MJM Iqbal's Articles

valoothoor.com
Issue date : 28/8/2004 mwptpay; GJik

Ke;ija ,jo;fs;

njhiyNgrp %yk; tPl;L epu;thfk;
fk;a+l;lu; tPLfs;..
kNyrpau;fisf; flj;jpa..
 
,e;jpahtpy; Njhd;wpa gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; 6
 
gwf;Fk; jl;Lfs; Njhd;wpa ehLfs;
 
may; fpufthrpfs; vq;fpUe;J tUfpwhu;fs;?
 
mnkupf;fhit fyq;f itj;j..
 
Nghypahd gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
gwf;fk; jl;Lfs;
 
rl;ilg; igapy; mYtyfk;
 
'GS^j;"  njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd; njhopy; El;gk;
 
nry;Nghd;fs;
 
kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; NuhNgh
 
Nuhgl;Lfspy; Gj;jprhypj;jdk;
 
tPl;L cgNahf Nuhgl;Lfs;..
Nuhgl;Lfs; tsu;e;j ghij..
 
a+dpNkl;
 
tpz;fyj;jpd; gazk;
 
tpz;ntsp Rw;Wyh
 
gwf;Fk; nuapy; 1 & 2
 
gwf;Fk; igf;Ffs;
 
kpjf;Fk; efuk;;
caukhd fl;blq;fs;
tpz;ntsp kpd;J}f;fp
cyfpd; 8-tJ mjprak;...

mLj;J tUgitfs;
,dp vy;NyhUNk rhk;gpad;fs;jhd;;..(04/9/04)

 

 

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n[f[hy [d;dy;fs;

kpd;rhuk;> rikay; fpah];> ngl;Nuhy;> Bry; Nghd;w vuprf;jp nghUl;fspd; cgNahfk; ehSf;F ehs; mjpfupj;J tUfpwJ. mNj Neuj;jpy; Njitf;F Vw;g cw;gj;jp nra;a Kbahj epiy fhzg;gLfpwJ. ,e;j neUf;fbfisj; jPu;f;f tpQ;QhdpfSk; Muha;r;rpahsu;fSk; etPd njhopy; El;gj;ij gad;gLj;jp Gjpa> Gjpa fUtpfis cUthf;fp tUfpd;wdu;. ,j;jifa etPd njhopy;El;gj;ij gad;gLj;jp cUthd fk;g;a+l;lu; tPLfs; '];khu;l; N`hk;];' vd;W Mq;fpyj;jpy; miof;fg;gLk; ,e;j tPLfs; KOf;f KOf;f fk;g;a+l;lu; fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,aq;Fk; tifapy; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

,e;j tifapy; fk;g;a+l;lu; tPLfspy; gad;gLj;Jk; mjp etPd [d;dy;fs; gw;wpa jfty;fs; ,e;j thu mwptpay; mjprak; gFjpapy; ,lk; ngWfpwJ.

tsu;e;j> kw;Wk; tsUk; ehLfSf;Fs;s ngUk; rthy;fspy; xd;W -''kpd;rhuk; kw;Wk; vup nghUl;fspd; Njit mjpfupj;J tUtJ.""

ty;yuR ehlhd mnkupf;fhtpy; $l kpd; rf;jp> vup rf;jp nghUl;fspd; neUf;fb ehSf;F ehs; mjpfupj;J tUfpwJ. mnkupf;f ehl;bd; vup rf;jp Jiwapd; rhu;gpy; rkPgj;jpy; vLj;j fzf;nfLg;Ggb 'mLj;j 20 Mz;Lfspy; kpd;rhuk;> rikay; fpah];> ngl;Nuhypak; Nghd;wtw;wpd; cgNahfk; fpLfpL vd;W caUk;"" vd;W njupa te;Js;sJ.

mjhtJ mLj;j 20 Mz;by; kpd;rf;jp 45 rjtPjKk; rikay; fpah]; 62 rjtPjKk; fr;rh vz;iz 33 rjtPjKk; $Ljyhf gad;gLj;jg;gLk;. ,e;j fzf;nfLg;G mnkupf;fhTf;F kl;Lkpd;wp kw;w tsu;e;j -tsUk; ehLfSf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;.

mjpfupj;J tUk; ,e;j kpd;rf;jp Njitfis G+u;j;jp nra;tJ vd;gJ muR epu;thfj;Jf;F fbdkhdjhf ,Uf;Fk;. NkYk; tUq;fhyj;jpy; kpd;rhuk;> rikay; fpah]; kw;Wk; ngl;Nuhypa nghUl;fSf;F mjpf tpiy nfhLf;f Ntz;ba epiy Vw;gLk;.

