MJM Iqbal's Articles

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Issue date : 16/4/2005

mwptpay; GJik

         
 

Ke;ija ,jo;fs;

,ae;jpu NuhNghl; lhq;fp

caukhd fl;blq;fs; fl;Ltjhy; g+fk;gk; Vw;gLfpwjh?

kwjp ,y;yhj kdpjd;
jiyf;Fs; Mzp
tpiuthd Nrhjid
mwptpay; mjprpak; 12
fhe;j %yk; %isapd; cs;fhl;rpfs;
fyf;fy; fz;Lgpbg;Gfs;
kUj;Jtj;jpy; fk;g;a+l;lu;fs;
tpkhdq;fspy; fk;g;a+l;lu;
#g;gu; tpkhdq;fs;
kpd;rhu fk;gpfs;  %yk; ,d;lu;nel;
 fhu; jahupg;gpy; rPdpf;fpoq;F
 vd;Wk; ,sik
cq;fsisr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; fz;fs;
nrd;]hu; cyfk;
mwptpay; mjprpak;;
,dp vy;NyhUNk 'rhk;gpad;"fs; jhd;
n[f[hy [d;dy;fs;
njhiyNgrp %yk; tPl;L epu;thfk;
fk;;a+l;lu; tPLfs;..
kNyrpau;fisf; flj;jpa..
 
,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; 6
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; Njhd;wpa ehLfs;
 
may; fpufthrpfs; vq;fpUe;J tUfpwhu;fs;?
 
mnkupf;fhit fyq;f itj;j..
 
Nghypahd gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk;
 
'GS^j;"  njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
;a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
mjprpak; 17(08/01/05)

mjprpak; 18(15/01/05)

mjprpak; 19(22/01/05)

mjprpak; 20(29/01/05)

 

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mwptpay; mjprak;
,ae;jpu NuhNghl; lhq;fp

'kdpjdha; gpwg;gjw;Nf khjtk; nra;jply; Ntz;Lk;" vd;nwhU gonkhop cz;L. Vndd;why; cyfj;ij> r%fj;ij> kw;w capupdq;fis vy;yhk; fhf;ff;$ba> nrk;ikg;gLj;jf;$ba kpfg;ngupa nghWg;G kdpjDf;F cz;L. kdpjDf;Fupa mwpT> rf;jp kdpjDf;F kdpjd; NtWgLfpwJ. kdpjDila Nkd;ikNa ,dk;> mwpthw;wy;> jpwik ,itfspy; mlq;fpAs;sJ. Mdhy; ,e;j kdpj FyNk xd;Wf;nfhd;W Mf;fpukpj;jy;> mbikg;gLj;jy;> Nghup Ljy; ,itfspy; jd; ftdj;ij nrYj;JfpwJ.

rkPgj;jpy; <uhf; tisFlh Nghupy; Vw;gl;l Ntjidfs;> Nrhjidfs; nrhy;ypy; mlq;fh! vd;dntd;why; gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhd Nfhb lhyu;fs; kjpg;Gila cilikfs;> nghUl;fs;> mijtpl yl;rf;fzf;fhd capu;r; Nrjq;fs; Vw;gl;lJjhd;. Kbtpy; ,d;Dk; mikjp Vw;gl;ljh vd;gJ Nfs;tpf;FwpNa. mnkupf;f uhZtk; ngupa mz;zd; ghzpapy; te;J <uhf;fpy; Nghupl;L> mjdhy; khz;ltu;fs; Vuhsk;. ,jdhy; mnkupf;fhtpy; kf;fspilNa ngUk; vjpu;g;Gk; cs;sJ. mnkupf;fhTk; Nghupy; jdJ tPuu;fs; nfhy;yg;gLtij Kw;wpYk; tpUk;gtpy;iy. ,e;j capu;r;Nrjq;fis Fiwf;f jw;NghJ <uhf;fpy; 'jhdpaq;fp fk;g;A+l;lu; NuhNghl; nfhz;l kpypl;lup lhq;fpfs;" kw;Wk; Nghu;GupAk; NuhNghl; tPuu;fis fsk; ,wf;f mnkupf;fh KbT nra;Js;sJ. NuhNghl; tPuu;fis mwpKfg; gLj;Jtjd; %yk; ngupa Kd;Ndw;wk; Vw;gl NghfpwJ.

