MJM Iqbal's Articles

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Issue date : 18/09/2004 mwptpay; GJik

Ke;ija ,jo;fs;

mwptpay; mjprpak;
,dp vy;NyhUNk 'rhk;gpad;"fs; jhd;
n[f[hy [d;dy;fs;
njhiyNgrp %yk; tPl;L epu;thfk;
fk;a+l;lu; tPLfs;..
kNyrpau;fisf; flj;jpa..
 
,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; 6
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; Njhd;wpa ehLfs;
 
may; fpufthrpfs; vq;fpUe;J tUfpwhu;fs;?
 
mnkupf;fhit fyq;f itj;j..
 
Nghypahd gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk;
 
'GS^j;"  njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
cq;fsisr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; fz;fs;(25/9/04)

 

 

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nrd;]hu; cyfk; - 1. [hf;fpuij... cq;fis Rw;wp nrd;]hu;

xU fhyj;jpy; jdp egupd; eltbf;iffis mwptjw;F xw;wu;fs; mikj;J epoy;Nghy; gpd; njhlu;e;J tpguq;fs; Nrfupf;f Ntz;b ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; ,d;W jfty; njhlu;G kw;Wk; kw;w njhopy; Jiwapy; Vw;gl;l mghu tsu;r;rp ek;ikr; Rw;wp Mapuk; fz;fs;. ehk; ahuhNyNah my;yJ vjdhNyNah fz;fhzpf;fg;gLfpNwhk;. ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; jpUl;L jLg;G vd;w ngaupy; mq;fq;F mikf;fg;gl;l Nrhjid kw;Wk; fz;fhzpg;G rhjdq;fs; ek; jdpikfis tpiy Ngr te;Jtpl;ld.

njhopy; El;gk; tsu tsu rhjdq;fspd; tpiyAk; Fiwa Muk;gpj;J rhjhuz kf;fs; cgNahfpf;Fk; mstpw;F te;Jtpl;ld. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf nry;Nghd;.

,d;W xUtu; vq;fpUf;fpwhu; vd;gij nehbg;nghOjpy; mwpa KbAk;. jfty; njhlu;G njhiyTfis Fiwj;jhYk; njhy;iyfis mjpfupj;jpUf;fpd;wd vd;gJ epju;rd cz;ik. vq;F nrd;whYk; nry;Nghd; xypfs;. rpy rkak; ehk; vg;nghOJ ,e;jj; njhy;iyapy; ,Ue;J tpLgLNthk; vd;w Vf;fKk; Vw;gLtJz;L.

xU mYtyfj;jpy; Gjpjhf Nju;e;njLf;fg;gLk; Copau;fspd; tpguq;fs;> kzkf;fis Nju;e;njLg;gjw;fhf kzkfNdh my;yJ kzkfspd; tpguq;fs; jd; kfs; my;yJ kfd; MfpNahupd; eltbf;iffis gw;wpa tpguq;fs; ,it midj;ijAk; Nrfupf;f ek; ehl;by; gy jdpahu; csTj;Jiw mYtyfq;fs; GjpJ Gjpjhf Kisf;fj; njhlq;fptpl;ld.

,ijj;jtpu murhq;f csTj;Jiw> rp.gp.I.> Nghf;Ftuj;J fz;fhzpg;G Nghd;w murhq;f epWtdq;fSk; cz;L. ,jpy; ehk; VjhtJ xU gpuptpd; fPo; fz;fhzpf;fg;gLfpNwhk;. ,itnay;yhk; ek; ehl;by; fle;j rpy tUlq;fshfj;jhd; Mjpf;fk; nrYj;j Muk;gpj;jpUf;fpd;wd.

