MJM Iqbal's Articles

valoothoor.com

Issue date : 27/11/2004

mwptpay; GJik

         
 

Ke;ija ,jo;fs;

fyf;fy; fz;Lgpbg;Gfs;
kUj;Jtj;jpy; fk;g;a+l;lu;fs;
tpkhdq;fspy; fk;g;a+l;lu;
#g;gu; tpkhdq;fs;
kpd;rhu fk;gpfs;  %yk; ,d;lu;nel;
 fhu; jahupg;gpy; rPdpf;fpoq;F
 vd;Wk; ,sik
cq;fsisr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; fz;fs;
nrd;]hu; cyfk;
mwptpay; mjprpak;;
,dp vy;NyhUNk 'rhk;gpad;"fs; jhd;
n[f[hy [d;dy;fs;
njhiyNgrp %yk; tPl;L epu;thfk;
fk;;a+l;lu; tPLfs;..
kNyrpau;fisf; flj;jpa..
 
,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; 6
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; Njhd;wpa ehLfs;
 
may; fpufthrpfs; vq;fpUe;J tUfpwhu;fs;?
 
mnkupf;fhit fyq;f itj;j..
 
Nghypahd gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk;
 
'GS^j;"  njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
;a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
mjprpak; 12(04/12/04)

 

 

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fhe;j rf;jp %yk; %isapd; cs;fhl;rpfs;

kdpj rKjhaj;ij epiy Fiyar; nra;Ak; nfhba Neha;fs; gy cs;sd. ,it kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;F mt;tg; NghJ gy rthy;fis vOg;Gfpd;wd. njhopy; El;gq;fs; tsu tsu ,tw;wpd; rthy;fs; rhku;j;jpakhf Kwpabf;fg;gl;L tug;gLfpd;wd. ,jw;fhf gy kUj;Jt ty;Ydu;fs; jq;fsJ rPupa Muha;r;rpg;gzpfs; %yk; kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;F gy njhz;Lfs; Mw;wp tUfpd;wdu;. mk;ik> kNyupah> fhr Neha;fs; Nghd;w nfhba Neha;fs; gy kUj;Jtu;fspd; mauhj gzpfshy; jLf;fg;gl;L Ntl;ilahlg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd. NkYk; tUk; Kd; fhf;Fk; jpl;lq;fSk; rupahf tFf;fg;gl;L nrayhf;fg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. nfhba Neha;fspd; gl;baypy; kdpj rKjhaj;ij mr;RWj;Jk; typg;G vdg;gLk; Kayhfg; gPbg;G  Nehia Fzkhf;Fk; rpfpr;ir KiwAk; ,e;j Muha;r;rpg; gzpapy; <Lgl;L tUk; lhf;lu; tpy;ypak; Rju;ypq; mDgtq;fisAk; ,g;gFjpapy; fhz;Nghk;.

typg;G Neha; vd;gJ %isapDs; Vw;gLk; kpd;Ndhl;lq;fspd; ghjpg;gpd;  mwpFwp MFk;. ,J fl;Lf;flq;fhky; jpBnud caUk; kpd;rhuj;jhy; Vw;gLfpwJ.

