MJM Iqbal's Articles

valoothoor.com
Issue date : 04/09/2004 mwptpay; GJik

Ke;ija ,jo;fs;

n[f[hy [d;dy;fs;
njhiyNgrp %yk; tPl;L epu;thfk;
fk;a+l;lu; tPLfs;..
kNyrpau;fisf; flj;jpa..
 
,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; 6
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; Njhd;wpa ehLfs;
 
may; fpufthrpfs; vq;fpUe;J tUfpwhu;fs;?
 
mnkupf;fhit fyq;f itj;j..
 
Nghypahd gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk;
 
'GS^j;"  njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
tpNehjq;fs;.(11/9/04)

 

 

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,dp vy;NyhUNk 'rhk;gpad"'fs;jhd;


ru;tNjr kw;Wk; xypk;gpf; ge;jaq;fspy; fye;J nfhs;Sk; tPuu;-tPuhq;fidfspy; rpyu; jq;fsJ jpwid ntspg;gLj;jp rhjidfs; Gupa 'vijAk; nra;a" jahuhf cs;sdu;. rpyu; jq;fsJ cly; jpwid mjpfg;gLj;j 'Cf;f kUe;J"fis gad;gLj;JtJz;L.

tpisahl;L Nghl;bfspy; fye;J nfhs;Sk; xU tPuu; my;yJ tPuhq;fid 'Cf;f kUe;J" gad;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpwhuh? vd;gij fz;Lgpbf;f kUj;Jt (uj;j) gupNrhjid elj;jg;gLfpwJ.

rkPgj;jpy; ele;J Kbe;j Vnjd;]; xypk;gpf; ge;jaj;jpy; $l rpy tPuu; tPuhq;fidfs; 'Cf;f kUe;J" Nrhjidapy; gpbgl;ldu;.

'Cf;f kUe;J" vd;gij tpl gy klq;F rf;jp kpf;fJ. 'kugZ rpfpr;ir" Kiw .,e;j kugZ rpfpr;ir %yk; xU tPuu; my;yJ tPuhq;fidapd; cly; jpwid mjpfupf;fr; nra;a KbAk;.

(,jw;F cjhuzk; jhd; rhjhuz vyp 'kuhj;jhd; vyp" MdJ)

xU tPuu; my;yJ tPuhq;fid kugZ rpfpr;ir ngw;Ws;sij ve;j kUj;Jt gupNrhjid %yKk; fz;L gpbf;f KbahJ.

kuhj;jhd; vypia cUthf;fpa gpwF> mij cUthf;fpa rhy;f; ,d;];bba+l;il gy tPuu; tPuhq;fidfs; ufrpakhf mZfpAs;sdu;. kugZ rpfpr;ir %yk; jq;fs; cly; jpwid mjpfg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs; mjw;fhd nryT tptuq; fis Nfl;Ls;sdu;.

,d;Dk; 4 Mz;Lfspy; rPdj; jiyefu; gP[pq;fpy;> mLj;j xypk; gpf; Nghl;b elj;jg;gLfpwJ. mjpy; kugZ rpfpr;ir ngw;W mjpf cly; jpwDld; gy tPuu; tPuhq;fidfs; fye;J nfhs;sf; $Lk; vd;W tpQ;Qhdpfs; ftiyg;gLfpwhu;fs;.

mg;gb xU epiy Vw;gl;lhy; ,dp vy;NyhUNk rhk;gpad;fs; jhd; vd;whfp tpLk;.

mwptpay; mjprak;
kuhj;jhd; vyp

kdpjd; kw;Wk; tpyq;Ffs; (my;yJ gpw capupdq;fs;) clypy; cs;s Kf;fpa capu; Ntjpg; nghUl;fspy; xd;W kugZ([Pd;). ,e;j kugZf;fspy; gjpe;Js;s jfty;fs; %yNk xU capupdj;jpd; cly; mikg;G> moF> jiyKb> fz;> Njhypd; epwk;> Gj;jprhypj;jdk;> clypy; jhf;Fk; Neha;fs; Nghd;wit mikfpd;wd.

xU kdpjd; (my;yJ capupdk;) gpwf;Fk; NghJ Vw;gLk; NfhshWfs; my;yJ gpd;dhspy; mtDf;F tUk; Neha;fs; vit vd;gij Kd;$l;bNa mwpe;J nfhs;s kugZ tiuglq;fs; cjTfpd;wd. NkYk; ,e;j tiuglk; %yk; FiwghLfs;> Neha;fis fz;Lgpbj;J rpfpr;ir mspf;fyhk;. ve;j kugZ Fiw cs;sNjh mjw;F kl;Lk; rpfpr;ir mspg;gjd; %yk; vjpu;fhyj;jpy; Neha; jhf;Fjy;fspy; ,Ue;J kdpj capu;fis fhg;ghw;w KbAk;.


