MJM Iqbal's Articles

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Issue date : 02/10/2004

mwptpay; GJik

         
 

Ke;ija ,jo;fs;

cq;fsisr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; fz;fs;
nrd;]hu; cyfk;
mwptpay; mjprpak;;
,dp vy;NyhUNk 'rhk;gpad;"fs; jhd;
n[f[hy [d;dy;fs;
njhiyNgrp %yk; tPl;L epu;thfk;
fk;a+l;lu; tPLfs;..
kNyrpau;fisf; flj;jpa..
 
,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; 6
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; Njhd;wpa ehLfs;
 
may; fpufthrpfs; vq;fpUe;J tUfpwhu;fs;?
 
mnkupf;fhit fyq;f itj;j..
 
Nghypahd gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk;
 
'GS^j;"  njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
mjprpak; 5(09/10/04)

 

 

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vd;Wk; ,sik

gue;J tpupe;j ,e;j cyfpy; vy;iyNa ,y;yhjJ vJ vd;W Nfl;lhy; - 'kdpjdpd; Mir"> vd;gJ gjpyhf tuf;$Lk;. gpwe;jjpy; ,Ue;J kuzj;ij re;jpf;Fk; tiu Mirfis Njb kdpjd; Xbf;nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpwhd;.

kdpj kdk; tprpj;jpukhdJ. mjd; MirfSk; MSf;F Ms; khWgLk;. Mdhy;> vy;NyhUf;Fk; nghJthd Mir xU rpy ,Uf;Fk;. mJ jhd; - 'vd;Wk; khwhj ,sikAld; ePz;l fhyk; capu; tho Ntz;Lk;."

etPd kUj;Jtj;jpd; %yk; Neha;fs; ,d;wp kdpjd; tho topfz;lwpag;gl;Ls;sJ. xUtupd; ,Ujak; gOjhfpg; Nghdhy; mij ntl;b vwpe;J tpl;L khw;W ,Ujak; nghUj;Jk; msTf;F kUj;Jt Jiw Kd;Ndwp ,Uf;fpwJ. ,jw;F mLj;j fl;lkhf nraw;if ,Ujaj;ij nghUj;Jk; msTf;F kUj;Jt Ma;Tfs; Kd;Ndwp cs;sd.

,j;jifa Ma;Tfspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ> 'kdpjd; ePz;l fhyk; ,sikAld; tho vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk;?" vd;gJ jhd;. ,J njhlu;ghf ele;J tUk; Ma;Tfs; Fwpj;Jk; mjpy; ntspahfp ,Uf;Fk; Mr;rupakhd KbTfs; Fwpj;Jk; ,e;j thu mwptpay; mjprak; gFjpapy; fhzyhk;.

,iwtdpd; gilg;gpy; xt;nthU capupdj;Jf;Fk; jdpg;gl;l ruhrup MAl;fhyk; cs;sJ. <ry;fs; xU ehs; kl;LNk capu; thOk;. Mikfs; 300 Mz;Lfs; tiu capNuhL ,Uf;Fk;.

kdpjdpd; MAl;fhyk; vd;gJ (xU fhyj;jpy;) ruhrupahf 40 tUlk; vd;wpUe;jJ. ,d;W kUj;Jt Jiwapy; Vw;gl;l tsu;r;rp %yk; 100 taJ tiu kdpjd; tho;tjw;F top tif nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. gy tpjkhd Neha; jLg;G Kiwfs;> etPd kUj;Jt rpfpr;irfs;> khw;W mWit rpfpr;ir Nghd;wit %yk; kdpjdpd; MAl;fhyk; mjpfupj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpwJ.

ePz;l fhyk; tho;e;jhy; kl;Lk; NghJkh? cly; cWjpAk; RWRWg;ghf ,Uf;Fk; cly; eyKk; mtrpak;jhNd.

Mdhy; tajhf tajhf Njhy; RUq;FfpwJ. czT rupahf [Puzk; Mtjpy;iy. xOq;fhf J}f;fk; tUtjpy;iy. cly; jpwDk; Fiwe;J NghfpwJ. ,ijnay;yhk; ePf;fp vd;Wk; khwhj ,sikAld; 100 taJ tiu tho vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk;?

