MJM Iqbal's Articles

valoothoor.com

Issue date : 13/11/2004

mwptpay; GJik

         
 

Ke;ija ,jo;fs;

tpkhdq;fspy; fk;g;a+l;lu;
#g;gu; tpkhdq;fs;
kpd;rhu fk;gpfs;  %yk; ,d;lu;nel;
 fhu; jahupg;gpy; rPdpf;fpoq;F
 vd;Wk; ,sik
cq;fsisr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; fz;fs;
nrd;]hu; cyfk;
mwptpay; mjprpak;;
,dp vy;NyhUNk 'rhk;gpad;"fs; jhd;
n[f[hy [d;dy;fs;
njhiyNgrp %yk; tPl;L epu;thfk;
fk;;a+l;lu; tPLfs;..
kNyrpau;fisf; flj;jpa..
 
,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; 6
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; Njhd;wpa ehLfs;
 
may; fpufthrpfs; vq;fpUe;J tUfpwhu;fs;?
 
mnkupf;fhit fyq;f itj;j..
 
Nghypahd gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk;
 
'GS^j;"  njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
;a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
mjprpak; 10(20/11/04)

 

 

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mwptpay; mjprak;

Nehaw;w tho;Nt Fiwtw;w nry;tk;"> vd;ghu;fs;. xU Gwk; mjpetPd kUj;Jt rpfpr;ir Kiwfshy; kdpj MAl;fhyk; ePbj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jhYk; kWGwk; GJg;GJ Neha;fs; kdpj ,dj;ij jhf;fpf;nfhz;L jhd; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,jw;F fhuzq;fs; 1) Rw;Wg;Gw #oy; khw;wq;fs;> 2) czT gof;f tof;fq;fs; Nghd;witkpf Kf;fpakhdjhFk;.

rhjhuzkhf ekf;F cly; eyf;FiwT Vw;gLk; NghJ lhf;luplk; nrd;W rpfpr;ir ngWfpNwhk;. mg;NghJ nfhLf;fg;gLk; Crp> kUe;Jfs;> khj;jpiufs; ekJ clypd; ghjpf;fg;gl;l gFjpfSf;F kl;Lk; nrd;wilfpwjh? vd;why; 'XusT kl;LNk" vd;gJ jhd; gjpyhf fpilf;fpwJ. tPupak; kpf;f kUe;Jfs; rpy Neuq;fspy; gf;f tpisTfisAk; Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd. rpyUf;F Crp> khj;jpiufs; vd;why; Kfk; Rspg;gJz;L. rpyUf;F rpy Crp> kUe;Jfs; 'myu;[p" ahfTk; ,Uf;Fk;.

,Uja Neha;> Gw;WNeha;> euk;gpay; NfhshWfs;....vd;W gytpjkhd Mgj;jhd Neha;fSf;Fk; etPd kUj;Jt Kiwfs; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Crp Nghlhky; khj;jpiu rhg;gplhky; rpfpr;ir ngWk; mjp etPd rpfpr;ir KiwfSk;> kUj;Jt tpQ;Qhdpfshy; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. mit gw;wpa tptuq;fis ,e;j thuk; fhz;Nghk;.

fk;g;a+l;lu; rpg; %yk; mjpetPd rpfpr;irfs;

fk;g;a+l;lu; vd;W nrhy;yf;$ba khaf;fUtp ,y;yhj JiwfNs ,y;iy vd;W nrhy;Yk; msTf;F vy;yh JiwfspYk; fk;g;a+l;lu; gad;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpwJ. kUj;Jt njhopy;El;gj;jpYk;> etPd kUj;Jt rpfpr;irfs; mspg;gjpYk; fk;g;a+l;lu; Kf;fpa gq;F tfpf;fpwJ. jPtpukhd kUj;Jt Muha;r;rpfSf;F gpwF cUthdJ jhd;- 'kUe;Jfs; rhg;gplhky;> Crp Nghlhky; fk;g;a+l;lu; rpg; %yk; ngWk; mjpetPd rpfpr;irfs;".