Mdhy; mnkupf;fh Nghd;w Nkiy ehLfspy; #g;gu; khu;f;nfl;by; ,Ue;J mZ Muha;r;rp ikak; tiu gy Nfhb ghJfhg;G Kiwfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. xt;nthU FbkfDk; gy;NtW Kiwfspy; fz;fhzpf;fg;gLfpd;wdu;. ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; jfty; Nrfupg;G vd;w ngaupy; xUtupd; jdpikia kw;wtu; ghu;f;Fk; mstpw;F ehfuPfk; tsu;e;Jtpl;ld. ,jw;F nrd;]hu;fs; vdg;gLk; Ez;rhjdk; vq;nfy;yhk; vt;thW gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. ,tw;wpw;F mnkupf;f kf;fs; kw;Wk; jdpik tpUk;gpfs; (ghJfhtyu;fs;) kj;jpapy; vt;thW vjpu;g;G fpsk;gpAs;sJ vd;W tUk; mj;jpahaq;fspy; ghu;g;Nghk;.
 

fdlhitr; Nru;e;j Rw;Wyhg; gazp gpa+q;-#-rpd; rhd;gpuhd;rp]; Nfhtpy; cs;s xU thliff; fhu; mYtyfj;jpy; ,Ue;J fhu; xd;iw thliff;F vLj;J jd; FLk;gj;jpdUld; 12 ehl;fs; ,d;gr; Rw;Wyh fpsk;gpdhu;. ,e;jr; Rw;Wyhtpy; fypNghu;dpah flw;fiug; gFjp> yh]; Nfhth]; kw;Wk; fpuhz;l; Nrd;ahd; Mfpa ,lq;fisr; Rw;wpg; ghu;j;J tpl;Lfhiu xg;gilj;Jtpl;L mjw;fhd fl;lzj;ij nrYj;j jahuhdNghJ gpy;iyg; ghu;j;J fpl;lj; jl;l kaf;fNk te;Jtpl;lJ mtUf;F. ekJ ,e;jpa &gha; kjpg;gpy; mtu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba fl;lzk; &.11>960. Mdhy; te;j gpy;Nyh &.1>56>400. mjw;fhd fhuzj;ijf; Nfl;l nghOJ ,tu; nrd;W te;j topj;jl tiuglj;ijf; fhl;b mtu; fdlh eNthjh vy;iyiaf; fle;J nrd;w jhf mjpy; njupa te;jJ. vy;iyiaf; flf;Fk;nghOJ xU ikYf;F Rkhu; 46 &gha; 1 lhyu; t#ypg;gJ tof;fk;. Rw;Wyh nrd;wnghOJ ,tupd; kfd; jtWjyhf vy;iyiaf; fle;J nrd;wjd; tpisthf ,t;tsT gzk; nrYj;j Ntz;baJ mtrpakhfptpl;lJ. rup ,e;j fhu; fk;ngdpf;F vt;thW ,tu;fs; nrd;Wte;j Jy;ypa topj;jl tiuglk; fpilj;jJ. mJ jhd; ,d;iwa njhopy;El;gj;jpy; ekf;F fpilj;j tug;gpurhjj;jpy; xd;W-G+Nfhs topj;jl Kiw (Global Positioning System). ,e;j topj;jl rhjdj;ij me;jf; fhupy; nghUj;jpapUe;jhy; fhu; vq;nfq;F nrd;wJ vd;gij Jy;ypakhf mwpa Kbe;jJ.

fle;j gy tUlq;fshf mnkupf;fhtpy; Rkhu; ehd;fpy; xU gq;F thliff; fhu; fk;ngdpfs; ,t;tif rhjdj;ij jq;fsJ fhu;fspy; nghUj;jpAs;sJ. kw;Wk; rpy fk;ngdpfs; jtW nra;Ak; Xl;Ldu;fis fz;Lgpbg;gjw;fhfNt ,r;rhjdj;ij nghUj;jpAs;sJ. fhu; jpUlg;gl;lhNyh my;yJ ghiytdg; gFjpapy; gOjile;jhNyh my;yJ gdpg;Gaypy; fhu; khl;bf; nfhz;lhNyh [p.gp.v];. rhjdk; %yk; fhu; vq;Fs;sJ vd;gij mwpe;J mjw;Fz;lhd eltbf;iffspy; ,wq;Ftjw;F trjpahf cs;sJ vd;W fhu; epWtdq;fs; $wpdhYk; VNjh Fw;wthspfis gpd; njhlu;tJ Nghy; vq;fisj; njhlu;tJ ey;yjy;y vd;fpwhu;fs; Xl;Ldu;fs;.

xU GJ njhopy;El;gk; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;Ltpl;lhy; mij mjd; vy;iyf;Fl;gl;l Kiwapy; cgNahfpg;gJ vd;gJ kpfTk; rpf;fyhd fhupak; vd;fpwhu; th\pq;ldpy; cs;s kpd;dZ jdpik kw;Wk; jfty; ikaj;ijr; (
Electronic Privacy & Information Center) Nru;e;j Nltpl; f.Nrhgy;.
 

