MJM Iqbal's Articles

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Issue date : 06/05/2006

mwptpay; GJik

  Ke;ija ,jo;fs;  

nraw;if Nfhs; kw;Wk; uhlhu; cjtpAld; ghu;itaw;wtu;fSf;F cjTk; etPd fUtp

 
 
nraw;if Nfhs; kw;Wk; uhlhu; cjtpAld;
ghu;itaw;wtu;fSf;F cjTk; etPd fUt
p
vq;Nf epk;kjp...
nrt;tha; fpufj;Jf;Fr; nry;Yk; tpkhdk;

tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh.

CdKw;wtu;fSf;F cjTk; 'nraw;if if"

cyfpNyNa mjp Ntfkhd 'Nuhgl;"

etPd ePr;ry; fUtp

epytpy; NkhJk; tpz;fyk;

xsp ckpOk; glq;fis mr;R nra;Ak; etPd gpupz;lu;

gwf;Fk; fg;gy;

G+kpia Muha kpjf;Fk; Ma;T epiyak;

Gwh tpLk; J}J
njhiy njhlu;G fz;fhzpg;G
gwf;Fk; Fl;b NuhNghl;
G+fk;gj;ij Kd;$l;bNa ....
mjpetPd njhopy; El;gj;jpy; G+fk;g.
ikl;b kT]; NuhNghl;
nraw;if gdpr;rWf;F G+q;fh

%isapy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;Gfisg;gw;wpa Muha;r;rp

,jaNeha; rpfpr;ir
fk;g;A+l;lH fz;fs;

 
fk;g;a+l;lu;iffs;

,ae;jpu NuhNghl; lhq;fp

caukhd fl;blq;fs; fl;Ltjhy; g+fk;gk; Vw;gLfpwjh?

kwjp ,y;yhj kdpjd;
jiyf;Fs; Mzp
tpiuthd Nrhjid
mwptpay; mjprpak; 12
fhe;j %yk; %isapd; cs;fhl;rpfs;
fyf;fy; fz;Lgpbg;Gfs;
kUj;Jtj;jpy; fk;g;a+l;lu;fs;
tpkhdq;fspy; fk;g;a+l;lu;
#g;gu; tpkhdq;fs;
kpd;rhu fk;gpfs;  %yk; ,d;lu;nel;
 fhu; jahupg;gpy; rPdpf;fpoq;F
 vd;Wk; ,sik
cq;fsisr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; fz;fs;
nrd;]hu; cyfk;
mwptpay; mjprpak;;
,dp vy;NyhUNk 'rhk;gpad;"fs; jhd;
n[f[hy [d;dy;fs;
njhiyNgrp %yk; tPl;L epu;thfk;
fk;;a+l;lu; tPLfs;..
kNyrpau;fisf; flj;jpa..
 
,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; 6
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; Njhd;wpa ehLfs;
 
may; fpufthrpfs; vq;fpUe;J tUfpwhu;fs;?
 
mnkupf;fhit fyq;f itj;j..
 
Nghypahd gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk;
 
'GS^j;"  njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
;a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
mjprpak; 17(08/01/05)

mjprpak; 18(15/01/05)

 

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ghu;itaw;wtu;fs; vd;whNy mtu;fsJ cyfNk ,Ul;L jhd; vd;W ehk; epidf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mtu;fSk; jq;fsJ Cdj;ij kPwp vz;zw;w gy rhjidfis gilj;J tUfpd;wdu;.

,g;nghOJ gy;NtW tifahd gzpfs;> tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;bfs; Nghd;wtw;wpy; ghu;it ,oe;jtu;fs; fye;J nfhs;fpwhu;fs;. ghu;itaw;w tu;fSf;F vd;W fpupf;nfl; Nghl;b> jlfs Nghl;bfs; elj;jg;gLfpwJ vd;why; ghu;j;Jf;nfhs;Sq;fNsd;.