,ijnay;yhk; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L tpQ;QhdpfSk; njhopy; El;g ty;Ydu;fSk; vuprf;jp rpf;fdk; kw;Wk; Gjpa tif vup rf;jp nghUl;fis cw;gj;jp nra;jy; Nghd;wit Fwpj;J Muha;e;J tUfpd;wdu;.

,e;j Muha;r;rpapd; %yk; cUthd Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;G jhd; 'mjp etPd [d;dy;fs;' Mq;fpyj;jpy; ,it ];khu;l; tpz;Nlh]; (
Smart windows) vd miof;fg;gLfpd;wd.

,J VNjh 'ikf;Nuhrhg;l;' epWtdj;jpd; 'tpz;Nlh];" vd epidj;J tpl Ntz;lhk;. ,e;j tif [d;dy;fs; fl;bq; vl;[; nlf;dhy[p (
Cutting Edge Technology) vdg;gLk; mjpetPd njhopy;El;gj;jpy; cUthf;fg;gl;l [d;dy;fs; MFk;.

kpf etPdkhd ,e;j [d;dy; njhopy;El;gj;jpd; %yk; #upa ntspr;rk; [d;dy; topahf miwf;Fs; tUtij jLf;f KbAk;. #upa ntspr;rj;jpd; msit fl;Lg;gLj;j KbAk;. ,j;jifa etPd [d;dy;fs; %yk; ek; tPl;by; #Nlw;Wk; rhjdq;fs; (`Pl;lu;) Fsp&l;Lk; rhjdq;fs; (Vu;fz;b\du;) kw;Wk; kpd; tpsf;Ffs; Nghd;wtw;Wf;F nrytplg;gLk; rf;jpapd; msit Nrkpf;f KbAk;.

Nfhil fhyq;fspy; #upa xspf;fjpu;fspd; CLUtyhy; cq;fs; tPl;by; c\;zk; mjpfupf;Fk;. vdNt Fspu;rhjd fUtp (Vu;fz;b\d;) nghUj;jg;gl;Ls;s tPLfspy; ,e;j ntg;gj;jpd; msit Fiwf;f Fspu;rhjd fUtp $Ljy; rf;jpAld; ,aq;Fk;. Fspu;rhjd fUtpapd; mjpf nray;ghL fhuzkhf kpd;rhu nryTk; mjpfupf;fpwJ. ,NjNghy kpd; tprpwp nghUj;jg;gl;L ,Ue;jhy; mtw;wpd; gad;ghLk; kpd;rhu nryTk; mjpfupf;fpwJ.

Mdhy; mjp etPd [d;dy; (];khu;l; tpz;Nlh];) nghUj;jg;gl;l tPLfspy; mjpf kpd;rhu nryT Vw;gLtjpy;iy. #upa xspf;fjpu;fs; tPl;bDs; GFtij '];khu;l; tpz; Nlh];" jLj;J tpLfpwJ. NkYk; ,it Gw Cjhf;fjpu;fs; tPl;Lf;Fs; Eiotij jLj;J tpLfpwJ. ,jdhy; tPL> mYtyfq;fspy; cl;Gwj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; Rtu;fspd; tz;zg; G+r;R> Nki[> ehw;fhypfs; Nghd;wtw;wpd; MAl;fhyk; ePbf;fpwJ.

etPd [d;dy;fspy; gy tiffs; cs;sd. mtw;wpy; rpy tif gw;wpa jfty;fs; tUkhW:-

njhq;F Jspf;if rhjdk;

rhjhuzkhf xU tPl;by; #upa xsp GfhjthW jpiufs; mikg;gij mwpe;jpUf;fyhk;. Mdhy; ,jd; %yk; xsp CLUtij Kw;wpYk; jLf;f KbahJ. ,jw;fhf xU Gjpa etPd [d;dy;fis Muha;r;rpahsu;fs; tbtikj;Js;sdu;. njhq;F Jspf;if rhjdq;fs; (
Suspended Particle Devices) %yk; ,j;jifa etPd [d;dy;fs; cUthf;fg;gLfpd;wd. ,e;j rhjdk; nehbg;nghOjpy; [d;dy; topahf #upa xspia mDkjpf;Fk; my;yJ jLf;Fk; jpwd; nfhz;lJ.