kUe;Jf; filapy; cs;s Vuhskhd kUe;Jfis ghu;f;Fk; NghJ mNlq;fg;gh ,j;jid kUe;Jfs; ,Uf;fpwjh? vd;W ehk; tpag;gilayhk;. nfhQ;rk; rpe;jpj;J ghu;j;jhy; X! ,j;jid tpahjpfs; kdpjDf;F ,Uf;fpwjh? vd;gJ GupAk;.

gpwe;j cld; Neha;fis jLf;f 'jLg;G+rp". Neha; te;jhy; mjw;F rpfpr;irfs; vd;W xU kdpjd; gpwe;jjpy; ,Ue;J kuzj;ij re;jpf;Fk; tiu kUe;J khj;jpiufis ek;gpNa fhyk; js;s Ntz;bAs;sJ. el;rj;jpu Xl;ly;fspd; me;j];j;Jf;F ,izahf M];gj;jpupfs; 'moF"ld; fhl;rp mspf;fpd;wd.

ve;j xU Neha;f;Fk; Vfg;gl;l kUj;Jt gupNrhjidfs;> '];ng\yp];l;" lhf;lu;fspd; MNyhridfs;.....vd;W kUj;Jtj;jpd; tsu;r;rp gpukpf;f itg;gjhf> mjpf nryT gpbg;gjhf khwptpl;lJ.

Rw;Wg;Gw #oy; ghjpg;G> jtwhd czT gof;f tof;fk;> mjpNtfkhd tho;f;if Kiw> Ntiy tha;g;gpy; fLk; Nghl;b> Nghd;wit fhuzkhf kdpjDf;F Vw;gLk; Neha;fSk; fLikahfpf; nfhz;Nl NghfpwJ. vd;d jhd; kUe;J khj;jpiufs; rhg;gpl;lhYk; Neha;f;fpUkpfs; Kd;idtpl mjpf gyk; ngw;W te;J kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; jhf;Ffpd;wd.

kUe;J jahupf;Fk; epWtdq;fs; kdpjdpd; Nehiaj; jPu;f;Fk; kUe;Jf; fyitfisj; jahupf;f kpFe;j rpukg;gLfpd;wd. jw;NghJ rpfpr;irf;fhf clYf;Fs; nrYj;jg;gLk; kUe;Jfs; XusNt jpwd; tha;e;jjhfTk;> rpy rkaq;fspy; ghjpg;GfisAk; Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd.

,jw;F vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf ePupopT Nehiar; nrhy;yyhk;. ngUk;ghYk; ,e;j Neha; eLj;ju tajpdiu jhf;f Muk;gpj;J Kjpa taJ tiu njhlUfpwJ. ,e;j Neha; te;jtu;fs; njhlu;e;J rhg;gpLk; kUe;J khj;jpiufs; %yk; uj;jf; Foha; Nrjk; milAk; Mgj;Jk; cs;sJ. ,e;j gjpg;G njhlUk;NghJ Nehahspfs; ghu;it ,og;G> Gz; Vw;gl;l fhy; gFjpia ntl;b vLg;gJ Nghd;w Nkhrkhd ghjpg;Gf;fSf;Fk; Mshfpwhu;fs;.

nghJthf> Neha;fSf;fhd rpfpr;ir Kiwfs; kdpj [PNdhk;fspy; ,Ue;J kpf El;gk; ngwg;gl;l jfty;fspd; mbg;gilapy; cUthf;fg;gl;l Gujk; (GNuhl;Bd;) fz;lwpjy; %yk; mikfpwJ. ,e;j Gujq;fis Nehahsp cl;nfhs;Sk; NghJ tapw;wpy; cs;s mkpyq;fshy; ,it fiue;J tpLfpd;wd. (my;yJ Crpapd; %yk;) nrYj;jg;gLk; nghOJ Gujq;fs; uj;jj;jpy; fyf;fpd;wd. ujj;jj;jpy; fyf;Fk; kUe;Jfs; <uy; %yk; tbfl;lgLtjhy; mtw;wpd; jpwd;fs; Fiwfpd;wd.