,g;gb gytiffspy; mtu;fSk; ,lk;> R+o;epiyfs; kw;Wk; trjp tha;g;GfSf;F Vw;g VjhtJ xd;wpd; JizNahL tho;f;ifia efu;j;jpf; nfhz;Ljhd; ,Uf;fpd; whu;fs;.

ahuhtJ JizNahL my;yJ ,jw;fhfNt nry;yg;gpuhzpahd ehapd; cjtpNahL ntspapy; nrd;W tu KbfpwJ. fz; ghu;it aw;wtu;fs; xU NgUe;jpy; Vwpdhy; $l me;jg;NgUe;jpd; `hud; rg;jj;ij itj;Nj 'jk;gp! tUtJ 12 k; ek;gu; g];jhNd" vd;nwy;yhk; Nfl;ghu;fs;.

,g;gbj;jhd; mtu;fs; jq;fSila tho;f;ifia gof;fg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs;. rpyNgu; NgUe;jpy; Vwpdhy; jhd; ,wq;f Ntz;ba ,lj;ij xt;nthU epWj;jkhf vz;zpf;nfhz;L tUthu;fs;. ,njy;yhk; ekf;nfy;yhk; rpukkhfj; njupe;jhYk; ,J mtu;fSila thbf;ifahfptpl;lJ.

mjw;F gpwF mtu;fSf;fhfNt cjTtjw;F epiwa fUtpfs; etPd njhopy; El;gj;jpd; cjtpAld; te;Jtpl;ld.

g;iuyp
(Braille) cjtpAld; mtu;fs; ,g;nghOJ gbf;f KbfpwJ. ghu;it ,oe;jtu;fs; gad;gLj;Jk; tifapy; fk;gAl;lu; jahupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. rhjuz kf;fisg; NghyNt mtu;fSk; vijAk; nra;af;$ba mstpw;F nfhz;Ltu Ntz;Lk; vd;W mwptpay; ty;Ydu;fs; tplhKaw;rpAld; Nghuhbf; nfhz;L tUfpd;wdu;.



ahUila cjtpAk; ,y;yhky; mtu;fis jd;dpr;irahf ,aq;Ftjw;F Vw;g epiwa fUtpfs; te;Jtpl;ld. te;Jf;nfhz; bUf;fpd;wd. ,g;nghOJ
GPS (Global Positioning System) nraw;if Nfhs;fs; kw;Wk; uhlhu; cjtpAld; mtu;fs; gad;gLj;Jk; xU E}jdf; fUtp te;jpUf;fpwJ. mijg; gw;wp mwpe;J nfhs;Nthk;.

jw;NghJ tpQ;Qhdpfs; ghu;itaw;wtu;fSf;F xU Gjpa Kiwia fz;Lgpbj;Js;sdu;. nraw;if Nfhs;fs; kw;Wk; uhlhu;fs; %yk; ghu;itaw;wtu;fs; ahUila cjtpAk; ,d;wp tpUk;gpa ,lq;fSf;F jhdhfNt nry;yyhk;. ghu;itaw;wtu;fs; jq;fSila ifapy; xU rpwpa Nyg;lhg; fk;g;A+l;lu; mstpYs;s xU fUtpia vLj;Jr;nrd;whNy NghJk;.

mnkupf;fhitr; Nru;e;j 50 taJila gpiuad; rhu;y;rd;. ,tu; jd;Dila 11 tajpNyNa mtuJ tPl;by; epfo;e;j tpgj;J xd;wpy; ghu;itia gwpnfhLj;jtu;. ghu;itaw;w ,tu; GtpapypUe;J 11 Mapuk; iky;fs; njhiytpy; Rw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; nraw;if Nfhs;fs; kw;Wk; uhlhu;fspd;
GPS (global positioning sysytem) cjtpAld; ,aq;ff; $ba etPd njhopy; El;gf; fUtpapd; cjtpAld; fle;j 10 Mz;Lfshf cyh tUfpwhu;.

,e;j etPdfUtp ,tu; nry;yNtz;ba ,lj;jpd; ngaiu g;iuyp MR`$qPqPf; vOj;Jf;fisf; nfhz;l jl;lr;rpy; ilg; nra;jhNyh my;yJ me;j ,lj;ij nrhd;dhNyh NghJk; ,tu; Fwpg;gpl;l ,lj;jpw;F nry;tjw;F topf;fhl;br; nry;Yk;.



