MJM Iqbal's Articles

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Issue date : 20/05/2006

mwptpay; GJik

  Ke;ija ,jo;fs;  

tpz;ntspia MuhAk; etPd njhiyNehf;fp

 
 
tpz;ntspia MuhAk; etPd njhiyNehf;fp

tpz;zpy; ,Ue;J kpd;rhuk;

nraw;if Nfhs; kw;Wk; uhlhu; cjtpAld;
ghu;itaw;wtu;fSf;F cjTk; etPd fUt
p
vq;Nf epk;kjp...
nrt;tha; fpufj;Jf;Fr; nry;Yk; tpkhdk;

tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh.

CdKw;wtu;fSf;F cjTk; 'nraw;if if"

cyfpNyNa mjp Ntfkhd 'Nuhgl;"

etPd ePr;ry; fUtp

epytpy; NkhJk; tpz;fyk;

xsp ckpOk; glq;fis mr;R nra;Ak; etPd gpupz;lu;

gwf;Fk; fg;gy;

G+kpia Muha kpjf;Fk; Ma;T epiyak;

Gwh tpLk; J}J
njhiy njhlu;G fz;fhzpg;G
gwf;Fk; Fl;b NuhNghl;
G+fk;gj;ij Kd;$l;bNa ....
mjpetPd njhopy; El;gj;jpy; G+fk;g.
ikl;b kT]; NuhNghl;
nraw;if gdpr;rWf;F G+q;fh

%isapy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;Gfisg;gw;wpa Muha;r;rp

,jaNeha; rpfpr;ir
fk;g;A+l;lH fz;fs;

 
fk;g;a+l;lu;iffs;

,ae;jpu NuhNghl; lhq;fp

caukhd fl;blq;fs; fl;Ltjhy; g+fk;gk; Vw;gLfpwjh?

kwjp ,y;yhj kdpjd;
jiyf;Fs; Mzp
tpiuthd Nrhjid
mwptpay; mjprpak; 12
fhe;j %yk; %isapd; cs;fhl;rpfs;
fyf;fy; fz;Lgpbg;Gfs;
kUj;Jtj;jpy; fk;g;a+l;lu;fs;
tpkhdq;fspy; fk;g;a+l;lu;
#g;gu; tpkhdq;fs;
kpd;rhu fk;gpfs;  %yk; ,d;lu;nel;
 fhu; jahupg;gpy; rPdpf;fpoq;F
 vd;Wk; ,sik
cq;fsisr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; fz;fs;
nrd;]hu; cyfk;
mwptpay; mjprpak;;
,dp vy;NyhUNk 'rhk;gpad;"fs; jhd;
n[f[hy [d;dy;fs;
njhiyNgrp %yk; tPl;L epu;thfk;
fk;;a+l;lu; tPLfs;..
kNyrpau;fisf; flj;jpa..
 
,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; 6
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; Njhd;wpa ehLfs;
 
may; fpufthrpfs; vq;fpUe;J tUfpwhu;fs;?
 
mnkupf;fhit fyq;f itj;j..
 
Nghypahd gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk;
 
'GS^j;"  njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
;a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
mjprpak; 17(08/01/05)

mjprpak; 18(15/01/05)

 

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njhiytpy;> ntF J}uj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; nghUl;fis ghu;f;f igdhf;Fyu; kw;Wk; nly];Nfhg;fs; (njhiyNehf;fpfs;) cjTfpd;wd. ,jpy; igdhf;Fyu; %yk; Fwpg;gpl;l njhiytpy; cs;s nghUl;fis kl;Lk; jhd; ghu;f;f KbAk;.
nkfh nly];Nfhg;gpd; rf;jp tha;e;j fz;zhbfs;-
ntF njhiytpy; mjhtJ tpz;ntspapy; cs;s gpw Nfhs;fs;> el;rj;jpu kz;lyq;fs; kw;Wk; ghy;ntsp tPjpapy; cs;s nghUl;fis gw;wp Muha-njupe;J nfhs;s mjpf rf;jp tha;e;j njhiyNehf;fpfs; gad;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpwJ. tpz;ntsp Muha;r;rpf;F gad;gLj;Jk; njhiyNehf;fpfs; ngUk;ghYk; G+kpapy; cs;sd. rpy njhiyNehf;fpfs; kl;Lk; tpz;ntspapy; Rod;wgb Ma;Tg;gzpapy; <Lgl;L tUfpd;wJ. ,jw;F cjhuzk; `g;gps; nly];Nfhg; MFk;.

nly];Nfhg;ig Kjd; Kjypy; fz;Lgpbj;jtu; N[d; ypg;gu;i\.

gy fz;Lgpbg;Gfs; vjpu;ghuhj tpjkhf xU tpgj;J Nghyj;jhd; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gLfpwJ. nly];Nfhg; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;lJk; ,g;gb xU vjpu;ghuhj jUzj;jpy; jhd;.