fle;j gy tUlq;fshf Gjpa topj;jlkwpjy; kw;Wk; fz;fhzpg;G njhopy;El;gq;fs; (Tracking & Monitoring) juT (Data) mikg;Gld; ,ize;J fz;fhzpg;G (Surveillance) Kiwapy; ekJ jfty;fisf; (Personal Information) nfhz;L Gjpa gilg;GfisAk; mNj Neuk; Njitapy;yhj ,lj;jpy; %f;if Eiof;fTk; nra;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,e;j njhopy; El;g Af;jpfs; ekJ tho;f;if Kiwia kpfTk; vspjhf;FfpwJ. mjhtJ ,jd; %yk; ePq;fs; thfdj;jpy; Rq;fr;rhtb topahfr; nry;Yk; nghOJ fhiu epWj;jhkNyNa fl;lzk; nrYj;jyhk;. (Rq;fr;rhtbapy; cs;s ''nrd;]hu;"" cq;fsJ fhupd; vz;iz mwpe;J cq;fsJ fpnubl; fhu;bd; fzf;fpy; Vw;wp tpLk;). ''tpuy; Nuif mwpAk; Kiw ikfs;"" (Finger print authentication systems) ePq;fs; ahu;? cq;fsJ gpd;dzp vd;d? Nghd;w tpguq;fis njuptpf;Fk;. Kjypy; ,JNghd;w Kiwfspy; cq;fsJ fpnubl; fhu;by; NtnwhUtu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba njhifia Vw;wptpLtJ Nghd;w jtWfSk; ele;NjwpaJ. Mdhy; juTfs; nfhz;bizf;fg;gl;l Gjpa njhopy; El;gq;fspd; ,j;jtWfis mfw;wp xt;nthU ehSk; kpfTk; jpwd;gl;ljhf tpsq;fp te;jhYk;> ,jd; %yk; elf;Fk; njhy;iyfs; Vuhsk; vd;fpwhu;fs;.

Nrhgy; kw;Wk; gy jdpik ty;Ydu;fs; (
Privacy Experts) mNj rkak; ,e;j njhopy;El;gj;ijr; rPuikf;Fk; rl;l jpl;lq;fNsh kpfTk; gpd;jq;fpAs;sd. Rw;Wyhg; gazp gpa+q;-#-rd;Df;F Neu;e;j rk;gtk; mdhtrpakhfg;gl;lhYk; ,J xU rl;lj;jpd; Kd;dhy; ,J xU rupahd eltbf;ifNa. ePq;fs; mwpahkNy cq;fisg; gw;wpa jfty;fisf; nfhLj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs;. mYtyfj;jpy; fk;gpapy;yh ghJfhg;G ml;il (Security Card Systems) ePq;fs; mYtyfj;jpw;F te;J nry;Yk; Neuj;ij gjpT nra;fpwJ. cq;fsJ kpd; mQ;ry;> njhiyNgrp mikg;Gfs; kw;Wk; cq;fsJ gytpj nray;ghLfis fz;fhzpf;f KbAk;. tiyjsj;ij ePq;fs; myRk; nghOJ ve;j jsj;ij ePq;fs; ghu;j;Jf;nfhz;bUf;fpwPu;fs; vd;gij cq;fs; mYtyfNkh my;yJ murhq;fNkh fz;fhzpf;f KbAk;. mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; ,q;fp yhe;J Nghd;w ehLfspy; mq;Fs;s kf;fspd; nry;Nghd; %yk; mtu;fs; vq;fpUf;fpwhu;fs; vd;gij Jy;ypakhf fz;fhzpf;Fk; trjpiaf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.

 

mnkupf;fhtpw;F nry;Yk; xUtu; ,yf;f Kiwahf;fg;gl;l jd; ifNuif (Digital Finger prints) kw;Wk; Gifg;glj;ij vy;iyg; gFjpapy; (tpkhd epiyak; kw;Wk; jiutop EioTthapy; Nghd;w) rku;g;gpj;jg; gpwNf cs;Ns nry;y mDkjpf;fg;gLthu;. mjd; gpwF mtu; NgUe;J epWj;jj;jpy; ,Ue;J V.b.vk;. nrd;whYk; rup cil khw;W miwf;F nrd;whYk; rup mtu; fz;fhzpg;Gf; Nfkuhf;fspd; fz;fSf;F jg;ghky; nry;y KbahJ.