,jpy; Fwpg;gpl;l ,lj;ij cs;slf;fpa tiuglj;jpw;fhd nkd;nghUs;
(Location Map rhg;l;NtH) Vw;wg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; %yk; ilg; nra;ag;gl;lTld; ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;jpypUe;J nry;y Ntz;ba ,lj;jpw;F uhlhu; kw;Wk; nraw;if Nfhs;fspd; cjtpAld; mf;Fwpg;gpl;l ,lj;ij ghu;itaw;wtu;fs; nry;tjw;F topf;fhl;br; nry;Yk;.

,J ghu;itaw;wtu;fs; xU ,lj;jpw;F nry;tjw;F vg;gb nry;y Ntz;Lk; vd;W Qhgfj;jpy; itj;Jf;nfhs;Sk; rpukk; jtpu;f;fg;gLtNjhL Jy;ypakhf me;j ,lj;jpw;F mioj;Jr; nry;fpwJ.

g;iud; fk;g;Al;lu; fy;tp epiyaq;fs;> filfs;> czT tpLjp> gzk; vLf;Fk;
(ATM) nk\pd; kw;Wk; Kf;fpa ,lq;fSf;F nry;tjw;F jd;Dila Njhspy; ,r;rpwpa Nyg;lhg; mstpYs;s etPd fUtpia khl;bf;nfhz;L `hahf fpsk;gp tpLfpwhu;.

'Kd;ngy;yhk; ,JNghd;w ,lq;fSf;F ehd; nrd;wjpy;iy. Mdhy; ,g;nghOJ KbfpwJ" vd;fpwhu; mnkupf;fhtpYs;s krhr;R+]l;by;. ghu;it aw;wtu;fSf;fhf ,aq;Fk; fk;g;Al;lu; epWtdk; xd;wpd; Jizj;jiytuhd ,tu;.

'ehd; ntspapy; nrd;why; vq;F nry;y Ntz;LNkh mjw;fhf njUf;fisAk;> ,lq;fisAk; kdjpy; epWj;jp epidTf;Ff; nfhz;Ltu Ntz;ba mtrpak; ,y;iy. xU ,lj;ij jtw tpl;lhNyh ahuplKk; Nfl;f Ntz;ba mtrpaKk; ,y;iy" vd;fpwhu;.

1970y; uhZt Jiwahy; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l ,e;j
GPS (Global Positioning System)Kiw tpkhdp> fg;gy; Jiw> glF rthup> irf;fps; kw;Wk; thfd Xl;bfs; tiu ,Jtiu cgNahf;fpf;fg;gl;L ,Wjpahf jw;nghOJ fz; ghu;itaw;wtu;fSf;F ,k;Kiw ngupJk; gad;gLfpwJ.

,aq;Fk; tpjk;
,e;jf; fUtp fpl;lj;jl;l 24 nraw;if Nfhs;fspy; tiyaikg;G
(Networking) Vw;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. cgNahfpf;Fk; egu; ve;j ,lj;jpy;> vt;tsT njhiytpy; ,Uf;fpwhu; vd;w mstPLfisf; fz;lwpe;J Fiwe;j fjpu;tPr;Rf;fSld; nfhz;l miytupir %yk; ,f;fUtpia njhlu;G nfhs;fpwJ.

xt;nthU fUtpAk; me;je;j ,lj;jpw;F Vw;w ghJf;fhg;ghd topj;jlq;fs; kw;Wk; tiugl rhg;l;Ntu; Vw;wg;gl;bUf;Fk;. rpy epWtdq;fs; xt;nthU Mz;Lk; ,e;j rhg;l;Ntiu GJg;gpj;Jf;
Update) nfhz;Nl ,Uf;Fk;. ,jpy; cgNahfpg;gtu;fs; jq;fSila tpUg;gj;jpw;Nfw;g ,lq;fis kw;Wk; topj;jlq;fis Nru;j;Jf; nfhs;sKbAk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

g;iuad; gad;gLj;Jk; ,e;jf; fUtpia g;NshuplhtpYs;s
Freedom Scientific of St. Petersburg vd;w epWtdk; cUthf;fpaJ. xt;nthU 10 tpdhbfSf;F xUKiw ,f;fUtp ,tUila epiyia mjhtJ ve;j ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwhu; vd;gij gjpT nra;fpwJ. ,tu; ,f;fUtpia gy ehLfSf;F tpahghu rk;ge;jkhf nry;Yk;NghJ gad;gLj;jpAs;shu;.