,e;j gpur;rpidfis Nghf;Ftjw;fhf kUj;Jt Muha;r;rpahsu;fs;> [Pd; Ma;thsu;fs; kpd; nghwpahsu;fs; MfpNahu; xd;W Nru;e;J 'Gjpa kUe;J nrYj;Jif Kiw" (Drug Delivery System) xd;iw fz;Lgpbf;Fk; Muha;r;rpapy; <Lgl;ldu;. ,jd;gb kpd;dZ kw;Wk; gFjp flj;jpfs;  %yk; Gjpa kUj;Jt rpfpr;ir Kiwfis cUthf;fpdhu;fs;.

jw;NghJ ,e;jrpfpr;ir Kiwfs; Muk;g fl;lj;jpy; cs;sdu;. ,e;j Gjpa Kiwapy; jahupf;fg;gLk; kUe;JfSf;F clypd; ve;jg; ghfj;jpw;F nry;y Ntz;Lk;" Nghd;w Ez;zwpT Njitg; gLfpwJ. NkYk; ,e;j El;gkhd gzpia Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F gFjp flj;jpfs; (nrkp fz;lf;lu;fs;) gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd.


,e;j njhopy;El;gj;jpid gad;gLj;jp ,uz;L Gjpa Kiwfspy; Nrhjidfs; eilngw;W tUfpd;wd.

mit 1) 'Ez; rpy;"fis (
Micro chips) clypy; nghUj;jp Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; rpfpr;ir Kiw 2) NeNdh kPl;lu; msT nfhz;l gFjp flj;jpfshy; (Nanometer-Scale beads of Semi-Conductors) Md Crpfs; %yk; mspf;fg;gLk; rpfpr;ir Kiw.

,dp ,e;j kUj;Jt rpfpr;ir Kiwfs; vg;gb nray;gLfpd;wd vd;gij fhz;Nghk;.

ePbj;j Neha;fshy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fs; jpdKk; xd;W my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l kUe;Jfis khjk; my;yJ tUlk; KOtJk; cl;nfhs;Sk; fl;lhaj;Jf;F Ml;gLfpwhu;fs;. cjhuzkhf Kjpu;e;j epiy ePupopT Neha;> ,Uja Neha; Nghd;wit ngUk;ghYk; tajhdtu;fNsNa jhf;FfpwJ. ,JNghd;w ePbj;j Neha;fSf;F ,e;j 'nfl;bf;fhu" kUe;J nrYj;Jif %yk; rpfpr;ir mspf;f Kad;W tUfpwhu;fs;.



Ez;rpy;fis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L rhjdq;fis jahupf;Fk; epWtdq;fs; ,e;j kUj;Jt Kiwf;F 'capupay; Ez; kpd;dZ ve;jpu Kiwia vd;W ngaupl;Ls;sdu;. ,ij RUf;fkhf 'gNah nkk;]; (Bio Mems) vdTk; miof;fpd;wdu;.

,jd; rpwg;gk;rk; vd;dntd;why; kUe;ij epu;tfpg;gJ kl;Lkpd;wp ,jd; 'czup"fs;  %yk; NehahspfSf;F mLj;j 'Nlh];" vg;NghJ nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gijAk; njuptpf;fpwJ.