njhq;F Jspf;if rhjdk; (
Suspended Particle Devices-SPD (v];.gp.b.) %yk; #upaf; $iu (Sun Roof)> gpd; fhl;rp fz;zhb (Rear View)> fk;g;a+l;lu;fSf;fhd jl;il jfLf;fhl;rp jpiu (Flat Panel Display) Nghd;w kw;w rhjdq;fSf;Fk; gad;gLj;jyhk;.

,j;jifa v];.gp.b. njhopy; El;g [d;dy;fs; ,af;f MFk; kpd;rhu nryT kpfTk; FiwNt. mjhtJ ,uT Neuj;jpy; gad;gLj;Jk; '[PNuh thl;" tpsf;fpw;F MFk; kpd;rhu nryit tpl FiwTjhd;. ,d;Dk; nrhy;tnjd;why; mij tpl Fiwthd msT kpd;rhuj;jpy; 15 ngupa '];khu;l; tpz;Nlh];" fis ,af;fyhk;. ,e;j etPd [d;dy;fSf;F v];.gp.b.njhopy;El;gk; kl;Lkpd;wp jputg;gbfk; kw;Wk; kpd; FNuhkpf; KiwfSk; gad;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpd;wd.

jputg;gbf Kiw:

fle;j 50 tUlq;fshf [d;dy;fs; njhopy;El;gj;jpy; ve;jnthU khw;wKk; nra;ag;gltpy;iy. Mdhy; ,d;W v];.gp.b. Nghd;w njhopy; El;gj;jhy; tUk; fhyq;fspy; [d;dy;fspy; njhq;Fk; jpiufs; ,y;yhkNyNa NghFk; mstpw;F njhopy;El;gq;fs; kpf Ntfkhf tsu;r;rpaile;J tUfpd;wd. me;j mstpw;F v];.gp.b. kpf Kf;fpa gq;F tfpf;fpwJ. ,J kl;Lky;y> jputg; gbfk; Nghd;w rpy njhopy; El;gq;fSk; mq;fk; tfpf;fpd;wd. jputg;gbf (
Liqued Crystals) Kiw ehk; md;whlk; cgNahfpf;Fk; gy rhjdq;fspy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpd;wd.

cjhuzkhf fzpdpfs;> fzpg;gp (Calculator)> ,yf;fKiw fbfhuq; fs; (Digital Clocks) kw;Wk; iff; fbfhuk; Nghd;wit.

Ez; miy mLg;Gfspy; (
Microwave Oven) vy;.rp.b. (Liquid Crystal Displays) cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd. ,e;j fhl;rpj; jpiufspy; kpd;rhuk; gha;e;J jputg; gbfk; xspia cl;GFe;J nry;y mDkjpg;gjhy;> glKk; vz;fSk; jpiuapy; Vw;gLfpwJ. ,e;j vy;.rp.b.apy; ,af;fKiw njhopy;El;gj;ijg; NghyNt ,Uf;Fk; gy;gFjp gug;G jputg;gbfk; (Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals PDLCs) jhd; ];khu;l; tpz;Nlh];fSf;F cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ.

,e;j [d;dy;fspy; kpd;D}l;lk; nra;ag;gLk; nghOJ jputg;gbfk; ,izatrkhf (
Parallel) mzp tFf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; ntspg;Gw xsp cl;GFe;J nry;fpwJ. kpd;D}l;lk; ,y;yhj nghOJ ,j;jputk; jw; Nghf;F topapy; (Random) gutyhf ,Ug;gjhy; xsp GFtijj; jLf;fpwJ.

xspkakhd vjpu;fhyk;:

kpd; FNuhkpf; [d;dy;fspy; kpd; mOj;jk; (
Voltage) mspf;Fk; nghOJ ,UshfTk;> kpd; mOj;jk; kpd;dpwf;fk; MdTld; xsp CLUTk; tpjkhfTk; mikfpwJ. v];.gp.b. (Suspended Particle Devices) NghyNt ,e;j kpd;FNuhkpf; KiwapYk; xsp msit ekf;F Njit ahdthW khw;wpf; nfhs;syhk;.