Mye;J ehl;by; cs;s kpby; gu;f; vd;w efuj;jpy; %f;F fz;zhb jahupf;Fk; njhopy; nra;J te;jtu; N[d; ypg;gu;i\. 1608-k; Mz;L xU ehs;... N[d; jdJ fz;zhb miwapy; mku;e;J fz;zhb jahupf;Fk; Ntiyia nra;J nfhz;L ,Ue;jhu;. mg;NghJ mtuJ Foe;ijfs; tPl;Lf;F ntspNa rpy fz;zhb nyd;Rfis itj;J tpisahbf;nfhz;L ,Ue;jdu;. ,uz;L tpj;jpahrkhd nyd;Rfis mUfUNf itj;J ghu;j;jNghJ ntF njhiytpy; cs;s khjh Nfhtpypd; NfhGuk; njupe;jJ. clNd Foe;ijfs; Xbg;Ngha; ,ij jq;fs; je;ijaplk; njuptpj;jdu;.

N[d; Mr;rupaj;Jld; Foe;ijfs; nrhd;dgb fz;zhb nyd;Rfis itj;Jg;ghu;j;jhu;. Foe;ijfs; nrhy;tJ cz;ik vd;W czu;e;J nfhz;lhu;. ,g;gbj;jhd; Kjd; Kjyhf nly];Nfhg; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;lJ.

nly];Nfhg;gpid mjpf mstpy;> ,d;Dk; nrhy;tnjd;why; Kjypy; gad;gLj;jpatu; fyPypNah jhd;.

1609-k; Mz;L ,tu; nly]; Nfhg;Gfis gad;gLj;jp tpz;ntsp Muha;r;rpapy; <Lgl;lhu;. 1610-k; Mz;L fyPypNah rdp fpufj;jpd; tisaq;fis fz;Lgpbj;jhu;. njhlu;e;J [{gpl;lu; fpufj;jpw;F 4 Kf;fpa Jizf;Nfhs;fs; ,Ug;gijAk; fz;Lgpbj;jhu;.

mjd;gpd;du; ru; Irf; epÔl;ld; njhiyNehf;fpapy; rpy khw;wq;fis nfhz;Lte;jhu;. njhlu;e;J eilngw;w Muha;r;rpfs; %yk; mjp etPd njhiyNehf;fpfs; cUthf;fg;gl;ld.

jw;NghJ cyfpd; kpfg; ngupa nly];Nfhg; mnkupf;fhtpy; cs;s `thap efupy; cs;sJ. ,q;Fs;s kTdh fpah vd;w kiy cr;rpay; ,e;j nly];Nfhg; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; ngau; nff; nly];Nfhg; (
Keck telescope;) ,J ,uz;L nly];Nfhg; ,ize;jjhFk;.

,ijtpl ngupajhf rpypapy; jw;NghJ fl;lg;gl;L tUfpwJ. ,jw;Fk; ngupjhf xU nly];Nfhg; cUthf;f INuhg;gpa tpz;ntsp Ma;T epiyak; jpl;lkpl;Ls;sJ.

`g;gps; nly];Nfhg; -

,Jtiu cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;s nly];Nfhg;Gfspy; mjpf rf;jp tha;e;jJ G+kpapy; ,y;iy. mJ tpz;ntspapy; Rw;wpf;nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwJ. mJ jhd; `g;gps; nly];Nfhg;. G+kpapy; cs;s nly];Nfhg;Gfis tpl mstpy; rpwpajhf ,Ue;jhYk; mit midj;ijAk; tpl mjpf rf;jptha;e;jjhFk;.

jw;NghJs;s nly];Nfhg;ig tpl ngupa nly];Nfhg; xd;W rpyp gFjpapy; cUthf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ. ,J njhlu;ghd jfty;fis ,e;j thuk; fhz;Nghk;.

rpyp ehl;bd; tlf;F gFjpapy; mika ,Uf;Fk; ,e;j nkfh nly];Nfhg; ,J tiu cUthd nly];Nfhg;Gfspy; mjpf rf;jp tha;e;jjhf ,Uf;Fk;. mjhtJ jw;NghJs;s nly];Nfhg;Gfspy; rf;jp tha;e;j `g;gps; nly];Nfhg;ig tpl 10 klq;F Jy;ypakhdjhf ,Uf;Fk;.

cyfpNyNa kpfg;ngupa ,uhl;rj njhiyNehf;fpahd ,J 18 khbf; fl;bl cau mstpy; Mapuk; ld; vilAs;sjhf ,Uf;Fk;. mjdhy; jhd; ,jw;F jp n[ad;l; nkfy;yd; nly];Nfhg; (
gaint magellan telescope;) vd;W ngaupl;Ls;sdu;.

M];jpNuypa Njrpa gy;fiyf; fofk; (
Australian national university) cl;gl 9 Muha;r;rp epWtdq;fs; ,ize;J ,ij tbtikf;fpd;wJ. ,jd; %yk; gpugQ;rk; kw;Wk; fWg;G Jthuj;ijAk; (Black hole) ehk; fhz KbAk;. gpugQ;rj;jpy; R+upa FLk;gj;ijAk; jhz;b ,Jtiu ehk; fhzhj rpy mupa jfty;fisAk;> tptuq;fisAk; ,e;j nkfy;yd; nly];Nfhg; %yk; fhz KbAk;.