gNah nkk;]; Kiwfs; jw;NghJ Muha;r;rpf; fl;lj;jpNyNa cs;sd. rpy epWtdq;fs; ,k;Kiwfisf; nfhz;L tsu;r;rpg; gzpfspy; <Lgl;L tUfpd;wd. ngl;Nghu;by; cs;s ikf;Nuh rpg;]; epWtdk; 15 kpy;yp kPl;lu; msNt cs;s rpypf;fhd; Ez;rpy;fis  jahupj;J tUfpd;wd. ,itfs; Ez; njhFr; Rw;W (
Integrated Circuit) jahupf;f gad;gLk; njhopy; El;g Kiwfisf; nfhz;L jahupf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,e;j Ez;rpy;fspy; kUe;J milf;fg;gl;l 100 Ez;zpa Nrkpg;G miwfs; ,Uf;Fk;. xt;nthU miwAk; gpshl;bdk; kw;Wk; ill;lhdpaj;jhy; Md nky;ypa mLf;Ffshy; %lg;gl;L ,Uf;Fk;. mj;Jld; ,it midj;Jk; xU kpd;Rw;W tiyaikg;gpy;  ,izf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk;. ,e;j xt;nthU miwapd; %bf;Fk; jdpj;jdp Kftupfs; nfhLf;fg;gl;L ,Uf;Fk;. mjw;Fupa Kftupapy; 4 Nthy;l; kpd; rf;jp nfhLj;jhy; mjd; mLf;F jpwe;J mjDs; ,Uf;Fk; kUe;J ntspNaWk;. ,jpy; tpNr\k; vd;dntd;why; ,it midj;ijAk; upNkhl; fz;l;Nuhy; %yk; ,af;fyhk;.

ill;lhdpak; miwf;Fs; nghUj;jg;gl;bUf;Fk; ,e;j gNah nkk;]; rhjdk; xU ghf;nfl; fbfhuk; msNt ,Uf;Fk;. ,J xU kpd;fyk; xU fk;gpapy;yh njhiyT ,af;f rpy;  kw;Wk; xU Ez;Kiw topahf;fp (
micro processor) ,itfis nfhz;bUf;Fk;.

,e;j Ez; rpy;ypd; nray;ghl;il mwptjw;fhf ,tw;iw tpyq;FfSf;F nghUj;jp Nrhjidfs; ele;J tUfpwJ. tpyq;Ffspy; KJF gFjpapy; ,e;j rhjdq;fs; nghUj;jg;gLfpd;wd. ,e;j rhjdk; nghUj;jg;gl;l tpyq;Ff;F kUe;J nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;why; ,jd; mUNf nrd;W upNkhl; fz;l;Nuhypy; cs;s gl;lid jl;bdhy; NghJk; kUe;J nrYj;jg;gl;L tpLk;.

kw;nwhU epWtdkhd rpg; Mu; vf;]; (
Chip Rx Inc) gNah nkk;]; Kiwia mbg;gilahf nfhz;L kUe;J nrYj;Jif Kiwia jahupj;J tUfpwJ. jPf;Fr;rp msNt cs;s ,r;rhjdk; clypy; nghUj;jg;gl;L kpd;rhuk; %yk; ,af; fg;gLfpwJ.

mjp etPdkhd ,e;j gNah nkk;]; Kiwia gad;gLj;jp rpfpr;ir mspg;gjpYk; rpy rpf;fy;fs; ,Uf;fj;jhd; nra;fpd;wd.

mjhtJ (1) kdpjdpd; clYf;Fs; nrYj;jg;gLk; ,e;j rhjdk; khjf; fzf;fpy; Mz;Lf; fzf;fpy; Jy;ypakhf kUe;ijr; nrYj;Jk; msT cUthf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.
(2) rpfpr;ir fhyk; Kbe;jJk; my;yJ ,e;j rhjdj;jpy; cs;s kUe;J fhypahdJk; mij vLj;J tpl;L Njitg;gl;lhy; Gjpa rhjdk; nghUj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;.
(3) ,e;j Kiwapy; kw;nwhU rpf;fYk; cs;sJ. mjhtJ clYf;Fs; ve;j xU nghUs; GFe;jhYk; (nghUj;jg;gl;lhYk;) mij clypd; jLg;ghw;wy; rf;jp (
Immune System) vjpu;f;Fk;. jLg;ghw;wy; nry;fs; (nts;is uj;j mZf;fs;) me;j rhjdq;fs; kPJ jhf;Fjy; elj;jp mit rupahf ,aq;f Kbahky; nra;fpd;wd. ,e;j gpur;rpidfis jPu;f;fTk; jw;NghJ jPtpukhf Ma;Tfs; ele;J tUfpwJ.