NuhNghl; tPuuhy; Nghu;f;fsq;fspy; rupahf Nghu; Gupa KbAkh? ,jd; %yk; capu;r;Nrjq;fis Fiwj;J mikjpia Vw;gLj;j KbAkh? vd;w Nfs;tp vOe;Js;sJ. ,Ug;gpDk; kpfg;ngupa ,e;j Rje;jpukhd ,ae;jpu rf;jp ru;tNjr murpaypy; ngUk; khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;Jk;.

gpw;fhyq;fspy; NuhNghl; kdpj Fyj;ijNa mopj;J tpLkh? my;yJ mwpthw;wypy; kdpjFyj;ijNa vQ;rptpLkh? vd;w mr;rKk; kf;fspilNa vOe;Js;sJ.

Nguhrpupau; ];kpj; vd;gtu; ,Jgw;wp $Wifapy;> 'NuhNghl; kdpjidtpl mjpf mwpitg; ngwKbahJ vd;W tpQ;Qhd rl;lj;jpNyNa cs;sJ. ,Ue;jhYk; mLj;j ,UgJ tUlq;fspy; mjd; gyk; mjpfupf;fyhk; vd;W $Wfpwhu;.

NuhNghl; ek;kplk; vjw;fhfTk; Nghuplg; Nghtjpy;iy. ekJ fl;lisf;F Vw;g mit NghupLk;.

<uhf;fpy; tUk; Vg;uy; Kjy; thuj;jpypUe;J mnkupf;fhthy; mwpKfg;gLj;j ,Uf;Fk; 'jhdpaq;fp fk;g;A+l;lu; NuhNghl; nfhz;l kpypl;lup lhq;fpfs;" NghUf;F Maj;jkhfpapUf;fpd;wd. ,jDila Kf;fpa mk;rq;fis ghu;g;Nghk;.

90 nrd;b kPl;lu; (fpl;lj;jl;l xU kPl;lu;) cauk; nfhz;l ,e;j lhq;fpapy; jhdpaq;fp Nghu; MAjq;fisAk; 8 mjpetPd tPbNah Nfkuhf;fs; ,jpy; nghUj;jg;gl;Ls;sd. ,jd; %yk; vjpup uhZtj;jpdupd; 800 kPl;lu; J}uk; tiu cs;s ,yf;if fz;fhzpf;f KbfpwJ. njd;gLfpwtd; ez;gdh my;yJ vjpupah vd;W mwpAk; nrd;rhUk; cz;L. ,J vjpupahf ,Ue;jhy; 'glgl"ntd;W Rl;Lj; js;sptpLk;. Muk;gj;jpy; ,t;tif NuhNghl;Lfs; vjpupfs; itf;Fk; Fz;Lfis fz;lwpe;J nraypof;f nra;a gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

fz;lwpAk; Neuj;jpy; Fz;L ,ij ntbj;jhYk; ngupa ,og;G Vw;gl Nghtjpy;iy. ,g;Gjpa tif ,ae;jpu uhZt tPuupd; tpiy vd;d njupAkh? xU Nfhb &gha;. ,J ypj;jpak; mZ ghl;lupapy; xNu jlit Vw;wg;gl;l kpd;Ndw;wj;jpy; jd;Dila Nuhe;Jg; gzpapy; tyk; tUk; jd;ikf; nfhz;lJ.

,k;khjpupahd Gjpa njhopy;El;gq;fshy; mdhtrpa capu;r;Nrjq;fs; jLf;fg;gLtNjhL uhZtr; nryTk; kpfTk; FiwAk; tha;g;G cs;sJ. Vndd;why; uhZtj;jpy; kdpjDf;F Vw;gLk; nryTfs; NuhNghl;bw;F fpilahJ. tUk; fhyq;fspy; cyfpy; vq;Fk; mikjp epyTtjw;F NuhNghl;bd; gzp ,d;wpikahjjhf ,Uf;Fkh? vd nghWj;jpUe;J ghu;f;fyhk;.




MuQ;R NjhypypUe;J gpsh];bf; nghUl;fs;




tpQ;Qhdpfs; fopTfis vy;yhk; vg;gb cgNahfg; nghUshf khw;w KbAk; vd;W EZf;fkhf Muha;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs;. fopTg; nghUl;fis ekf;F rhjfkhf mwptpay; EZf;fq;fis cgNahfpj;J mNj rkaj;jpy; ,aw;if Rw;Wg;Gw R+oYf;F ghjfkhf khwptplhky; mJ kdpjDf;Nf gad;gLk;gb ep&gpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdu;.

