MJM Iqbal's Articles

valoothoor.com

Issue date : 16/10/2004

mwptpay; GJik

         
 

Ke;ija ,jo;fs;

 fhu; jahupg;gpy; rPdpf;fpoq;F
 vd;Wk; ,sik
cq;fsisr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; fz;fs;
nrd;]hu; cyfk;
mwptpay; mjprpak;;
,dp vy;NyhUNk 'rhk;gpad;"fs; jhd;
n[f[hy [d;dy;fs;
njhiyNgrp %yk; tPl;L epu;thfk;
fk;a+l;lu; tPLfs;..
kNyrpau;fisf; flj;jpa..
 
,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; 6
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; Njhd;wpa ehLfs;
 
may; fpufthrpfs; vq;fpUe;J tUfpwhu;fs;?
 
mnkupf;fhit fyq;f itj;j..
 
Nghypahd gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk;
 
'GS^j;"  njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
mjprpak; 7(30/10/04)

 

 

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kpd;rhu fk;gpfs; %yk; ,d;lu;nel; ,izg;Gfs;

jfty; njhlu;G Jiwapy; ',d;lu;nel'' vdg;gLk; (,izak; rhu;e;j) njhopy;El;gk; kpf Kf;fpa ,lj;ij gpbj;Js;sJ. fbjq;fs;> Ngf;];> njhiyNgrp %yk; jfty;fis gupkhwpf; nfhz;lJ Nghy; jw;NghJ ,iza jsq;fs; %yk; jfty;fs; gupkhw;wk;> kpd; mQ;ry;fs; mDg;Gjy;> ngWjy; Nghd;wit mjpfupj;J tUfpwJ.

xUtu; ,d;lu;nel; trjpfis mjw;fhd ikaq;fspy; ngwyhk;. my;yJ mYtyfk;> tPLfspy; mjw;fhd trjpfis nra;J nfhs;syhk;. ,d;lu;nel; ,izg;ig ngw nlypNghd; ,izg;G mtrpakhFk;. jw;NghJ nlypNghd; ,izg;G ,y;yhky; tPLfSf;F kpd;rhuk; toq;Fk; kpd; fk;gk; %yk; ,d;lu;nel; ,izg;Gfis toq;Fk; Ma;Tfs; ele;J tUfpwJ.

kpd;rhu fk;gpfs; %yk; ,d;lu;nel; ,izg;Gfs; ngWtJ njhlu;ghd mwptpay; jfty;fs; ,e;j thu mwptpay; mjprak; gFjpapy; ,lk; ngWfpwJ.

mwptpay; njhopy;El;gk; ehnshU NkdpAk; nghOnjhU tz;zKkhf tsu;e;J tUfpwJ. xt;nthU ehSk; Gjpa Gjpa njhopy; El;gq;fs; mwpKfg; gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd.

Kjypy; xU Gjpa njhopy;El;gk; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk; nghOJ mjpy; eilKiw rpf;fy;fs; Vw;glj;jhd; nra;Ak;. mtw;iw fzf;fpy; vLj;Jf;nfhs;shky; mij nray;gLj;Jk; Kidg;gpy; jhd; jPtpuk; fhl;lg;gLfpwJ. ehsiltpy; rpf;fy;fs;> jilfs; ePf;fg;gl;L mij Nkk;gLj;Jtjpy; mjpf <LghL fhl;lg;gLk;.

me;j tifapy; kpd;rhu fk;gp %yk; ,d;lu;nel; ,izg;Gfis toq;FtJ Fwpj;j Ma;Tfs; eilngw;W tUfpd;wd.

FWfpa fhyj;jpy; mgupkpjkhd tsu;r;rpia ,d;lu;nel; ngw;Ws;sJ. tsUk; ehLfspy; %iy KLf;Ffspy; $l ,d;lu;nel; trjp fpilf;Fk; msTf;F Kd;Ndw;wk; Vw;gl;bUf;fpwJ.

nlypNghd; ,izg;G %yk; kl;LNk ,d;lu;nel; trjpia ngw KbAk; vd;w epiyia khw;wp kpd;rhu fk;gp topahfTk; ,d;lu;nel; trjpia mspf;f KbAk; vd;W tpQ;Qhdpfs; $Wfpd;wdu;.
 

kpd;rhu fk;gp %yk; jfty; njhlu;G Vw;gLj;Jk; Ma;T 1950-k; Mz;by; kpf jPtpukhf ,Ue;jJ. 'gpuhl;Ngz;l;"  vd;W miof;fg;gLk; Kiw %yk; kpd; fk;gpfis gad;gLj;jp jfty; njhlu;G trjpfis cUthf;f jPtpu Ma;Tfs; eilngw;wJ.