mLj;j gpur;rpid vd;gJ kUe;J epug;gg;gl;l gNah_nkk;]; rhjdk; nghUj;jg;gl;L Fwpg;gpl;l fhyj;jpw;F kUe;Jf;fs; jPu;e;JtpLk;. kPz;Lk; kUe;ij epug;Gtjw;F mWit rpfpr;ir Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;bapUg;gJ mtrpa khfpwJ. ,g;gpur;rpidia jPu;f;Fk; tpjkhf rpy tpQ;Qhdpfs; kw;nwhU Kiwia tbtikf;Fk; gzpapy; <Lgl;L tUfpwhu;fs;. ,k;Kiwapy; mWit rpfpr;ir Nkw;nfhs;shkNyNa ntspg;Gwj;jpy; ,Ue;J Crpapd; %ykhf Neubahf gNah_nkk;]; rhjdj;jpw;F nrYj;jyhk;. ,e;j Kiwfs; ,Uja Nehahspfspf;F tug;gpurhjkhf mikfpwJ. xU Kiw `hu;l; ml;lhf; te;jtu;fSf;F mLj;j ml;lhf; tUtjw;fhd tha;g;Gfs; mjpfk;. vdNt ,Uja Nehahspfs; ciwf;fl;Ljiy tpyf;Fk; (Clot) kUe;Jfs; epuk;gpa ,r;rhjdj;ij cl;nghUj;jptpl;lhy; Nehahspfs; '`hu;l; ml;lhf;" tUtjw;fhd Kjy; mwpFwpfis czu Muk;gpj;jTld; ,ij ,af;fp Mgj;jpypUe;J jg;gpf;fyhk;. Mdhy; ,Uja NehahspfSf;fhd ,r;rhjdj;ij ,af;f Nehahspfis <LgLj;jhky; Ez;Kiw topahf;fp  %yk; jhdpaq;F Kiwapy; ,af;FtNj rpwg;ghFk;.

cyfk; KOtJk; ,Uja Nehapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;L ,Ujaf; NfhshWf;F Mshdtu;fspd; vz;zpf;if Rkhu; 15 Nfhb Ngu; vd Ma;Tfs; njuptpf;fpd;wd. ,tu;fs; ngUk;ghyhNdhu; 65 tajpy; ,Ue;J mjw;F Nkw;gl;Nlhu; Mthu;fs;. ,tw;wpy; ,we;jtu;fspd; ngUk;ghyhNdhu; rupahd rkaj;jpy; rpfpr;ir vLj;Jf; nfhs;shjtu;fs; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

jw;rkaj;jpy; ,Uja NehahspfSf;fhf Kjw;fl;l Ma;T njhlq;fpapUf;fpwJ. ,e;j Ma;T cs;ehl;lg;glf; $ba mOj;j czupfisg;  nghUj;jp ,Ujak; nraypog;gij jLf;f mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLj;J tUfpwJ. ,e;j mOj;jkhdpfs; fk;gpapy;yh> kpd;fykpy;yh  Kiwapy; ,aq;Fk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. ,e;j jpl;lj;jpd;gb mOj;j czup  rhjdj;ij Nehahspapd; ,lJ ,Uja fPoiwapy; mWit rpfpr;ir %ykhf nghUj;jg;gLfpwJ. ,e;j czupfs; %yk; ngwg;gLk; rkpf;iQfs; %yk; kUe;J nrYj;J Kiwik ,af;fg;gl;L kUe;J ,Ujaj;ij nrd;wile;J Mgj;jpypUe;J fhf;fpwJ. jw;nghOJ gy Ma;thsu;fs; epiwTr; Rw;W njhopy; El;gk; (
Close loop technology)y; mjpf ftdk; nrYj;Jfpwhu;fs;. vg;gbAk; ,d;Dk; 10 tUlq;fSf;Fs;shf ,k;Kiw eilKiwf;F te;JtpLk; vd MtNyhL fhj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs; kUj;Jt cyfpdu;.

