MJM Iqbal"s Articles

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Issue date : 17/4/2004 mwptpay; GJik

Ke;ija ,jo;fs;

tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
 
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
kUj;Jt Jiwapy;.. (24/4/04)
 
 

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nraw;if mwpT

 

cyf mstpy; fk;g;a+l;lu; vd;[pdPau;fs; kw;Wk; tpQ;Qhdpfshy; mjpfkhf Ngrg;gLk; tp\ak; 'nraw;if mwpT". Mq;fpyj;jpy; Mu;bgPrpay; ,d;lypn[d;]; (Artificial Intellgence;) RUf;fkhf V.I. (A.I.) vd;W miof;fpwhu;fs;. kdpjidg; Nghy rpe;jpf;Fk; jpwd;> fw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; jpwid fk;g;a+l;lu; kw;Wk; ve;jpuq;fSf;F mspg;gJjhd; 'nraw;if mwpT" jpl;lj;jpd; Nehf;fkhFk;. ,e;j jpl;lj;jpd; Kjy;gbjhd; 'Nuhgl;L"fs;. Vw;fdNt gjpT nra;J itj;Js;s fl;lisfSf;F Vw;g nray;gLk; tifapy; 'Nuhgl;L"fspd; ,af;fq;fs; cs;sJ. ,e;j Muha;r;rpapy; nry;y Ntz;ba J}uk; ,d;Dk; epiwa ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ tpQ;Qhdpfspd; fUj;jhFk;.

mwptpay; mjprak; gFjpapy; ,lk;ngw;W tUk; 'Nuhgl;L"fs; gw;wpa jfty;fspy; ,e;j thuk; 'nraw;if mwpT" gw;wpa tptuq;fs; ,lk;ngWfpwJ.

nraw;if mwpT

etPd fk;g;a+l;lu; kw;Wk; 'Nuhgl;" Jiwapy; czu;r;rp kpFe;j Mtiy J}z;Lk; gFjpahf nraw;if mwpT (Artificial Intelligence) tpsq;FfpwJ. mNj rkak; ,e;j Jiw gw;wpa ru;r;irfSk; Vuhsk; cz;L.

,iwtdpd; gilg;gpy; gy mjpraq;fSk; Mr;rupaq;fSk; cs;sd. mjpy; xd;W kdpjd;. Mjp kdpjd; Kjy; ,d;iwa etPd fhy kdpjd; tiu kdpj ,dk; tpaf;fj;jFe;j khw;wq;fis re;jpj;Js;sJ. Njitfis epiwNtw;w kdpjd; vLj;j Kaw;rpfs;> ,jw;fhf mtd; elj;jpa Muha;r;rpfs;> fz;Lgpbg;Gfs; Nghd;wit kdpj ,dj;ij ehfuPfk; kpFe;jjhf tsu;r;rp milar; nra;jJ.

jhd; fw;Wf;nfhz;l tp\aq;fis ve;jpuj;Jf;F> xU fk;g;a+l;lUf;F fw;Wf; nfhLj;J jd;idg; Nghy Gj;jprhypj;jdk; epiwe;jjhf mij khw;w kdpjd; Kaw;rp nra;fpwhd;. ,J jhd; 'nraw;if mwpT" jpl;lj;jpd; tpsf;fk;.

Gj;jprhypj;jdk; kpf;f ve;jpuk; kw;Wk; fk;g;a+l;lu;fis jahupf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w vz;zk; tpQ;Qhdpfs; kdjpy; ePz;l fhykhfNt ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. ,uz;lhk; cyfg; Nghu; Kbe;j cld; ,jw;fhd Ma;Tfs; jPtpuk; mile;jJ.

,e;j Muha;r;rpfspy; ,q;fpyhe;J ehl;ilr; Nru;e;j fzpjNkij Myd; ^upq; mjpf <LghL fhl;bdhu;.

1947-k; Mz;L ,J njhlu;ghf mtu; nrhw;nghopTfis epfo;j;jpdhu;. fk;g;a+l;lu; GNuhfpuhk;fs; %yk; nraw;if mwpT nfhz;l ve;jpuq;fis cUthf;f KbAk; vd;W Myd; ^upq; ek;gpdhu;. mtuJ fUj;Jf;fis mbg;gilahf itj;Nj tpQ;Qhdpfs; Ma;T elj;jp tUfpwhu;fs;.

mjw;F Vw;g fk;g;a+l;lu; GNuhfpuhk;fis cUthf;fp mjd; %yk; ve;jpuq;fis> Nuhgl;Lfis ,af;fp tUfpwhu;fs;. ,e;j mbg;gilapy; cUthf;fg;gl;l njhopw;rhiy Nuhgl;Lfspd; gzpfs;> Ntiyj;jpwik midtuhYk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sJ.

mNj Neuj;jpy; kdpjidg; Nghy Gj;jprhypj;jdk; epiwe;j fk;g;a+l;lu; GNuhfpuhk; kw;Wk; Nuhgl;Lfis cUthf;FtJ rthy; epiwe;jJ vd;fpwhu;fs; tpQ;Qhdpfs;. fhuzk;> kdpjdpd; Gj;jprhypj;jdj;Jf;F mbg;gilahf tpsq;Fk; %is kw;Wk; euk;G mikg;Gfs; kpf El;gkhdit. mJNghd;w xU mikg;ig (mjhtJ> nraw;if mwpT) cUthf;FtJ fbdk;.