euk;G mWit rpfpr;ir epGzuhy; ,g;ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;Jk; rpije;j %is jpRf;fis fz;lwpa Kbe;jhy; ,tw;iw khw;w KbAk;. Mdhy; ,r;rpfpr;ir ngWk; Nehahsp jd; tho;ehs; KOtJk; vjpu; gPbg;G (
Anti Seizure) kUe;Jf;fis cl;nfhs;tjd; %yk; mtrpaj;NjhL cly; nehbe;Jk; Ngha;tpLtu;. ,e; Nehia ,.,.[p.  ,ae;jpuj;jpd; jiyr;rUk kpd; Kidfis (Scalp Electrodes) gad;gLj;jp Kw;wpYk; fistJ vd;gJ rpf;fyhd fhupakhfNt ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. Vndd;why; %isapy; cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gLk; kpd;Gyq;fs; kz;il Xl;by; cl;fle;J nry;Yk;NghJ gutpAk;> rpije;Jk; Nghtjhff; $Wfpwhu;> tpy;ypak; Rju;ypq; vd;w euk;G cs;fhl;rp  epGzu;. ,tu; fypNghu;dpahtpy; cs;s `q;bq;ld; kUj;Jt Muha;r;rp ikaj;jpy; Nritahw;wp tUfpwhu;. ,tu; %isapy; xt;nthU kpd; Jbg;Gf;fshy; Vw;gLk; kpd;fhe;jg; Gyq;fs; kz;ilNahl;il cl;fle;J nry;Yk;nghOJ ve;j ghjpg;Gk; Vw;gLj;j tpy;iy vd;gijAk; fz;lwpe;jhu;. vk;.,.[p. (MEG) (Magneto Encephalographic) ,ae;jpuq;fs; %yk; (cyfj;jpNyNa xU l[d; ,ae;jpuk; kl;LNk cs;sJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ) typg;G Nehahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l Nehahspfspd; %isapy; Vw;gLk; rpwpjsT kpd;fhe;j Vw;w> ,wf;fq;fisAk;$l mspf;fpwhu;. ,it Njhd;wpaTld; kiwe;JtpLk; jd;ik nfhz;lJ. ,e;j msTfspd; epuTfis fhe;j xj;jpirT cs;fhl;rp %yk; ngwg;gLk; Kg;gupkhz jfty;fisAk; ,izf;fpwhu;. ,tw;wpd; %yk; ,k;Kiw kpFe;j ek;gfj;jd;ik nfhz;ljhfTk; gPbg;G Nehapd; %y fhuzq;fis eilKiwahf Fiwf;fTk; KbAk; vd mjpf ek;gpf;if nfhz;Ls;shu;. ,f;fhuzq;fs; %yk; mWit rpfpr;ir epGzu;fs; %isapy; ghjpf;fg; gl;l jpRf;fis mWj;njLf;Fk; nghOJ Rw;wpAs;s nry;fs; ghjpf;fhtz;zk; miktJ ,jd; $Ljy; gad;fs;.

Rju;ypq; `q;bd;q;ld; kUj;Jt Ma;T epiyaj;jpy;
HMRI (Hungtington Medical Research Institute)y; ,uz;liu kpy;ypad; lhyu; nrytpy; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;s vk;.,.[p. (MEG) (Magneto Encephalographic) trjpiaAk; mjd; nray;ghl;L tpjq;fisAk; ,q;F fhz;Nghk;.

 

1. fhl;rpKiw ,y;yhj ,Uz;l miw (No View Room)

vk;.,.[p.
G•.C.È. MEG  juq;F vdg;gLk; miw fhe;j ftrk; nfhz;l  miwapd; cl; nghUj;jg;gl;l kw;nwhU miw MFk;. ,J 10 rJu kPl;lu; msT nfhz;lJ. ,e;j miw HMRId; KO jiyg;gFjp vk;.,.[p. MEG ,ae;jpuk; nghUj;jg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. ,e;j ,ae;jpuk; gy czup njhFg;Gfisf;  nfhz;lJ. ,J Nehahspapd; jiyg;gFjpapy; (ngupa msT N`u; biuau; Nghy) nghUj;jg;gLtjhy; 'KO jiyg;gFjp MEG" vd ngau;f; fhuzk; Vw;gl;lJ. ,e;j czupfs; fhe;jg; Gyq;fspy; Vw;gLk; kpf Jy;ypakhd msT khw;wq;fis mwpAk; jd;ik nfhz;l El;gkhd rhjdk; MFk;. ekJ md;whl tho;f;ifapy; kpd; tpsf;Ffs;> fzpdpfs;> kpd; tprpwpfs; vd midj;J rhjdq;fSk; fhe;j miyfis cw;gj;jp nra;fpd;wd. ,it mUfpy; ,Ue;jhy; Nehahspapd; %isapy; Vw;gLk; fhe;j Vw;w ,wf;fq;fis kp.kP. msT Jy;ypakhf fzf;fpLtJ vd;gJ kpfTk; fbdkhd fhupak;. vdNt ,e;j qjI ,ae;jpuj;jpd; mUfpy; ,JNghd;w kpd; rhjdq;fs; mikg;gJ jtpu;f;fg;gl;L kpd;fhe;j ftrk; nfhz;l miwapd; cl;gFjpapy; nghUj;jg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.