Kw;wpYk; NtWgl;l jd;ik nfhz;l Fthz;lk; lhl; Kiwiaf; nfhz;Lk; Gjpa rpfpr;ir Kiwfs; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Fthz;lk; lhl; vd;gJ gbfq;fNs. ,J 2 kw;Wk; 4 miuf; flj;jp fhl;kpak; nrypdha;Lfs; MFk;. capup kUj;Jt Jiwf;F ,e;j Fthz;lk; lhl;fs; kpfTk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jjhf fUjg;gLfpwJ.


mnkupf;fhtpd; ml;yhz;lhtpy; cs;s vNkhup gy;fiyf; fofj;ijr; Nru;e;j capu; kUj;Jt nghwpapay; Jiwapd; tpupTiuahsuhd Ra+kpq; ie vd;gtu; jhd; Fthz;lk; lhl; kUe;J nrYj;Jif Kiwikia Kjypy; gad;gLj;jpdhu;.

khu;gf kw;Wk; Guh];Nll; Gw;W Neha;fSf;fhd kUe;Jfis 'Fthz;lk; lhl"bw;Fs; itj;J Neubahf Gw;W Neha; fl;bfspd; nry;fSf;Nf kUe;Jfis mDg;gpdhu;. ,jdhy; clypd; kw;w ghfq;fSf;F Vw;gLk; ghjpg;Gfs; mwNt jtpu;f;fg;gl;ld. ,e;j jpl;lj;jpd; %yk; kUe;Jfspd; rpfpr;ir jpwd; mjpfg;gLj;jg;gLtNjhL gf;f tpisTfSk; jtpu;f;fg; gl;L tpLk;.

Ra+ kpq; kw;Wk; mtuJ rf Muha;r;rpahsu;fs; Gw;W Neha; nry;fis mWit rpfpr;ir %yk; vypapd; clYf;Fs; itj;jdu;. gpd;du; mjw;fhd rpfpr;ir mspf;f Fthz;lk; lhl; kUe;J nrYj;Jif Kiwia gad;gLj;jpdhu;fs;. ,e;j rpfpr;ir Kiw ntw;wpfukhf nray;gl;lJ. kUe;Jfs; rupahf nray;gl;L Gw;W Neha; nry;fis kl;Lk; jhf;fp mopj;jJ. ,Ug;gpDk; vypf;F gad;gLj;jpaJ Nghy kdpju;fSf;F ,e;j Kiwia gad;gLj;jp rpfpr;ir mspf;Fk; NghJ mjpf gf;f tpisTfs; Vw;gLk; Mgj;Jk; cs;sJ.


mNj Neuj;jpy; ,e;j kUj;Jt Muha;r;rp Kiwfspy; tUq;fhyj;jpy; Kd;Ndw;wk; Vw;gLk; vd;gJ tpQ;Qhdpfspd; ek;gpf;ifahFk;. ,d;Dk; 5 my;yJ 10 Mz;LfSf;Fs; ,Uja Neha; kw;Wk; Gw;W Neha;fSf;F vspa kUj;Jt rpfpr;irfs; te;J tpLk; tha;g;Gfs; gpufhrkhf cs;sd.

(mjprak; njhlUk;)

jfty; njhFg;G:

vk;.N[.vk;.,f;ghy;>

Jgha;.
 
 

 

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