kdpjdpd; vz;zr; nray;fspy; gpujpgpk;gk; kw;Wk; kdpjdhy; gilf;fg;gl;l (kdpj mwpT nfhz;l) ve;jpuk;jhd; 'nraw;if mwpT." vij Ntz;LkhdhYk; fw;wwpAk; jpwd; fhuzq;fis mwpAk; jpwd;.

nkhopfis ifahSk; jpwd;> kw;Wk; jd; vz;zq;fis jhNd xOq;FgLj;Jk; jpwd; Nghd;w jpwikfis nfhz;lJjhd; 'nraw;if mwpT".

,j;jifa 'nraw;if mwpT" kpf;f kdpj ve;jpuq;fs; (Nuhgl;Lfs;) cUthf;Ftjpy; tpQ;Qhdpfs; Kd;Ndw;wk; mile;J tUfpd;wdu;. ,Ug;gpDk; mtu;fshy; xU vy;iyiaj; jhz;b Kd;Ndw Kbatpy;iy.

,d;iwa 'nraw;if mwpT" nfhz;l ve;jpuq;fs; kdpj nfl;bf;fhuj;jdj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;l rpy gFjpfis gpujpgypf;Fk; jpwd; nfhz;lit.

rpy etPd Nuhgl;Lfspy; fw;wwpAk; jpwd; xU Fwpg;gpl;l vy;iyf;Fs;NsNa ,Uf;fpd;wd. gapw;rp Nuhgl;Lfs; jd; topg;ghijapy; cs;s jilfis fz;lwpe;J mjw;F Vw;wthW jd; efUk; ghijia khw;wpf;nfhs;fpwJ. ,e;j epfo;Tfis cs;thq;fpf; nfhz;L epidtpy; itj;Jf;nfhs;Sk; ,e;j Nuhgl;Lfs; ,Nj khjpup re;ju;g;gq;fs; kPz;Lk; tUk;nghOJ jpwk; gl ifahz;L jilfis Kwpabf;fpd;wd. Vw;fdNt $wpaJ Nghy; etPd fzpdpfs; kdpjidg; Nghy; Rakhf rpe;jpf;Fk; jpwd; nfhz;bUg;gJ fpilahJ. rpy Nuhgl;Lfs; kdpjidg; ghu;j;J mwpe;J mtd; mirTfis mg;gbNa nra;J fhz;gpf;fpwJ. [g;ghdpy; Nuhgl; tbtikg;ghsu;fs; Nuhgl;LfSf;F eldkhLtJ vg;gb vd;gijf; fw;Wf; nfhLf;fpd;whu;fs;.

rpy Nuhgl;Lfs; rf[khf goFk; jd;ikiaf;$l nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. vk;.I.b. epWtdj;jpy; nraw;ifahf rpe;jpf;Fk; jpwd; gupNrhjidf; $lj;jpy; cs;s fp]; nkl; (Kismet) Nuhgl; kdpj cly; mirTfSf;F Vw;wthWk; Fuypy; cs;s Vw;w ,wf;fq;fSf;F Vw;wthWk; jd; eltbf;iffis khw;wpf; nfhs;fpd;wJ. fp];nkl;bd; tbtikg;ghsu;fs; kdpju;fs; Foe;ijaplk; mt;thW ciuahLfpwhu;fs; (Fuypy; Vw;w ,wf;fk; kw;Wk; cly; mirTfs; Nghd;w) vd;w Muk;gf;fl;l ciuahlypy; Mu;tk; fhl;bdhu;fs;. ,e;j Muk;g ciuahly;jhd; Nuhgl;Lfspd; kdpjidg;gw;wp fw;wwptjw;F cz;lhd Kf;fpa mbj;jskhf mike;jd.

vk;.I.b.apd; 'nraw;if mwpT" njhlu;ghd gupNrhjidf; $lj;jpy; cs;s 'fp];nkl;" kw;Wk; rpy Nuhgl;Lfs; gpuj;jpNaf fl;Lg;ghl;L fl;likg;igf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. mjhtJ ,jd; nray;ghLfs; midj;Jk; xU kj;jpaf; fzpdpia rhu;e;jpUg;gjpy;iy. ,jw;Fg;gjpyhf ,e;j 'Muk;g fl;l ciuahLk; Kiwfis" ifahs;tjw;F Vw;w fzpdpapy; ,izf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd. ',e;j Kiwjhd; kdpj mwpTj;jpwdpd; Jy;ypakhd khjpup Kiw" vd;fpwhu; ,j;jpl;l ,af;Fdu; Nuhl;dp G&f;];. 