,e;j epiyapy; '`hk;' NubNah MgNul;lu;fs; kpd;rhu tbfhy; (
outlet) fis ,izajs Jiw (port)fshf khw;Wk; KiwfSf;F tpj;jpl;ltu;fs;. ,jd; mbg;gilapy; kpd;rhu fk;gpfs; %yk; re;jhjhuu;fSf;F ,izajs Nritfis nfhLf;f KbAk;. ,e;j Kiwf;F b.v];.vy;. (D.S.L. - Digital subscriber line) vd;W ngau;. xNu fk;gpapy; kpd;rhuk; kw;Wk; ,izajs Nritfis gad;gLj;Jtjd; %yk; Fiwe;j fl;lzj;jpy; nghJkf;fs; gyd; ngwKbAk;.

NkYk; kpd;rhuk; ,y;yhj gFjpNa ,y;iy vd;W nrhy;yf;$ba msTf;F vy;yh ,lq;fSf;Fk; kpd;rhuk; toq;fg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy;> njhiyNgrp trjp ,y;yhj gy fpuhkq;fs; cs;sd. mg;gbgl;l ,lq;fSf;F kpd; fk;gpfs; %yk; ,d;lu;nel; Nritia vspjpy; mspf;fyhk;.

kpd;rhu fk;gp %yk; ,d;lu;nel; trjp mspf;Fk; tifapy; 'rhjdk;" xd;W cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,ij gy;NtW fk;g;a+l;lu; epWtdq;fSk; kpd;dZ nghUl;fs; jahupf;Fk; epWtdq;fSk; jahupf;fpd;wd.

ekJ tPl;Lf;F kpd;rhu ,izg;G jUk; kpd; fk;gj;jpy; ,e;j rhjdj;ij nghUj;jp tpl;lhy; NghJk; tPl;Lf;F kpd;rhu ,izg;G tUtJNghy ,d;lu;nel; ,izg;Gk; fpilj;JtpLk;.

Mg;gps; fk;g;a+l;lu; epWtdk; 'Vu;Nghu;l; vf;];gpu]"' vd;w Gjpa rhjdj;ij jahupj;Js;sJ. ,ij kpd; fk;gp Nkhlj;Jld; ,izj;J tpl;lhy; fk;gpapy;yh njhlu;G trjpia ve;j xU kpd; rhf;nfl;bYk; nghUj;jpf; nfhs;syhk;.
 

,e;j trjpfis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L gy mnkupf;f epWtdq;fs; Nrhjid Kiwapy; kpd; fk;gp %yk; jfty; njhlu;Gfis Vw;gLj;Jk; jpl;lj;ij njhlq;fpAs;sd. fypNghu;dpahtpy; ,Ue;J rpndu;[p> vbrd; Nghd;w kpd; rf;jp epWtdq;fs; ,jw;fhd Ma;Tj;jpl;lj;jpy; jPtpuk; fhl;b tUfpd;wd.

NkYk; gy tpjkhd Kd;Ndw;wq;fSf;F top tFf;fg;NghFk; ,e;j jpl;lj;jpy; gpugy epWtdq;fSk; ,ize;Js;sd.

kpd; fk;gp %yk; ,d;lu;nel; ,izg;Gfis toq;FtjpYk; gy njhopy;El;g rpf;fy;fs;> ,ila+Wfs; Vw;glj;jhd; nra;jd. jfty;fis ngWtjpy; Vw;gl;l ',iur;ry;" ,jpy; xU Kf;fpa gpur;rpidahf ,Ue;jJ. jw;NghJ cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;s etPd fUtpfs; %yk; njspthd Kiwapy; jfty;fis ngw KbfpwJ.

