PEACE - PRIME OBJECTIVE OF ISLAM
MJ Mohammed Iqbal
Islam is code of Conduct & Morals to lead peaceful life and Holy Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) who is the last Prophet, and seal of the prophet hood who approved all the Prophets came before him at different parts of the world, for different society and culture to teach the truth, peace, etc. and his mission is universal and not only for particular country or group and it was international / universal and he made Islam as the religion of human and international law of the universe. The Holy Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) lays down wonderful Code of peace among people.
The Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) said, “Do you love your creator i.e Almighty?”. Love your fellow beings first. Further Holy Prophet emphasized that the person who eats his food and leave his neighbour hungry is not belonging to Islam and no man is true believer unless he desires for his brother that which he desires for himself.
From the above it is very much well known that the greatest and foremost principle that was taught by Holy Prophet (PBUH) was kindness & peace and the peace was the Key note of Islam from beginning to end.
The Holy Quran declares as follows
“And if two parties of believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them. And if one part of them doth wrong to the other, fight ye that which doth wrong till it return unto the ordinance of Allah; then, if it return, make peace between them justly, and act equitably. Lo! Allah loveth the equitable”. [49:9]
Holy Prophet (PBUH) guided how peace can be brought among the existing religious faith of the world by declaring not to abuse those whom they take up, as gods besides Allah.
Also going through the life of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), one can understood how he suffered immensely while propagating peace, truth, equating all men as same and oneness of God etc., and he withstood all the troubles with patience. He never intended to have any type of war with anybody but war was imposed on Holy Prophet to safeguard his group, and to protect and establish his mission of the peace. Still Prophet (PBUH) is the last man to go for fight that was only for self defense. In the war also, his instructions was not to attack first, but as a counter challenge attack from enemies.
Whenever, there was any offer of peace, and cessation of Hostility, Holy Prophet immediately put down the Arms with his followers, as instructed by Holy Quran,
“And if they incline to peace, incline thou also to it, and trust in Allah. Lo! He is the Hearer, the Knower'’[8:61]
“And Allah summoneth to the abode of Peace, and leadeth whom He will to a straight path”. [10:25]
The Holy Quran condemns disturbance of peace vehemently. The following verses are the some of the examples and instructed not to promote the disorder and peace of the earth.
“Work not confusion in the earth after the fair ordering (thereof), and call on Him in fear and hope. Lo! the mercy of Allah is nigh unto the good.” [7:56]
“O my people! Give full measure and full weight in justice, and wrong not people in respect of their goods. And do not evil in the earth, causing corruption”. [11:85]
“… Serve Allah, and look forward to the Last Day, and do not evil, making mischief in the earth”. [29:36]
“…They seek to create disorder, the Almighty loves,not those who create disorder”. [5:64]
“But seek the abode of the Hereafter in that which Allah hath given thee and neglect not thy portion of the world, and be thou kind even as Allah hath been kind to thee, and seek not corruption in the earth; lo! Allah loveth not corrupters”. [28:77]
The Holy Quran and Holy Prophet (PBUH) clearly proclaims that disturbance is severer than murder.
“… for persecution is worse than slaughter. And fight not with them at the Inviolable Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but if they attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of disbelievers”. [2:191]
and it further commands it believers work for peace.
“O ye who believe! Come, all of you, into submission (unto Hm); and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! he is an open enemy for you”. [2:208]
The above are some of the verses which should be looked upon more deeply by those who are thinking Islam encourages extremisms. Nowadays in some part of world the extremists the name of Muslims pride themselves in their adherence to Islam. But, in fact they are bane of Islam. It is they who give Islam a bad image who prevent the world from understanding the true teachings of Islam, who repel would be followers and in deed it is they who exasperate and drive other Muslims to forsake the faith and succumb to the blandishments of materialism and ungodly ideologies. Once Holy Prophet (PBUH) was able to spread Islam on the basis of peace and the humanity before 1500 years. During that time no media and Information Technology equipments.
Jaber, a companion of Holy Prophet said: Two lads fought each other: one from the Muhajirin (emigrants) and the other from the Ansar (helpers). The Muhajer called his fellow muhajirin and the Ansar called the Ansari. The Messenger of Allah came out and said: What is this? The proclamation of the days of ignorance period? They said: No! Messenger of Allah (there is nothing serious) but two lads fought, so one struck the back of the other. Holy Prophet said: Well, a person should help his brother whether he is an oppressor or an oppressed. If he is the oppressor he should prevent him from doing it, for he is a support (for him) and if he is oppressed let him defend him.
Abu Huraira a companion of Holy Prophet said that The Messenger of Allah Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: The believer, to the (other) believer, is like a structure, bind to each other.
One of the companions of Holy Prophet Iyad Al-Moujashi told that the authority of Iyad Al-Moujashii who said: One day The Messenger of Allah preached that: "Everybody to be humble, and no one boosts on any other, and no one maltreats one another. Holy Prophet hates the people who makes mental disturbances among people by double face and he prohibits the same.
Holy Quran and teachings of Holy Prophet towards other religions are friendly and Muslims are directed not use any home language against the idols of Non-believers and hence Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is considered as greatest peace makes of other peoples and other religious too.
Diwan Chand Sharma, Indian Hindu Scholar said that "Muhammad was the soul of kindness and peace, and his influence was felt and never forgotten by those around him." And any neutral person , who is going through the teachings of Holy Quran and Holy Prophet (PBUH) can easily understand that Islam strongly warns on disturbance and destruction and wants everyone to live in peace & calm in all aspects for all time