,Jjhd; ,d;iwa kUj;Jt tpQ;Qhdpfspd; Kf;fpa Ma;Tf;fskhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,J njhlu;ghd Ma;tpy; Kjy; fl;lkhf taJ Vw Vw ekJ clypy; Vw;gLk; khw;wq;fs; vd;d? vd;W Muha;e;jdu;.

mg;NghJ clypy; cs;s 'jpR"f; fs; mope;J Nghtjhy;jhd; clypy; ,sik Fiwe;J '%g;G" jd;ik Vw;gLtJ njupe;jJ. jpRf;fs; mope;J NghdhYk; clDf;Fld; Gjpa jpRf;fis cly; cw;gj;jp nra;fpwJ. ,Ug;gpDk; taJ Mf Mf jpRf;fspd; cw;gj;jp jpwd; FiwfpwJ. ekJ clypd; ghfq;fs; rpijtJ mjpfkhfpwJ.

 

Vd; ,Jkhjpupahd ghjpg;GfSf;F ehk; MshfpNwhk;? ,aw;ifahf kdpjDf;F Vw;gLk; '%g;G" jd;ikia jLf;Fk; top Kiwfs; vd;d vd;W tpQ;Qhdpfs; Ma;T elj;jpdhu;fs;.

cly; vd;gJ xU Neu;j;jpahd gilg;G. ,Ue;jhYk;> mjd; ghfq;fs; rpijAk; jd;ik nfhz;lJ. capupay; khw;wq;fshy; mit gOjilAk; jd;ikAk; nfhz;lit. ,e;jf; fhuzq;fis itj;J ghu;f;Fk;NghJ> ekJ cliy kuG nghwpapay; (n[dbf; vd;[pdPaupq;) %ykhf Nkk;gLj;j KbAk;. jLg;G kw;Wk; kWnropg;G (
Prevention and Re-Generative  - gpuptd;rd; mz;L uPn[d Nul;bt;) kw;Wk; %g;G jLg;G kUe;Jfs; %yk; kdpj cliy guhkupj;J ,sikia ePl;bf;fr; nra;a KbAk;.

NkYk; gOjile;j cly; ghfq;fis gOJ ghu;j;jy; kw;Wk; khw;Wtjd; %yk; cly; MNuhf;fpaj;ijAk; jf;f itj;Jf;nfhs;s KbAk;. ,jd;gb ,d;Dk; rpy Mz;Lfspy; kdpj cly; '%g;G' fhuzkhf kuzpg;gij js;spg;Nghl KbAk;. mjpf mstpy; ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; xU Jsp msthtJ MAs; mjpfupj;jhy;$l mJ ntw;wpapd; Kjy; gbf;fl;lhf ,Uf;Fk;.

,e;j ntw;wpia mila tpQ;Qhdpfs; kUj;Jtk; - nghwpapay;> capu; nghwpapay; Mfpa njhopy;El; gj;ij xUq;fpizj;J Ma;Tfs; elj;jp tUfpd;wdu;. mJgw;wpa tptuk; tUkhW:-

ek;gfj;jd;ik nfhz;l nghwpapay; mZFKiw

%g;G (tajhtJ) vd;why; vd;d? vd;gij ek;gfj;jd;ik nfhz;l nghwpapay; mZFKiw (
The Reliability Engineering Approach) %yk; tpQ;Qhdpfs; tpsf;fpAs;sdu;.

ek;gf;fj;jd;ik nfhs;ifapd;gb - tajhtJ my;yJ %g;giltJ 'gOjilAk; fhuzq;fs;" %yk; Vw;gLfpwJ vd;gjhFk;. VjhtJ xd;wpw;F tajhfpf; nfhz;bUe;jhy; ,d;iwa epiyia tpl ehisa epiyapy; mjw;F ghjpg;G mjpfkhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;gJjhd; ek;gfj;jd;ik nfhs;ifahFk;.

fhyk; nry;yr; nry;y gOjilAk; tpfpjk; mjpf khfhky; ,Ue;jhy; '%g;G" vd;gNj ,Uf;fhJ vd;fpwJ ,e;jf; nfhs;if.

kdpjDk; ve;jpuKk;

xU kdpjDf;F tajhf tajhf cly; cWg;Gfs; ghjpf;fg;gLjy; tajhFjy; Nghd;wit Vw;gLtJ Nghy njhopy;El;g rhjdq;fs; kw;Wk; tPl;L cgNahfg; nghUl;fSk; ehs; Mf Mf gOjilfpd;wd. mjd; cjpupg; ghfq;fSk; nray; ,oe;J Nghfpd;wd. ,e;j ,uz;Lf;Fk; vt;thW %g;G - gOJfs; ghjpf;fpd;wd vd;W Muha;e;jhy; rpy xw;Wikfs; njupAk;.
 