kpd;FNuhkpf; [d;dy;fs; kpd; FNuhkpf; jd;ikAs;s nghUl;fis nfhz;bUf;Fk;. kpd;rhuk; gha;e;jTld; epwk; khWk; jd;ik nfhz;lJ. ,e;j kpd; FNuhkpf; nghUl;fs; ,e;j epwk; khWk; jd;ik> kpd;rhuk; ,g;nghUl;fspy; gha;e;J Vw;gLj;Jk; Ntjptpidapd; fhuzkhf Vw;gLfpwJ. ,e;j Ntjptpid ,g; nghUl;fspd; jd;ikia khw;WfpwJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf ,g;nghUl;fs; xspia cs;thq;fpAk;> gpujpgypf;fTk; nra;fpwJ. NkYk; rpy kpd;FNuhkpf; nghUl;fs; gytpj epwq;fisf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. kpd; FNuhkpf; [d;dy;fs; epwk; nfhz;ljhfTk; (mNj Neuj;jpy; xspiag; gpujpgypf;Fk;) xspGFk; jd;ik nfhz;ljhfTk; (xspia gpujpgypf;fhJ) vd ,U epiyfisf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.

mbg;gil Kiwapy; kpd; FNuhkpf; [d;dy;fs; mikf;f kpd;FNuhkpf; nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; xU kpd;Kid (Eletrode) mikg;G Njitg;gLfpwJ. ,it jd; Ntjpepiyia epw Ks;sjhf (Coloured)Ue;J xspg;Gff; $bajhfTk; (Transplant) gpd; Muk;g epiyf;Fk; khWfpwJ. ,ij tbtikf;f eilKiwapy; gy Kiwikfs; cs;sJ.

kw;w '];khu;l; tpz;Nlh];fis'g; NghyNt kpd;FNuhkpf; KiwapYk; ,uz;L fz;zhbj; jfLfSf;fpilNa kpd;FNuhkpf; nghUl;fs; itf;fg;gLfpd;wd.

vd;d thrfu;fNs! '];khu;l; N'hk;' gw;wp njupe;J nfhz;lhfp tpl;ljh? ];khu;l; N'hk; mikf;Fk; MtYk; cq;fSf;F Vw;gl;bUf;Fk;.

xt;nthU tPl;bYk; njhiyNgrp> njhiyf;fhl;rp> ,d;lu;nel;> Fspu; rhjd ngl;b vd xU fhyj;jpy; Mlk;gukhf fUjg;gl;l nghUl;fs; vy;yhk; ,g;NghJ mj;jpahtrpaj; Njitfshfp tpl;ld. Vd; nry; Nghd;fSk; kype;J tpl;ld.

,it midj;ijAk; ehk; jdpj;jdp cgfuzq;fshfj;jhd; gad;gLj;JfpNwhk;.

'];khu;l; N`hk" vd;gJ ,e;j jdpj; jdp rhjdq;fisAk; NkYk; rpy rhjdq;fisf; nfhz;L xUq;fpizg;gNj. ,ij nry;te;ju;fs; kl;Lkpd;wp midj;J jug;G kf;fSk; gad;gLj;Jk; fhyk; ntF J}uj;jpy; ,y;iy.
 

jfty; njhFg;G:
vk;.N[.vk;.,f;ghy;>
Jgha;
 

njhopy; El;gq;fs;
 



mjp etPd [d;dy;fs; (];khu;l; tpz;Nlh];) mikg;gjw;F gy njhopy; El;gq;fs; gad;gLj;jg; gLfpd;wd. mit tUkhW:-

1. ntg;gj; njhlu;G mwpAk; Kiw (
Theromotropics)

2. xsp FNuhkpf; Kiw
(Photo Chromics)

3. jput gbf Kiw
(Liquid Crystals)

4. njhq;F jpiu fhl;rp Kiw
(Suspended Particle Displays)

5. kpd; FNuhkpf; Kiw
(Electro Chromic)

6. vjpu; xsp i`l;iuL Kiw
(Reflective Hydrides)
 

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