NkYk; $Wifapy; ,e;j Nuhgl;Lfspd; ngUk;ghyhd ,af;fq;fs; jd;dpr;irahf ,Ug;gjpy; mjpf Mu;tk; fhl;LtjhFk;> Rakhf rpe;jpf;Fk; jpwdpy; mjp cd;dj epiyia vl;Lk; Kaw;rpapy; <Lgltpy;iy vd;fpwhu;. nraw;if mwpT jpl;lj;jpd; kw;nwhU kpfg; ngupa rthyhf ,Ug;gJ ,aw;ifahfNt (kdpjidg;Nghy;) rpe;jpf;Fk; jpwd; vt;thW Ntiy nra;fpwJ vd;gNj. nraw;if mwpit Nkk;gLj;JtJ vd;gJ xU nraw;if ,Ujaj;ij tbtikg;gJ Nghd;w vspjhd fhupakpy;iy. tpQ;Qhdpfsplk; xU vspikahd kw;Wk; Kd;khjpup tiuKiwfs; ,y;iy kdpj %is gy E}w;Wf;Nfhbf;fzf;fhd epa+uhd;fisf; nfhz;bUg;gij ehkwpNthk;. ,tw;wpw;fpilNa Vw;gLk; kpd; gupkhw;wq;fspd; %ykhfNt ehk; rpe;jpf;fTk; fw;wwpaTk; KbfpwJ vd;gijAk; mwpNthk;. ,Ue;jhYk; ,tw;wpw;fpilNa cs;s ,izg;Gfspd; ,e;j Ntiyiaj;jhd; nra;fpd;wd vd;gij ehk; rupahf cWjpapl;Lf; $w KbahJ. me;jsTf;F jpwd;gl;l kw;Wk; rpf;fyhd Rw;W ,izg;Gfisf; nfhz;lJ kdpj %is. Nkw;$wpa fhuzq;fshy; nraw;if mwpT gw;wpa ngUk;ghyhd Muha;r;rpfs; vOj;J tbtq;fspNyNa cs;sd. Vd;? vjw;F? vg;gb? ehk; rpe;jpf;fpNwhk;. ehk; fw;Wf; nfhs;fpNwhk;? vd; Muha;e;J mjw;F Vw;wthW Nuhgl;Lfis tbtikf;Fk; Nrhjidapy; <Lgl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs; tpQ;Qhdpfs;. kdpjid xj;j Nuhgl;Lfis tbtikf;Fk; gzpapy; <Lgl;L nfhz;bUf;Fk; G&f;]{k; mtuJ FOTk;> 'kdpj mwpthw;wYf;F Vw;WthW tbtikg;gjw;F kdpj rKjhaj;jpd; mDgtq;fs; Njitg;gLfpd;wd" vdTk;> ',J NkYk; kdpju;fSld; goFtjw;Fz;lhd KiwiaAk;" vspjhf;FtNjhL kdpjdplkpUe;J fw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fk; Nuhgl;bw;F tha;g;G cs;sJ" vd;fpwhu;. 

nraw;if gw;wpa Muha;r;rp ,aw;ifahf (kdpjd;) rpe;jpf;Fk; jpwd; gw;wp mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;Fk; gad;gl;L tUfpwJ. rpyu; nraw;if mwpitf; nfhz;L Nuhgl; tbtikg;gij jPtpu vz;zkhf nfhz;Ls;sdu;. ,d;Dk; rpyu; ve;jpuj; njhopyhsu;> cly; Rfhjhuk; kw;Wk; jfty; njhlu;G Nuhgl;Lfis tbtikj;J tUfpd;wdu;. ngUk;ghyhd ifNju;e;j Nuhgl; tbtikg;ghsu;fs; Nuhgl; cyfpy; elf;Fk; Gul;rp 'Cyborgs" vd;w cyfpw;F ek;ik mioj;Jr; nry;Yk; (kdpjd; kw;Wk; ve;jpuq;fspd; xUq;fpizg;G) vd fzpj;Js;sdu;.

,e;j Gul;rpfs; %yk; vjpu;fhyj;jpy; kdpju;fs; jd; %isapd; nray;ghLfis mjpf jpwik gilj;j Nuhgl;Lfspy; cl;nrYj;jp kdpjd; gy E}w;whz;L fhyk; tho top tFf;Fk; vdTk; ek;Gfpd;wd. vJ vg;gb ,Ue;jhYk; tUq;fhyj;jpy; Nuhgl;Lfs; ekJ md;whl tho;f;iff;F xU Kf;fpa eguhf mq;fk; tfpf;fg; NghfpwJ. 1980_k; Mz;L fzpdpfs; vt;thW ek; tPl;bw;Fs; Eioe;jdNth mNj Nghy; Nuhgl;Lfs; tUk; gj;jhz;Lfspy; njhopw;rhiy> Muha;r;rp gzpfs; Nghd;w vy;iyfis fle;J ek; tPl;bd; xU mq;fkhf tpsq;fg;NghfpwJ.

***



mLj;j ,jopy;

kUj;Jt Jiwapy; Nuhgl;Lfspd; gq;F gw;wp mwptpay; kw;Wk; njhopy;El;g jfty;fs; ,lk; ngWfpwJ.

jfty; njhFg;G: vk;.N[.vk;.,f;ghy;> Jgha;. 

 

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