,e;j ,uz;bYk; gOjilAk; tpfpjk; ,q;Fs;s tiuglk; %yk; tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jpy; cs;s tisTfs; (fpuh/g;) Foe;ij ,wg;G tpfpjk; rf[khf Ntiy nra;jy;  kw;Wk; tajhFk; fhy msT vd 3 gFjpfshf gpupj;J fhz;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

,ae;jpuq;fspd; tho;f;if Kiwia vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; mit Muk;gj;jpy; ,aq;Fk; Ntfk;> fhy msT FiwthfNt ,Uf;Fk;. NkYk;> mit gOjilAk; tpfpjKk; mjpf khfNt ,Uf;Fk;. cjhuzkhf> Gjpjhf xU 'igf;" thq;Fk;NghJ njhlf;fj;jpy; 40 fpNyh kPl;lu; Ntfj;Jf;F Nky; Nghf Ntz;lhk;. tz;b vd;[Pd; 'goFk;" tiu mjw;F mjpf Ntiy nfhLf;f Ntz;lhk; vd;W $WtJz;L. NkYk; me;j Gjpa thfdk; ed;whf 'goFk;" tiu rpy;yiu gOJfs; Vw;gLtJk; rf[khf ,Uf;Fk;.

,NjNghyj;jhd; kdpjd; - ve;jpuk; ,uz;Lk; njhlf;f fhyj;jpy; Neha;fisAk;> gOJfisAk; re;jpf;fpd;wd. ehsiltpy; Neha;fs; - gOJfs; Fiwe;J tpLk;. rpy Neuq;fspy; cjpup ghfq; fs; Kw;wpYk; gOjile;J ve;jpuk; ,aq;FtJ epd;WtpLk;. mJNghy Foe;ij gUtj;jpy; rpyUf;F Vw;gLk; jpBu; Neha; fhuzkhf kuzk; Vw;gLfpwJ. kdpj tho;tpy; ,ijj;jhd; Foe;ij ,wg;G fhyk;  vd;W miof;fpwhu;fs;.

kdpjd; kw;Wk; ,ae;jpuq;fs; jq;fs; tho;f;ifapd; Muk;gj;jpy; gpur;rpidfis re;jpj;jhYk; rpy Mz;Lfs; fopj;J mit rf[khf ,aq;fj; njhlq;Fk;. xU Foe;ij gpwe;jjpy; ,Ue;J 5 taJ tiu Neha; tha;g;gLtJ rf[khf ,Uf;Fk;. mjd; gpwF me;j Foe;ijf;F Neha; jhf;Fjy; Vw;gLk; tpfpjk; Fiwe;JtpLk;. mJNghy xU ve;jpuKk; njhlf;fj;jpy; 'gpur;rpid' Vw;gLj;jpdhYk; fhyg;Nghf;fpy; njhlu;e;J ,aq;F tjd; %yk; ve;j gpur;rpid fisAk; juhJ.
 

,ij tpQ;Qhdpfs; rf[ Ntiyf;fhyk;  vd;fpwhu;fs;. kdpj tho;f;ifapy; 5 taJf;F gpwF 10 Kjy; 15 Mz;Lfs; tiu rf[ Ntiyf;fhykhFk;. ,e;j fhy fl;lj;jpy; rpyUf;F ghjpg;G Vw;gLtJk; cz;L.

ek;gfj;jd;ik nfhs;ifapd; fzf;fpay;

ek;gfj;jd;ikf; nfhs;ifapd; fzf;fpay; $w;wpd;gb xU kdpjd; my;yJ ve;jpuk; %g;G vjpu;g;G kw;Wk; gOjilahj cjpupg;ghfq;fs; %yk; mikf;fg;gl;bUe;jhYk; tajhf tajhf xU epiyahd tpfpjj;jpy; Nrjk; (Nja; khdk;) milfpwJ. kdpju;fSf;F Neha; (itu];) ghjpg;G ve;jpuq;fSf;F fjpu; tPr;R  Nghd;wit Kf;fpa fhuzkhf mikfpwJ.