2. khah[hy cNyhfk;
(Magic Metal)

vk;.,.[p. rhjdj;ij fhe;j ftrk; %l;lg;gl;ljpd; fl;l ikg;gpd; ufrpaNk ,e;j khah[hy cNyhfk; vk;.a+. nkl;ly;
(MU Metal) vdg;gLk; cNyhf fyitahy; jahupf;fg;gl;l nky;ypa ,iofs; ghJfhg;G ngl;lf fjTfs; Nghd;w ,e;j miwf; fjTfspy; ePy epw ntspg;Gwg; gFjp kw;Wk; fjtpd; Edpapy; nghUj;jg;gl;Ls;s Eiu ug;gUf;Fk;  ,ilg;gl;lg; gFjpapy; G+rg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd. ,jdhy; ,e;j rhjd miwf;fjT %baTld; ntspg;Gwk; ,Uf;Fk; fhe;j miyfs; cl;GFtJ mwNt jLf;fg;gLfpwJ.


3. jiyf;Fspu;r;rp
(Head Cold)

vk;.,.[p. rhjdj;jpd; mjpEl;gj;jpwd; ,jd; rpwg;G flj;jpj; jd;ikapd;  rf;jpapy; mike;Js;sJ. ,e;j
MEvd; ngUk;ghyhd Kf;fpa ghfq;fs; rpwg;Gf; flj;jp jd;ik nfhz;l rpwpa cNyhf tisaq;fshy; fl;likf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;j cNyhf tisaq;fs; `];Fapl;" SQUID (Seper Conducting Quantum Unterference Devices) vd miof;fg;gLfpwJ.


xU cNyhf tisak; G+[;[pa ntg;g epiyf;F rw;W cau;thd ntg;gj;jpdhy; Fsp&l;lg;gLk; NghJ ,it rpwg;Gf; flj;jpahf khWfpd;wd. mjhtJ ,jpy; Rw;wp tUk; kpd;rhuj;jpw;F kpd; jil  Vw;glhJ. ,jdhy; kpd;rhuk; jq;F jilapd;wp Rw;wp tUfpwJ. ,e;j Roy; kpd;rhuk; ,ijr; Rw;wp fhe;j Gyq;fis Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. xU kpd;fhe;jg; Gyq;fs; %isapd; cl;gFjpapy; guTk; nghOJ tisaj;jpy; Vw;fdNt cs;s fhe;jg; Gyj;ij vjpu;f;fpwJ. ,jdhy; ,t;tisak; ,jDs; ghAk; nkhj;j kpd;rhuj;jpd; msT khwhky; ,Uf;f Kaw;rpf;fpwJ. VjhtJ Gjpa kpd;rhuk; ,t;tisaj;jpy; J}z;lg;gLk; nghOJ rpwpa mstpy; kpd; mOj;j(ar;qPQ;`fPf;) NtWghL Vw;gLfpwJ. ,J kpfg;ngupa mstpy; (Mapuf;fzf;fhd) ngUf;fk; (qQpqPQ;$rpqP$\`Q;$r;*) nra;ag;gl;L Jy;ypakhf kpd;dZ rhjdq;fshy; msf;fg;gLfpwJ. rpwg;Gf; flj;Jiff;fhf ];$apl;]; ngupa jput `Pypak; epug;gg;gl;l /g;sh];f;fpy; itf;fg;gLfpwJ.
 