,J jtpu kugZtpy; rpwpa khw;wq;fs; nra;tjd; %yk; xU kdpjd; my;yJ capupdj;jpd; nray;ghL> jpwid khw;wp mikf;f KbAk;. cjhuzkhf xUtu; NehQ;rhd; clk;Gld; ,Uf;fpwhu;. mtuhy; ve;j fhupaj;ijAk; jpwikahf nra;a Kbatpy;iy vd;W itj;Jf; nfhs;Nthk;.

me;j egupd; kugZ tiu glj;ij vLj;J> mij Muha;e;J> mjpy; Fwpg;gpl;l kugZtpd; nray;Ntfj;ij mjpfg;gLj;jpdhy; NghJk;. me;j NehQ;rhd; gapy;thd; MfptpLthu;. cUz;L jpuz;l rijg;gw;Wld; mtuJ cly; mikg;G khwptpLk;. xU gyrhyp Nghy mtuhy; nray;gl KbAk;.

,JNghd;w kUj;Jt mjpraq;fis tUq;fhyj;jpy; nra;a KbAk; vd;W tpQ;Qhdpfs; rkPgj;jpy; ep&gpj;Js;sdu;. ,ij xU 'vyp Nrhjid" %yk; mtu;fs; ep&gpj;Jf; fhl;b ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. ,e;j Nrhjid Muha;r;rpapd; %yk; cUthdJjhd; ''kuhj;jhd; vyp".

kUj;Jt cyfpd; mjprakhf fUjg;gLk; 'kuhj;jhd; vyp" gw;wpa jfty;fs; tUkhW:-

mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; gy;NtW ehLfisr; Nru;e;j tpQ;Qhdpfs; kugZ tiuglk; %yk; Gjpa rpfpr;ir Kiwfs;> etPd kUe;Jfis fz;Lgpbf;Fk; Muha;r;rpapy; jPtpuk; fhl;b tUfpd;wdu;.

etPd tsu;r;rpf;F Vw;g 21-k; E}w;whz;by; Gjpa Neha;fSk;> njhw;W Neha;fSk; kdpj ,dj;ij jhf;Ffpd;wd. Rw;Wg;Gw #o;epiy khRgLjy;> jz;zPu;> cztpy; Vw;gl;Ls;s rj;Jf; FiwT> ehfuPf khd tho;f;if Kiw Nghd;wtw;why; kdpj ,dk; ghjpf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ.

,d;iwa Foe;ijfspy; gyu; gpwf;Fk; NghNj 'Fz;L Foe;ij"ahf cs;sdu;. tsu tsu cly; vil mjpfupj;J 'rijf;Fd;W" Nghy khwp tpLfpd;wdu;. kd ,Wf;fk;> tho;f;if rthy;fs;>mjpf Mir> Njitf;F mjpfkhd czT... Nghd;wit fhuzkhf rpwpa tajpNyNa kdpjd; gy Neha;fSf;F Mshfpd;wdu;. va;l;];> Gw;W Neha;> khuilg;G> euk;G> %is ghjpg;G Neha; Nghd;wit fhuzkhf kdpj ,dk; ngupJk; ghjpf;fg;gLfpwJ.


,j;jifa Neha; njhe;juT gpur;rpidfs; vJTk; ,d;wp tho vd;d rpfpr;ir Kiw> my;yJ kUe;J Njit vd;gJ Fwpj;J mnkupf;fhtpd; rhd;bNfh efupy; cs;s rhy;f; ,d;];bba+l; Ma;T elj;jp tUfpwJ. ,e;j epiyaj;jpd; jiyik Muha;r;rpahsuhd Nuhdhy;L ,thd;]; jiyik apyhd FO ,e;j Ma;tpy; jPtpukhf <Lgl;lJ.