gu;fpd;\d; vd;w kUj;Jt tpQ;Qhdp Nkw;fz;l Ma;Tfs; %yk; kdpj %is nry;ypd; ,wg;G tpfpjk; midj;J tajpdUf;Fk; xNu khjpupahfj;jhd; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ njupate;Js;sJ. ,Nj Nghy clk;gpy; cs;s Kf;fpakhd nray;fSf;F fhuzkhd cly; cWg;GfSf;F tajhtjpy;iy. gy jpRf;fs; vj;jid tajhdhYk; Nrjkhfhky; GjpjhfNt ,Uf;fpwJ. vdNt> cgup jd;ikfs; %yk; kdpj cly; %g;giltjpy; ,Ue;J jLf;f KbAk; vd;w Muha;r;rpfs; jPtpuk; mile;Js;sd.

(mLj;j thuk; vd;Wk; ,sikAld; ,Uf;f cjTk; kUe;Jfs; gw;wp Muha;r;rp jfty;fs; ,lk;ngWfpwJ)

(mjprak; njhlUk;)

jfty; njhFg;G:
vk;.N[.vk;.,f;ghy;>
Jgha;.

gpw;fhy tho;f;if

kdpj tho;f;ifapy; tajhFk; fhyk; 20 tajpNyNa njhlq;fp tpLfpwJ. mjd; gpwF cly; tsu;r;rp miltJ Fiwe;J 'Nja;khdk" mjpfkhfpwJ. capupaypy; ,ij gpw;fhy tho;f;if KbT fhyk;  vd;fpwhu;fs;. ,JkdpjDf;F kl;Lky;y kdpjdhy; jahupf;fg;gLk; ve;jpuq;fSf;Fk; ,Nj epiyjhd; Vw;gLfpwJ.

mLj;jJ taJf; nfhs;ifahFk;. xt;nthU ehl;bYk; ruhrup MAl;fhyk; khWgLfpwJ. mjhtJ> ,uz;lhk; cyfg;Nghupd; NghJ (1950) ,e;jpahtpy; eLj;ju tajpy; ,wg;gtu;fs; vz;zpf;if ehu;Nt ehl;Lld; xg;gpLifapy; mjpfkhf ,Ue;jJ. mNj Neuj;jpy; 80-89 taJf;Fl;gl;ltu;fspd; ,wg;G tpfpjk; ,uz;L ehl;bYk; Vwf;Fiwa rk epiyapy; fhzg;gl;lJ.

5 Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; tho KbAk;

kdpjdpd; ruhrup MAl;fhyk; 58 Mz;Lfs;. kdpjd; gpwe;jjpy; ,Ue;J 10 taJtiu mtdJ cly; kw;Wk; cly; cWg;Gfs; mjpNtfkhf tsu;r;rpailfpd;wd. 11-k; tajpy; ,Ue;J ekJ clypd; ghfq;fs; Nrjk; milaj; njhlq;Ffpd;wd.

10 tajpy; ekJ cly; $W vg;gb cs;sNjh mJ Nghy guhkupj;jhy; kdpjdpd; ruhrup MAl;fhyk; vt;tsT ,Uf;Fk; njupAkh?

kaf;fk; mile;J tplhjPu;fs;. 5 Mapuk; Mz;Lfs;. NghJklh rhkp 58 taJ Mtjw;Fs; NghJk; NghJk; vd;whfp tpLfpwJ. 5 Mapuk; tUlk; tho;tjh? vd;W rypj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;lhk;.

tpQ;Qhd Ma;Tfspd;gb xU kdpjDf;F kuzk; Vw;gLtjw;fhd rhj;jpaf;$Wfs; 8 Mz;LfSf;F xU Kiw ,ul;bg;ghfpwJ. ('vl;L vl;lhf kdpj tho;f;ifiag; gpupj;Jf;nfhs;" vd ftpQu; ghbaJ ,jd; mbg;gilapy;jhNdh!)

 

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