4. glj;jpy; cs;sJ Nghy; ,r;rhjdk; Nehahspapd; jiyapy; nghUj;jg;gLfpwJ.

5. fhe;j ,wf;fk; (
Demagnetizing):

vk;.,.[p rhjdj;jpy; xU Nehahsp mku;tjw;F Kd;G mtuJ clypy; cs;s xt;nthU cNyhfg; gFjpAk; (nghUj;jg;gl;bUe;jhy;) fhe;j ,wf;fk; nra;ag;gLfpwJ. mg;gb nra;ahtpl;lhy; ,jpy; ,Uf;Fk; fhe;j Gyk; jtwhd msTfis nfhLj;JtpLk;.


fhe;j ,wf;fk; nra;tjw;fhfNt ifalf;f fUtpfs; cgNahfg; gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. ,jd; rf;jp vt;thW ,Uf;Fnkd;why; gw;fspd; Jisfspy; milf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; cNyhff; fyitfspd; fhe;j rf;jpiaNa vLj;J tpLk; vd;why; ghu;j;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;.



6. xyp Nrhjid:

Kjw;fl;l vk;.,.[p gupNrhjid vd;wiof;fg;gLfpwJ. ,jpy;
Nehahspapd; %isapy; epiyahd milahsg; Gs;sp (Fixed Reference Points) vLf; fg;gLfpwJ. ,J gpw;ghL MEG epuTfis MRI cs; fhl;rpAld; Nfhl;l itj;J kpd; ,ila+Wfs; Vw;gLk; gFjpfis mwpa cjTfpwJ. nrtpg;nghwp (Head phones) nghUj;jpa kUj;Jt cjtpahsu;fs;> %isapy; Vw;gLk; fhe;jg; Gyq;fspy; Vw;gLk; Xirfis czu;e;jwpfpwhu;fs;. ,tw;iwf; nfhz;L %isapy; cs;s Kf;fpakhd gFjpapy; nray;fis mwpfpwhu;fs;.

 

7. kpd;rhu fdT (Electrical Dream):

Nehahspfs; mLj;j ,uz;L %d;W kzp Neuj;jpw;F Mlhky; mirahky; mg;gbNa ,Uf;f Ntz;baJ jhd;. %isapy; jpBnud Vw;gLk; kpd;fhe;j nray;fis czupfs; czUk; tiu ,e;epiy njhlu;fpwJ. czu;e;jTld; Nehahsp ntspnry;y mDkjpf; fg;gLfpwhu;fs;.

8. vz; fzf;fply;
(Number Crunching): :

xt;nthU ];Fapl;];_k; ,jd; fhl;rpg; gjpTfis vk;.,.[p. rhjdj;jpd; Kf;fpa fzpdpf;F mDg;GfpwJ. ,f;fzpdp Fspu; rhjdg;ngl;b msT nfhz;bUf;Fk;. ,it
MEG juq;fpd;  mUNf FWf;fhf itf;fg; gl;bUf;Fk;.

9. kz;ilf;$L njhg;gp
(Skull Cap):

Nki[ kw;Wk; kbf;fzpdpfs; Kf;fpa fzpdpf;F mUNf nghUj;jg;gl;bUf;Fk;. vk;.,.[p.y; gjpT nra;ag;gl;l msTfs; tpz;Nlh]; Kiwapy; tiugjpTf;  fhl;rpfshf khw;wg;gLfpwJ. ,it glj;jpy; cs;sJ Nghd;w fhl;rp ahfj; njupAk;. glj;jpy; kz;ilf; $l;ilr; Rw;wp nghUj;jg; gl;l czupfs; rptg;G tl;lkhf ,Ug;gJ MFk;. kw;nwhU tpz;Nlhtpy; xt;nthU jdpg;gl;l czupfspd; fhl;rpg; gjpT  khw;wq;fs; ,.,.[p NfhLNghy; fhl;lg;gLk;. ,jpy; fhl;lg;gl;bUf;Fk; gl;il tbt fhl;rpg; gjpT
(Flat Readings) MNuhf;fpakhd xUtu; mku;e;J Jq;Ftijf; Fwpf;fpwJ.