kugZ rpfpr;ir %yk; cly; gUkd; Mtij jLf;f KbAk;. NkYk; clypd; nray; jpwid mjpfupf;f KbAk; vd;gij ,tu;fs; ep&gpj;Js;sdu;. ,jw;fhf rhjhuz vyp xd;iw Nju;e;njLj;jdu;. mJ fUtpy; ,Uf;Fk; NghNj 'kugZ rpfpr;ir" mspf;fg;gl;lJ. clypd; nray; jpwid mjpfupf;fr; nra;Ak; kugZtpd; gp.gp.V.Mu;. nly;lh (
PPAR-Delta) vd;gij khw;wp mikj;jdu;.

mjd; gpwF tsu tsu me;j vypapd; jd;ik> cly; vil> XLk; Ntfk; Mfpatw;iw fz;fhzpj;jdu;. rhjhuz vyp njhlu;e;J 900 kPl;lu; (2950 mb) Xbdhy; kugZ rpfpr;ir ngw;w vyp 1800 kPl;lu; (5>900 mb) J}uk; njhlu;e;J epw;fhky; XbaJ. ,e;j Xl;l Nrhjidf;fhf tpNr\ XLjsk; (
Tread mill) tbtikf;fg;gl;lJ.

rhjhuz vypia tpl ,uz;L klq;F rf;jpAld; ,uz;L klq;F J}uk; Xbajhy; ,e;j vypf;F 'kuhj;jhd; vyp" vd;W tpQ;Qhdpfs; ngau; #l;bdhu;fs;.

NkYk; Nrhjidapd; NghJ rpy ehl;fs; ,e;j vypf;F ve;j NtiyAk; nfhLf;fhky; 'Rk;kh" cl;fhu itj;J 'jPdp" Nghl;ldu;. nfhOg;G rj;J epiwe;j czT jhuhskhf nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. tapW Gilf;f jpd;w NghjpYk; vyp 'Fz;L" Mftpy;iy. mofpa cly; Njhw;wj;Jld;jhd; ,Ue;jJ.

NkYk; rhjhuz vypia tpl Gj;jprhypj;jdk; $LjyhfTk; fw;Wf; nfhLg;gij vspjpy; Gupe;J nfhz;L nray;gLk; jpwd; nfhz;ljhfTk; kuhj;jhd; vyp ,Ue;jJ.
 

'kuhj;jhd; vyp"ia cUthf;f ,uz;L kUe;Jfis Nuhdhy;L FOtpdu; jahupj;Js;sdu;. mLj;j fl;lkhf kuhj;jhd; kdpju;fis cUthf;Fk; tifapy; kugZ rpfpr;ir Kiw kw;Wk; kUe;Jfis jahupf;Fk; gzpia njhlq;fpAs;sdu;. ,e;j Muha;r;rp ntw;wp ngw;why; khuilg;G Vw;glhky; kdpj ,dj;ij fhg;ghw;w KbAk;. NkYk; cly; gUkd; MfhkYk; jLf;fyhk;.



 


NehQ;rhd; clk;G kdpju;fNs ,y;iy vd;w epiy khwp mid tUk; gyrhypfs; jhd; vd;w #o;epiyia cUthf;f KbAk; vd;gJ tpQ;Qhd ek;gpf;ifahFk;.


jfty; njhFg;G :
vk;.N[. ,f;ghy;>
Jgha;.

''nrthu;];Ndf;fu"" vyp

kugZ rpfpr;ir %yk; xU NehQ;rhid gyrhypahf khw;w KbAk; vd;gij ep&gpf;fTk; xU 'vyp Nrhjid"ia elj;jpf; fhl;bAs;sdu; tpQ;Qhdpfs;.

cUz;L> jpuz;l rij mikg;Gld; fl;Lk];jhd cliy ngw;wtu;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;ftu; mu;dhy;L nrthu;];Ndf;fu;. 'cyf Mz; mofd;" gl;lk; ngw;w ,tu; Mq;fpy rpdpkh glq;fspYk; ebj;J Gfo; ngw;whu;. (jw;NghJ mnkupf;f Nju;jypYk; Nghl;bapl;L khfhz ftu;duhfp ,Uf;fpwhu;) mtiug; Nghy cUz;L jpuz;l cly; mikg;G ld; $ba 'vyp" xd;iw kugZ khw;W rpfpr;ir %yk; tpQ;Qhdp fs; cUthf;fpdhu;fs;. me;j vypf;F 'nrthu;];Ndf;fu; vyp" vd;Nw ngaUk; #l;bAs;sdu;.