khR vd;gJ fl;Lg;gLj;j Ntz;ba xd;W vd cyf ehLfs; midj;Jk; mjw;F khw;W topKiwfis fz;lwpAk; Kaw;rpapy; Kidg;ghf nray;gLfpd;wd. my;yJ Fiwe;jgl;rk; mJ mjpfk; Vw;glhjthW Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;Gfis cyfpw;F mwpKfg;gLj;jpf;nfhz;b Uf;fpd;wdu; mwptpay; ty;Ydu;fs;. fly; kw;Wk; fhw;W ,itfis khRgLj;Jk; fhu;gd;il Mf;irL 50 rjtpfpjk; ,aw;if vupthAtpypUe;J ntsptplg;gLfpwJ. mnkupf;fhtpd; 95 efuq;fs; fhw;wpy; Vw;gl;bUf;Fk; khRthy; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jdhy; thuj;jpy; ,wg;G tpfpjk; 0.5 rjtpfpjkhf caUfpwJ. ,e;j ,wg;G rjtpfpjk; Fiwthf ,Ue;jhYk;$l mjpf kf;fs; fhw;W kz;ly khRthy; ngUk; ghjpg;gile;Js;sdu;. ,t;tif khRf;fs; thfdq;fs; kw;Wk; njhopw;rhiyfspy; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; ,aw;if vupthAtpdhy; Vw;gLfpwJ.

,jdhy; tpQ;Qhdpfs; jw;nghOJ ,aw;if kw;Wk; Rw;Wg;Gw R+oiy khRg;gLj;jhj tifapy; Rw;Wg;Gw R+oYf;F Vw;w khw;W topKiwfis fz;lwpe;Js;sdu;. cjhuzkhf i`l;u[d; vuprf;jp> R+upa ntg;g Mw;wy; (
Solar Energy;) ,itfs; Rw;Wg;Gwj;jpYk;> fhw;W kz;lyj;jp Yk; ve;jtpj ghjpg;igAk; Vw;gLj;jhJ.

jw;nghOJ MuQ;R goj;NjhypypUe;J gpsh];bf; nghUl;fs; cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gLtJ gw;wp Gjpa Rw;Wg;Gw R+oYf;F ghJfhg;ghd xU Gjpa Kiwia tpQ;Qhdpfs; fz;lwpe;Js;sdu;. mitg;gw;wp ,q;F ghu;g;Nghk;.

,d;iwa mtru cyfpy; nghJthf gpsh];bf; lk;su;> lg;ghf;fs;> ghl;by;fs; Nghd;w nghUl;fs; ngl;Nuhy; foptpypUe;J jahupf;fg;gLfpwJ. mnkupf;fhtpy; cs;s epAahu;f; efupy; ,jhfh (
Ithaca) vd;Dkplj;jpy; cs;s fhu;ndy; gy;fiyf;fof (Cornell University) Muha;r;rpahsu;fs; MuQ;R goj; NjhypypUe;J gpsh];bf; nghUl;fs; jahupg;gij fz;Lgpbj;Js;shu;fs;. MuQ;R goj;Njhy; Rw;Wg;Gwj;jpy; ngl;Nuhiytpl mjpf fhu;gd;il Mf;i]il ntsptpLfpwJ. mNj rkak; ,J ,aw;if vupthAtpdhy; ntspaplg;gLk; fhu;gd;-il-Mf;i]il Nghy; khR Vw;gLj;jtpy;iy. gpsh];bf; jahupf;fg;gad;gLk; ghypku; (Polymer) vd;Dk; nghUs; ypnkhndd; (Limonene Oxide) kw;Wk; fhu;gd;il Mf;i]LfspypUe;J fpilf;fpwJ. fhu;gid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l ypnkhndd; Mf;i]L fpl;lj;jl;l 300-f;Fk; Nkyhd jhtu ,dq;fspypUe;J ngwg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; ,e;j ypnkhndd; Mf;i]L 95 rjtpfpjk; ypnkhndd; MuQ;R NjhypypUe;J fpilf;fpwJ. fhu;ndy; gy;fiyf;fof Nguhrpaupau; [pNahg;iu $Wifapy;> 'MuQ;R Njhypy; fpilf;Fk; vz;nza; gy cgNahfq;fSf;F gad;gLfpwJ. tPl;L cgNahfg; nghUl;fis Rj;jk; nra;tJ> eWkzk; Nghd;witfSf;F cgNahfg;gLj;j KbfpwJ. ,e;j vz;izia ypnkhndd; Mf;i]lhfTk; khw;w KbfpwJ" vd ,tu; tptupf;fpwhu;.