,jd; kw;nwhU rpwg;gk;rk; ,jd; %yk; ve;j R+o;epiyapYk; njspthd fhl;rpfis jUk;. mjhtJ Gtp kz;lyj;ijj; jhz;b vj;jidNah Rw;Wg;Gw kw;Wk; thdpiy khw;wq;fs;> tpz;ntsp kw;Wk; Vidaf; Nfhs;fspy; Vw;gLk; Rw;Wg;Gw R+o;epiyfspy; Vw;gLk; khw;wq;fs; ,itfspdhy; ve;j jilNah> ,lu;fNsh Vw;glhJ.

,e;j nkfh nly];Nfhg; 7 ngupa fz;zhbfisf; nfhz;L tbtikf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,jdhy; rhjhuz nly];Nfhg;Gfs; %yk; fhz;gijtpl fWg;G Jthuq;fs; (
black hole) gw;wpa vz;zw;w tpNdhj jfty;fis tpz;ntsp Muha;r;rpahsu;fs; mwpa KbfpwJ.

,jid cUthf;Ftjw;F jpl;lkpl;bUf;Fk; nkhj;j nryT 310 kpy;ypad; gTz;Lfs; MFk;. ,e;jpa &ghapy; ,jd; nkhj;j nryT fpl;lj;jl;l 2>600 NfhbfshFk;. ,Jtiu 9.5 kpy;ypad; gTz;Lfs; (Rkhu; 80 Nfhb &gha;) nryT nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.

7 ngupa fz;zhbfspy; xt;nthd;Wk; 8.4 kPl;lu; tpl;lj;ijf; nfhz;lJ. 20 ld; vilAs;s cUf;fg;gl;l fz;zhbg; nghUl;fshy; cUthf;fg;gl;L rpwe;j njhopy;El;gj;Jld; nkU$l;lg;gl;Ls;sJ.

`Kjy; fz;zhbapd; Nrhjid gytiffspy; elj;jg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. Vndd;why; ,J jw;nghOJ cs;s njhiyNehf;fpfis tpl mjpfj; jpwd; nfhz;ljhf tpsq;f Ntz;Lk;'> vd;W ,jd; Muha;r;rpahsu; lhf;lu; VQ;ry; $Wfpwhu;. midj;J (7) fz;zhbfSk; nghUj;jg;gl;lTld; njhiyNehf;fp ,yf;if ghu;g;gjw;F jFe;j mstpy; 24 kPl;lu; FWf;fstpy; mikAk;.



njhiyNehf;fpapypUe;J tpz;Zf;F nrYj;jg;gLk; Nyru; fjpu;fs; %yk; tpz;zpy; Vw;gLfpw Rw;Wg;Gw R+o;epiyfs; mstPL nra;ag;gLfpwJ. ,jd;%yk; vy;yh tpjkhd ,lu;fSk; mfw;wg;gl;L tpz;zpy; el;rj;jpuq;fis mg;gbNa xspUk; jd;ikNahL fhz KbfpwJ. fzpdp fl;Lg;ghl;Lld; ,aq;ff;$ba ,ae;jpug; nghwpfs; %yk; Vw;gLj;jg;gLk; fjpu;fs; xt;nthU fz;zhbapd; Gwg; gug;igAk; rupnra;J njspthd tpz;ntsp ,yf;fpd; Njhw;wj;ijf; fhz cjTfpwJ. njhiyNehf;fpia nghUj;Jtjpy; kw;nwhU gpur;rpid vd;dntd;why; gyj;jf; fhw;W. fhw;wpdhy; njhiyNehf;fp mjd; epiyapypUe;J khwptplhky; rupahf nghUj;jpapUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

lhf;lu; VQ;ry; $Wifapy;> "fhw;W Nghd;wtw;wpdhy; njhiyNehf;fp mjd; ,yf;fpd; jd;ikapypUe;J khwhky; ,Ug;gjw;F xU mq;Fyj;jpy; yl;rk; msT tiu rupahf nghUj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;'' vd;fpwhu;.

,e;j njhiyNehf;fpapd; fl;Lkhdg; gzpfs; 2015k; Mz;by; epiwT ngWk; vd;W vjpu;ghu;f;fg;gLfpwJ.

,g;nghOJ njhiyNehf;fpapy; gpugQ;rj;ijAk;> tpz;ntspiaAk; fhz;gJ mupjhdhYk; ehsiltpy; ,J ru;t rhjhuzkhfp Rw;Wyhg; gazpfSk; Rw;Wyhj; jyq;fspypUe;Nj gpugQ;rj;ij urpf;Fk; mstpw;F tUk; fhyk; ntF njhiytpy; ,y;iy vd;Nw $wyhk;.

njhlUk;...











 

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