,e;j njhopy;El;gk; jq;fSf;F ,ila+whf ,Ug;gjhf '`hk;" NubNah MgNul;lu;fs; Gfhu; $wpdhu;fs;. NkYk; tpkhd epiya jfty; njhlu;Gfspy; gad;ghl;Lf;Fk; ,e;j njhopy;El;gk; FWf;fPLfs; Vw;gLj;Jtjhf $wg;gl;lJ. ,ijj; njhlu;e;J FiwghLfs; ,y;yhj tifapy; ,izg;Gfisj; jUk; fUtpfs; tbtikf;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wd.
 

vjpu;fhyj;jpy; kpd; fk;gpfs; %yk; ,d;lu;nel; ,izg;G trjp fpilf;Fk; NghJ ekJ ehl;by; Fwpg;ghf fpuhkg;Gwq;fspy; $l ,d;lu;nel; vd;gJ ru;trhjhuzkhfptpLk;. NkYk; ,d;lu;nel; trjpiaj; Njb ntspapy; vq;Fk; nry;y Ntz;bajpy;iy. Fiwe;j nrytpy; ekJ tPl;bNyNa me;j trjpia ngwKbAk;.

,e;j tpQ;Qhd Kd;Ndw;wj;jpd; %yk; cyfNk xt;nthU tPl;bw; Fs;Sk; Rod;W nfhz;bUf;Fk; tha;g;G rhjhuzkhfptpLk;. Fwpg;ghf tptrhapfspd; tPl;by;$l.

,dpNky; kpd;rhu fk;gpfs; kpd; tpsf;Ffis xspu itf;f kl;Lky;y cq;fs; mwpitAk; xspu itf;f tUfpwJ.

(mjprak; njhlUk;)

jfty; njhFg;G:
vk;.N[.vk;.,f;ghy;>
Jgha;.

ed;ikfs; gy

gtu; iyd; fk;a+dpNfrd; vdg;gLk; kpd; fk;gp %yKk; jfty; njhlu;G trjpapd; %yKk; gy ed;ikfis ehk; ngw KbAk;. mtw;wpy; rpy...

* kpd;rhu fk;gpfs; %yk; tPLfSf;F> mYtyfq;fSf;F kpd; ,izg;G nfhLf;fg;gl;L kpd; tpsf;F vuptJ Nghy kpd;rhu fk;gpia gad;gLj;jp mjd; %yk; jfty;fis mDg;gyhk;> ngwyhk;.

* fl;blq;fs;> thfdq;fs; Nghd;wtw;wpYk; ,ij gad;gLj;j KbAk;.

* Vw;fdNt cs;s kpd;rhu ,izg;ig gad;gLj;jp ,e;j trjpia ngw KbAk;. ,jd; fhuzkhf nryTfs; FiwAk;. (Gjpjhf ,d;lu;nel; ,izg;G ngw nlypNghd; nryT cs;gl gy nryTfs; Mfpd;wd. kpd; fk;gp %yk; ,d;lu;nel; trjp ngWk; NghJ me;j nryTfs; ,Uf;fhJ.)

* ,ij guhkupf;f nryT vJTk; ,y;iy.

* gOjiltJ> NfhshWfs; Vw;gLtJ Nghd;wit kpf FiwT.
 
1920-k; Mz;by;...

1920-k; Mz;L mnkupf;f epWtdk; xd;W kpd;rhu fk;gpia gad;gLj;jp jfty;fis gupkhwpf;nfhs;Sk; Kiwia mwpKfg;gLj;jpaJ. jdp njhiyNgrp ,izg;G vJTk; ,d;wp kpd; flj;jpfs; cjtpAld; ,e;j gupkhw;wk; eilngw;wJ. ,e;j gupkhw;wk; Fiwe;j nryT kw;Wk; ghJfhg;G kpFe;jjhf ,Ue;jJ.

,e;jpahtpy; 1950-k; Mz;L ,e;j Kiw gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. 30 Kjy; 50 fpNyh n`u;l;]; msT miytupir nfhz;l xyp miyfis kpd; fk;gp %yk; mDg;g mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 

 

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