfpwJ. rpWJupjg; gpupg;G epuTfshf (Short Burst of data) cs;s jfty;fs; IP tiyaikg;G %ykhf miygug;gg;gLfpwJ. GPRS FWfpa Neuj;jpy; jfty;fis mikj;Jf; nfhz;L kpf tpiuthf miygug;G nra;fpwJ.

WAP Nritapy; GPRS rpwe;J tpsq;FfpwJ. ,jpy; GPRS NubNah jfty; gupkhw;wj;jpd; NghJkl;Lk; Njitg;gLfpwJ. ,jdhy; jfty;fis ,wf;fk; (Download) nra;Ak;NghJ kl;Lk; Vw;gLk; Neuj;jpw;Fupa gzk; kl;Lk; t#ypf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,jdhy; nry;Nghd; epWtdj;jpw;Fk;> thbf;ifahsu;fSf;Fk; Vw;gLk; gzr;nryit Fiwj;jpUf;fpwJ.

GPRS-y; cs;s nry;Nghd;fspd; Nritfs; GSM Nghd;fis tpl kpf Jupjkhf eilngWfpd;wd. GPRS-y; epuT nray;tPjk; mjpfkhf ,Ug;gjhy; jfty; ngWtJk; kw;Wk; juTj;jsk; (Database) mZFtJ NtfkhfTk; mNj rkak; mjpfkhf gad;gLj;j$ba rTfupaKk; ,Uf;fpwJ.

GRPS cjtpAld; juT tiyaikg;G (Data Network) cq;fspd; thbf;ifahd jfty;fs; kw;Wk; nghOJNghf;F Nritfs; Nghd;witfSf;F njhlu;e;J ,izg;G ngwyhk;. ePq;fs; ,izajsk; kw;Wk; kpd; mQ;rypy; njhlu;e;J gjpifapy; (Log) ,Uf;fyhk;. vt;tsT Neuk; ,izg;Gg; ngw;wpUf;fpNwhk; vd;W ftiyg;glj; Njitapy;iy. vg;nghOJ tpUk;Gfpwhu;fNsh mg;nghOJ ,aq;f itj;J jfty;fis ,wf;fk; nra;J nfhs;syhk;.

fk;gpapy;yh gaD}W tpjpKiwfs; (
Wireless Application Protocol - WAP):-

,g;nghOnjy;yhk; nry;Nghd;fs; njhiyNgrp miog;GfSf;F kl;Lk; vd;wpy;yhky; gytpj fhupaq;fSf;F cfe;jjhf tpsq;FfpwJ. ,d;W cs;s gy nry;Nghd;fs; rpWjfty; Nrit trjpfs; nfhz;lJ. ,tw;wpy; etPd uf nry;Nghd;fs; ,iza jsj;ij myRk; jpwd; nfhz;lJ. ,jw;fhfNt
WAP ,irT nfhz;L gy tiy jsq;fs; tbtikf;fg;gLfpd;wd.

WAP trjpnfhz;l nry;Nghd;fspd; jpiu> rhjhuz kw;w nry; Nghd;fistpl ngupjhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,jd;%yk; gq;F re;ij epytuq;fs;> tpisahl;L gw;wpa cldbj; jfty;fs;> nra;jpfs;kw;Wk; cq;fSf;F tpUg;gKs;s gy Jiwfisg; gw;wpa epytuq;fs; Mfpatw;iwg; ngw toptif nra;fpwJ. Nritfs; kw;Wk; jfty;fs; gupkhw;wj;jpy; mghu tsu;r;rp fz;LtUk; ,izajsq;fSld; ,ize;J nray;gl;L tUk; WAP-d; Nritfs; %yk; cyfk; cq;fs; iff;Fs; fl;Lz;L fplf;fg;NghfpwJ. ,g;nghOJ ntsptUk; gy nry;Nghd;fspd; gy WAP ,irT nfhz;ljhfTk; kw;Wk; gy Nghd;fs; GRPS NritAk; nfhz;ljhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,e;j ,uz;L njhopy;El;gq;fSk; ,ize;J tug;NghFk; nry;Nghd;fs; gy Gjpa NritfSf;F toptFj;J gy Nfhbf;fzf;fhd thbf;ifahsu;fis nrd;wilag;NghfpwJ. WAP-d; njhopy;El;gj;jpy; kw;W nkhU tsu;r;rpahf tu ,Ug;gJ ,izaj; jsq;fSf;F tha;nkhop (Voice Call) %yk; mZFtJ. ,jdhy; kpd;dZ tpahghuk; (e-Business)> tiyj;jsq;fis NjLtJ (Searching) kw;Wk; kpd; mQ;ry;fisg; ngWtJ Nghd;wtw;wpy; gy khWjy;fs; Vw;gLk;.

3
G nry;Nghd; - jfty; njhlu;gpy; %d;whtJ re;jjp (Third Generation of Mobile Communication):-

$ba tpiutpy; nry;Nghd;fspy; Kfk; ghu;j;J NgRk; (miof;fg;gl;ltUld;) mstpw;F tug;NghfpwJ. ,t;tif nry;Nghd;fs; %yk; mYtyf tiyaikg;Gf;F gjpif nra;jy;> ,izaj; jsq;fis myRjy;> gq;F re;ijapy; ehk; gq;Ffis epu;tfpj;jy;> thdpiy gw;wp mwpjy; Nghd;w gy fhupaq;fis Nkw;nfhs;s KbAk;. fk;gpapy;yh njhiyj;njhlu;Gj; Jiwapd; vjpu;fhyj;jpw;F vy;iy vd;gNj fpilahJ vd;w mstpw;F gue;J tpupe;J kpfr;rpwg;ghdjhf ,Uf;fg; NghfpwJ. vq;fpUf;fpNwhk; vd;w ftiy ,y;yhky; vq;fpUe;jhYk; cyfj;Jld; ,izg;Gg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk; vd;gJ kpfTk; kfpo;r;rpahd nra;jpahFk;.

''%d;whtJ re;jjp
3G vd;w thu;j;ij njhiyj; njhlu;G Jiwapy; mLj;j re;jjpia Fwpg;gJ MFk;. 3G Kiw vd;W gutyhf fpilf;fg;ngWk; Fuy;> vOj;JU jfty; (Text) kw;Wk; epuT Nritfis Nkk;gLj;jp xU Gjpa jpwd;gl;l Nritfs; Mw;wg;Nghfp wJ. njhiyj;njhlu;G njhopyfq;fs; 3G-y; mbg;gil njhopy; El;gk; kw;Wk; Nritfis Nkk;gLj;jp tUfpwJ. gy epWtdq;fs; ,ize;J ,jd; $l;L Kaw;rpahy; 3GPP vd;w G+Nfhs $l;L jpl;lk; (Partner Ship Project) Muk;gpf;fg; gl;L> ,e;j 3G nry;Nghd;fs; Kiwia Nkk;gLj;jg;gl;l nray; tbtkhf;f Kidg;Gld; nray;gl;L tUfpd;wdu;. ,d;iwa GSM-d; mbg;giliaf; nfhz;l 3G tpupthf;fg;gl;L> Nkk;gLj;jg; gl;L> $Ljyhf NubNah miy ,ilKfk; nra;ag;gl;L ty;yikAld; jpfo;fpwJ. ,jd; %yk; mjp tpiuT kw;Wk; gy;Clf epuT NritfSf;F kpf Vw;wjhf tpsq;FfpwJ.

(njhlUk;)

 

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