,tu;fs; fz;lwpe;Js;s Gjpa Ntjpf;fyitfs; %yk; ,e;j ypnkhndd; kw;Wk; fhu;gd;il Mf;i]L ,tw;wpd; %yk; ghypnkh ndd; fhu;gNdl; vd;wiof;fg;gLk; Gjpa tif ghypkiuj; jahupf;fpwhu;fs;. ,jd; %yk; ngl;NuhypypUe;J jahupf;fg;gLk; gpsh];bf; Nghd;w jplkhd> cWjpahd gpsh];bf; jahupf;fg; gad;gLfpwJ. mNjhL tpiyAk; Fiwe;J ,Uf;Fk; vd;Wk; $wg;gLfpwJ. vdNt MuQ;R goj;Njhiy ,dpNky; tPl;Lf;F tPL te;J Nrfupj;J nry;yf;$ba fhyk; ntF njhiytpy; ,y;iy.

mjprak; njhlUk;

jfty; njhFg;G:
vk;.N[.vk;.,f;ghy;>
Jgha;.





tpz;zpy; gwf;fj; jahu;




mnkupf;fh> u\;ah cs;gl 16 ehLfs; ,ize;J tpz;ntspapy; ru;tNjr tpz;ntsp Muha;r;rp epiyaj;ij mikj;Js;sd. ,e;j Ma;T epiyaj;ij fl;Lk; gzp kw;Wk; mq;F tPuu;fis mDg;gp Ma;Tfis elj;Jk; gzpfs; mnkupf;fh-u\;ah ehl;L tpz;ntspf;fyq;fs; %yk; eilngw;W tUfpwJ. mnkupf;fh tpz;ntsp Xlq;fs; %yKk; u\pah uhf;nfl; fyq;fs; %yKk; tPuu;fis tpz;ntspf;F mDg;GfpwJ. ,jpy; fle;j 2003 k; Mz;L gpg;utup khjk; 1-e; Njjp mnkupf;fh mDg;gpa nfhyk;gpah tpz;ntsp Xlk; G+kpf;F jpUk;Gk; NghJ tpgj;jpy; rpf;fpaJ. G+kpapy; ,Ue;J tpz;ntspf;F Gwg;gLk; NghJ ,Uk;G jfL xd;W nfhyk;gpah fyj;jpd; ,wf;ifapd; kPJ tpOe;jJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf Vw;gl;l Nfhshwpy; G+kpf;F jpUk;Gk; NghJ ntg;gk; mjpfkhfp nfhyk;gpah fyk; eLthdpy; ntbj;J rpjwpaJ.mnkupf;fhtpd; nlf;rh]; khfhzj;jpd; kPJ 2 yl;rj;J 3 Mapuk; mb cauj;jpy; gwe;j NghJ ,e;j tpgj;J ele; jJ. mg;NghJ nfhyk;gpah fyk; kzpf;F 12 Mapuj;J 500 iky; Ntfj;jpy; G+kpia Nehf;fp te;J nfhz;L ,Ue;jJ.

,e;j tpgj;Jf;F gpwF mnkupf;fh jdJ tpz;ntsp Xlq;fis ,af;Ftij epWj;jp itj;jJ. tpz; ntsp Xlq;fspy; cs;s Fiw ghLfis eptu;j;jp nra;Ak; gzpfs; ,Jtiu ele;jJ. nfhyk;gpah Nghd;W mLj;J tpz;ntspf;F mDg;g ,Uf;Fk; b];ftup Xlj;Jf;Fk; gpur;rpidfs; tuhky; ,Uf;f midj;J ghJfhg;G Vw;ghLfSk; nra;ag;gl;ld. ghJfhg;G Nrhjidfs; Kbe;J jw;NghJ gwf;ftpLk; ,lj;Jf;F tpz;fyk; nfhz;L nry;yg;gl;Ls;sJ.

mq;F eilngWk; tof;fkhd Nrhjidfs; Kbe;j gpwF mNefkhf Nk khjk; my;yJ [{d; khjk; b];ftup tpz;zpy; gwf;f tplg;gLk; vd;W vjpu;ghu;f;fg;gLfpwJ.

b];ftupapd; ,e;j gazj;jpw;F vyPdh fhypd;]; vd;w tpz;ntsp tPuhq;fid jiytpahf ,Ug;ghu;. tpz;fyj;ij N[k;]; nfy;yp Xl;Lthu;.Ma;Tg;gzpfs; kw;Wk; tpz;ntspapy; ele;J nrd;W Nrhjidfs; nra;Ak; gzpapy; ntd;b yhud;];>];Bgd; uhgpd;rd;> Mz;l;& jhk];> rhu;y]; fhkhu;lh> rpNahrp NehFrp Mfpa tPuu;fs; <LgLthu;fs;. fy;gdh rht;yh cs;gl 7 tPuu;fis gyp thq;fpa nfhyk;gpah tpgj;Jf;F gpwF eilngWk; Kjy; tpz;ntsp Xlj;jpd; gazk; ,J vd;gjhy; kpFe;j vjpu; ghu;g;ig ,J Vw;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpwJ.




 

 

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