10. flf;Fk; Gay; (Passing Stom):

gPbg;G Nehahy; jhf;fg;gLk;nghOJ ghjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fspd; epiy Kw;wpYk; NtWtpjkhf ,Uf;Fk;. mWit rpfpr;ir Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F Kd;G Kayfg; gPbg;G Nehahspfis
HMRI_Á MEG rhjdj;jpy; gupNrhjid nra;ag;gl;lj;jpd; gjpTfisg; ghu;j;jhy; njupa tUk;. jpBnud Vw;gLk; gPbg;GfSf;F fhj;jpUg;gjw;Fg; gjpyhf> kUj;Jtu;fs; %isapy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l gFjpfSf;F mUfpy; kpd;Kiwfis kz;il Xl;bd; cl;gFjpapy; nghUj;Jfpwhu;fs;. ,e;j kpd; Kidfshy; Vw;gLj;jg; gLk; rpwpa gPbg;G  gjpT nra;ag;gLfpwJ. ,e;j rpwpa gPbg;GfspypUe;J ngwg;gLk; SQUID gjpTfs; nkd;nghUs;fshy; nkhopkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;L jpwd; tha;e;j fhe;j Gyq;fs; kz;il Xl;bDs; vq;F Vw;gLfpwJ vd;gij mwpfpwhu;fs;. ,e;j fhe;j gjpTfs; Kg;gupkhzf; fhl;rpfshf khw;wg;gl;L MRI csf;fhl;rpfspd; Nky; Nehahspapd; %is fhz;gpf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,jpy; fhl;Lk; kQ;rs; FwpaPLfs; kUj;Jtu;fis topelj;jp Nehahspfspd; Kayfg; gPbg;G gFjpia milahsk; fhl;LfpwJ. MAl; fhy Kayfg; gPbg;ghy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fSf;F gPbg;G  xt;nthU ,uz;L kzp Neuj;jpw;F xUKiw jhf;FfpwJ.

EEG_f;fs; ,e;j tof;fj;jpw;F khwhd nray;ghLfs; Kd;tisfspy; Vw;gl;ljhf fhz;gpj;jJ. Mdhy; MEG csf;fhl;rpfs; ,lJ Kd; tisapy; Ngr;R ikaj;jpw;F  mUfpy; eilngw;wJ vd;gij Jy;ypakhf fhz;gpj;jJ. ,J mWit rpfpr;ir epGzu;fs; Ngr;R ikaj;ij ghjpf;fhky; rpfpr;ir Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F toptif nra;jJ. ,jdhy; Nehahspfs; NgRk; jpwid ,of;Fk; re;ju;gj;ij Kw;wpYk; ePf;fpaJ. ,e;j mWit rpfpr;irf;Fg; gpwF Rju;ypq; NehahspfSf;F rpwpjsNt gPbg;G cz;lhtij mwpe;jhu;. Rju;ypq; $Wifapy;> 'mWit rpfpr;irahy; ntl;b vLf;fg;gl;l gFjp ];Nfu; jpRf;fs;  MFk;. ,J nray;ghlw;w gFjp. ,ij Kw;wpYk; mfw;wpahfptpl;lJ. vd;whu;. Mdhy; ,tw;wpd; Kf;fpa Fwpf;Nfhs; kf;fis gPbg;G (typg;G) NehapypUe;J Kw;wpYk; fhg;gNj. ,jw; fhf ,tu; Mw;Wk; Muha;r;rpg; gzpfs; Kayfg; gPbg;G Nghd;w nfhba NehapypUe;J kdpj rKjhaj;ij fhg;gNj.


 

(mjprak; njhlUk;)

jfty; njhFg;G :
vk;.N[.vk;. ,f;ghy;>
Jgha;.

 

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