Mf;]pfhk; fhu;nghNu\d;> ypl;by; uhf; kw;Wk; rha;]; Nghd;w epWtdq;fs; ntspehl;L gpui[fs; kw;Wk; cs;ehl;L rhjhuz Fbkf;fs; Nghd;w midj;Jj; jug;G kf;fspd; jfty;fspd; juTfis (
Data) xd;wpize;J juT gzpkidapy; gjpT nra;J mij Nfhbf;fzf;fhd kw;w gjpTfisAk; xj;Jg;ghu;j;J tif gpupj;J itj;Js;shu;fs;. ,e;jj; jfty;fs; gzpahsu;fis Nju;T nra;Ak; epWtdk;> fhg;gPl;L epWtdq;fs;  Nghd;w gy;NtW fhupaq;fSf;fhf tpw;gid nra;ag;gLfpd;wd. nrg;lk;gu;-11 rk;gtj;jpw;F gpwF mnkupf;f ghJfhg;Gj; JiwAk; ,j;jfty;fSf;F mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLj;J tUfpwJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

20 lhyu; nfhLj;jhy; NghJk; kw;wtu;fs; vd;d nra;fpwhu;fs; vd;gij ePq;fs; fhz KbAk;. rha;]; gha;];l;by; epWtdk; cq;fsplk; cs;s njhiyNgrp vz;fs; ePq;fs; itj;Js;s ,lj;jpd; jw;Nghija kjpg;G> fhu; Nyhd; kw;Wk; cq;fs; tof;Ffspd; tpguq;fs;> ePq;fs; itj;Js;s NubNah> kUe;J tpguq;fs;> Jg;ghf;fp cupkq;fs;> cq;fspd; FLk;gj;jpdu; gw;wpa tpguq;fs; Nghd;w gy;NtW jfty;fisf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.

mnkupf;fhtpy; rl;l mkyhf;fk; vd;w ngaupy;> ghJfhg;G> nrytpdf; fl;Lg;ghL> kw;Wk; trjpf;fhf> tzpfk; rhu;e;j kw;Wk; muR epWtdq;fs; ,j;njhopy; El;gj;ij nkd;NkYk; Muha;e;J gytpj jfty;fis Nrfupj;J jfty; fsQ;rpaNk itj;Js;sJ. ,tw;iw etPd tiyaikg; ghf;fk; (
Networking)> fk;gpapy;yh njhlu;G juT fsQ;rpak; Mfpatw;Wld; xUq;fpizj;J vtw;iwnay;yhk; ehk; ekJ jdpg;gl;l nrhe;j tpguq;fs; vd epidj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;NjhNkh mitnay;yhk; midtUk; njupe;Jnfhs;Sk; mstpw;F te;Jtpl;ld. ,t;tpj jdpg;gl;l nrhe;j tpguq;fs; nfhz;l juTfis rkhspf;f rpy Ma;thsu;fs; kiwKfkhf vjpu; eltbf;iffspy; ,wq;fpAs;sdu;. Gjpa juTj;js tbfl;bfs; (Database Filters) nfhz;L jLg;Gfs; mikf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,jdhy; Kf;fpa khd Mtzq;fs; gw;wpa jfty; Nrfupf;Fk; xUtu; jdpg;gl;l egupd; nrhe;j tpguq;fis mZFtJ jLf;fg;gLfpwJ. fz;fhzpg;G Nfkuh tbfl;bfs; (Surveillance Camera) ePq;fs; rupahf ve;j ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwPu;fs; vd;gij fz;fhzpg;Gf; Nfkuhf;fs; czu Kbahky; Nghf toptif nra;fpwJ.