ghu;itaw;wtu;fSf;F cjTk; njhopy;El;g fUtpfSf;fhd Jiwiar; Nru;e;j ,af;Fdu; N[h y[;[hNuh $Wifapy;> ',J ghu;itaw;wtu;fs; vijAk; jpwk;gl nra;a toptFf;fpwJ" vd;fpwhu;.

NkYk; ,J thliff; fhu; Xl;Ldu;fSf;Fk; cjTfpwJ. ,jd; %yk; thfd neupry; mjpfKs;s ,lq;fis fz;Lnfhz;L me;j ,lj;jpw;F nry;yhky; khw;W topia cgNahfpj;J thfd neuprypy; rpf;fpf;nfhz;L mtjpg;gLtij jtpu;f;f KbfpwJ. 'ghu;itaw;wtu;fs; xU ,lj;ij flg;gjw;F ePz;l Neuk; MfpwJ. Mdhy; ,f;fUtpapd; cjtpAld; ,ij jtpu;f;f KbfpwJ" vd;fpwhu; N[h.

NkYk; mtu; $Wifapy;> ',J ek;ik Rw;wp vd;d elf;fpwJ vd;gijAk; njupe;Jnfhs;s cjTfpwJ. ,J ghu;itaw;wtu;fs; ahUila cjtpiaAk; ehlhky; Rje;jpukhf gtdp tu NgUjtp GupfpwJ" vd;fpwhu;.

,jDila tpiy ,g;nghOJ mjpfk; vd;gjhy; mnkupf;fhtpy; ,J 5000f;Fk; Fiwthd ghu;itaw;wtu;fNs thq;fpAs;sdu; vd;W tpw;gidahsu;fs; $Wfpd;wdu;. ,jd; xd;wpd; tpiy fpl;lj;jl;l &gha; ,uz;liu yl;rk; tiu MfpwJ.

,J rhjhuz tu;f;fj;jpdUk; thq;Ftjw;F Kl;Lf;fl;ilahf ,jd; tpiy ,g;nghOJ ,Ue;jhYk;> nry;NghdpNyNa ,e;j epwp\p trjpia nfhz;Lte;J Fiwe;j tpiyf;F ,d;Dk; rpy Mz;Lfspy; nfhz;L tUk; Kaw;rpapy; <Lgl;Ls;sdu;.

ghu;itaw;wtu;fSf;fhf g;iuad; elj;Jk; fk;g;Al;lu; gapw;rp gs;spapy; ,f;fUtpia vg;gb cgNahfpf;fyhk; vd;gJ gw;wp gapw;rp mspj;J tUfpd;wdu;.

tpQ;Qhdj;jpd; tsu;r;rpapy; ehsiltpy; ,k;khjpupahd fUtpfs; rhjhuz tu;f;fj;jpdUk; thq;Fk; mstpw;F tUk; ehs; mjpfk; ,Uf;fhJ vd;Nw nrhy;yyhk;. nry;Nghd; kw;Wk; 'rpk;" fhu;Lfs; vg;gb rhjhuz filfspy; ve;NeuKk; vy;NyhuhYk; thq;f KbfpwNjh me;j mstpw;F tUk; vd;gJ epr;rak;.

nry;Nghd; thq;FtJ Nghd;W ,e;jf; fUtpAk; 'rpk;" fhu;L Nghd;W ,e;jf;fUtpf;Fz;lhd tiugl rhg;l;NtUk; kype;J tpLk; mstpw;F tpQ;Qhd tsu;r;rp vspjhfptpLk; vd;gJ cWjp.

(njhlUk;)

vk;.N[.vk;. ,f;ghy;



 

 

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