,Nj njhopy;El;gj;ij gad; gLj;jp NehQ;rhd; kdpjidAk; gyrhyp Mf;f KbAk; vd;fpwhu;fs; tpQ;Qhdpfs;.

kugZ

guk;giuahf tUk; kuG gz;Gf;F fhuzkhf ,Uf;Fk; capu;kj;jpd; ngau;jhd; 'kugZ". Mq;fpyj;jpy; ,ij [Pd; (Gene) vd;W miof;fpwhu;fs;.

xU Foe;ij gpwe;j cld; mij ghu;g;gtu;fs; 'mg;gh khjpup %f;F> mk;kh khjpup fhJ" vd;W nrhy;ypf; Nfl;bUf;fyhk;. ,g;gb mg;gh khjpup> mk;kh khjpup> jhj;jh khjpup xU Foe;ij gpwf;f fhuzkhf ,Ug;gJ [Pd (kugZf;)fNs.

xU capupdj;Jf;F (kdpjd; my;yJ tpyq;F my;yJ jhtu tif) Njitahd Gujq;fis (
Proteins) cUthf;Fk; jfty;fs; gjpT nra;ag; gl;lit [Pd; (kugZf;)fs; MFk;. capupdk; vg;gb ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjd; cly; mikg;G> epwk;> clypd; urhad khw;wq;fs; Nghd;w jfty;fs; gjpthditjhd; [Pd;fs;. me;j capupdj;jpd; czT gof;ftof;fk;> Neha; vjpu;g;G rf;jp> cliy ghjpf;Fk; Neha;fs; tptuk;> mjd; kdepiy> gof;ftof;fk; Nghd;wit [Pd;fspy; gjpthfp ,Uf;Fk;. gy Nfhb [Pd;fs; (kugZf;fs;) ,ize;J rq;fpypj; njhlu; Nghd;w mikg;ig cUthf;Ffpd;wd.

FNuhNkhNrhk;fs;


kugZ njhlu;fisf; nfhz;l rq;fpypj; njhlu; mikg;Gf;F FNuhNkhNrhk; vd;W ngau;. xU capupdj;jpd; clypy; ,Uf;Fk; nry;
(Cell)fspy; cl;fUg; (Nucleus) gFjpapy; vf;]; (x) kw;Wk; xa; (y) vd;w mikg;gpy; rq;fpypj; njhluhf [Pd;fs; ,Uf;Fk;. ,ij FNuhNkhNrhk;fs; (Chromosome) vd;W miof;fpwhu;fs;.
 

b.vd;.V.


b Mf;rp upNgh epAf;spf; Mrpl; (
De Oxyribonucleic Acid) vd;gjpd; RUf;fNk b.vd;.V. (D.N.A) nry;ypd; cl;fUg; gFjpapy; ,e;j b.vd;.V. ,Uf;Fk;.

kdpj kugZ jpl;lk;


kdpjdpd; tho;f;if ufrpaq;fis fz;Lgpbf;Fk; jpl;lk;jhd; kdpj kugZ jpl;lk; MFk;. Mq;fpyj;jpy; ,ij `pAkd; [PNdhk; Guh[f;l; (
Human Genome Project) vd;W miof;fpwhu;fs;.

kdpj kugZ tiu glj;ij cUthf;Fk; jpl;lk; 1990-k; Mz;L mf;Nlhgu; khjk; njhlq;fg;gl;lJ. mnkupf;fh> M];jpNuypah> gpNurpy;> fdlh> rPdh> nld;khu;f;> INuhg;gpa a+dpad; ehLfs;> gpuhd;R> n[u;kdp> ,];Nuy;> ,j;jhyp> [g;ghd;> nfhupah> nkf; rpNfh> neju;yhe;J> u\pah> RtPld;> ,q;fpyhe;J Mfpa ehLfs; $l;lhf ,e;j Ma;tpy; <Lgl;ld.

15 Mz;L fhyj;Jf;Fs; kdpj kugZ tiu glk; jahupf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W jpl;lkpl;L ,Ue;jdu;. Mdhy; tpQ;Qhdpfspd; jPtpu Kaw;rpahy; 13 Mz;Lfspy; tiu glk; jahupj;J Kbf;fg;gl;lJ. ,it midj;Jk; fk;g;a+l;lu;fspy; Nrkpj;J itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

Mapuk; gf;fq;fs; nfhz;l Gj;jfk; Nghy 200 Gj;jfq;fspy; gjpT nra;J itf;Fk; msTf;F kdpj kugZ tiuglk; gw;wpa jfty;fs; cs;sd.
 

 

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