,e;j khjpupahd vjpu; eltbf;iffs; kpfTk; mtrpakhdJ. mnkupf;f ghJfhg;Gj; Jiwapd; MjuTld; kf;fspd; jdpikf;F Vw;gLk; tpisTfisg; gw;wpa mwpf;if xd;W jahuhdJ. ,t;twpf;if murhq;f juT fsQ;rpa nray;ghLfSf;F cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gLk; juT fsQ;rpa fUtpfs; %yk; ve;j xU Fw;wk; gpupahky; ,Uf;Fk; xU mnkupf;f Fbkfdpd; nrhe;j tpguq;fis Nrhjid Nkw;nfhs;tJ rupahd eltbf;if my;y vd;Wk;> (
Bill of Rights) rl;ltiuT cupik jahupj;j mjpfhupfs; ,ij vjpu;j;Jk; NkYk; ,e;j khjpupahd jdpegupd; nrhe;j tpguq;fs; nghJj; NjlYf;F cl;gl;LtpLk; vd;Wk; vjpu;g;Gfs; fpsk;gpd. ,e;j mwpf;ifapy; rl;lk; kw;Wk; njhopy;El;g fhg;G ,y;yhik kw;Wk; elg;G fz;fhzpg;G Kiwfs; rhjhuz Fbkf;fspd; Rje;jpuj;ij ngUksT ghjpg;gjhfTk; mJkl;Lky;yhky; kj czu;T> murpay; kw;Wk; nghJkf;fspd; cupikf;Fk; gq;fk; tpistpg;gjhf njuptpj;jpUe;jJ.
***

fhjypia csT ghu;j;J khl;bf;nfhz;ltu;

[p.gp.v];.njhopy; El;gk; %yk; xUtiu ve;j msTf;F Jg;gwpayhk; vd;gjw;F cjhuzkha; xU rk;gtk; rkPgj;jpy; ele;jJ......

mnkupf;fhtpy; fypNghu;dpah khfhzj;jpy; cs;s n[yd;Nly; vd;w ,lj;ijr;Nru;e;jtu; VuhNfgpupNay;ahd;. 32 tajhd ,tu; xU ngz;iz fhjypj;jhu;. nfhQ;rfhyj;jpy; fhjy; Kwpe;J tpl;lJ. ,UtUk; gpupe;J tpl;ldu;. Mdhy; fhjypia kwf;fKbahky; NfgpupNay;ahd; jtpj;jhu;. mNjhL fhjyp NtW ahiuahtJ fhjypf;fpwhuh? vd;gijAk; fz;fhzpf;f KbT nra;jhu;. ,jw;fhf mtu; [p.gp.v]; njhopy; El;gj;ij gad;gLj;jpdhu;.

,jd;gb fhjypapd; fhupy; xU nry;Nghid nghUj;jpdhu;. fhu; xlj;njhlq;fpaJk; nry;Nghd; ,aq;Fk; tifapy; mjw;F Ngl;lup ,izg;G nfhLj;jhu;. fhjypapd; fhu; vq;nfy;yhk; nry;fpwNjh me;j ,lk; gw;wpa jfty;fs; nry;Nghd; %yk; nraw;ifNfhs; topahf jdJ fk;g;a+l;lUf;F tUk; tifapy; NfgpupNay;ahd; Vw;ghL nra;jpUe;jhu;.

(nry;Nghd; itj;jpUg;gtu;fs; jhq;fs; ve;j ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;fpNwhk; vd;gij mwpe;J nfhs;strjpahf me;j ,lj;jpd; ngau; nry;Nghd; jpiuapy; njupAk;. ,j;jifa [p.gp.v]; njhopy; El;gj;ijj;jhd; NfgpupNay;ahd; gad;gLj;jp jdJ fhjypia csT ghu;j;jhu;)

gy ehs; jpUld; xU ehs; mfg;gLtJ Nghy fhjypapd; fhupy; nghUj;jp ,Ue;j nry;Nghdpd; Ngl;lupia khw;w te;jNghJ ifAk; fsTkhf NfgpupNay;ahd; rpf;fpf;nfhz;lhu;. gpur;rpid NghyPRf;F NghdJ. NfgpupNay;ahd; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhu;. gpd;du; [hkPdpy; ntspte;jhYk; tof;F tprhuizapy; mtuJ Fw;wk; ep&gpf;fg;gl;lhy; 6Mz;L tiu mtUf;F n[apy; jz;lid fpilf;Fk; vd;W rl;lk; nrhy;fpwJ.

(mjprak; njhlUk;)



 

 

 

 

 

jfty; njhFg;G: vk;.N[.vk;.,f;ghy;> Jgha;.
 

 

 

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