bKjy; gf;fk;O

 

   tOj;JhH.fhk;

ez;gUf;F mDg;g

fl;Liu Kfg;G

    J}ufpof;fpy; gdpg;Nghu;

ngh.yhru]; rhk;uh[;

Courtesy: Dinamani-23/10/06

mf;Nlhgu; 9-y; mZ MAj Nrhjid elj;jpajd; %yk; 2.3 Nfhb kf;fisf; nfhz;l fk;A+dpr tlnfhupah mZ MAjq;fisAila vl;lhtJ ehlhfj; jd;idg; gpufldg;gLj;jpaJ. tlnfhupahtpd; ,k;KbT J}u fpof;fpy; Gjpa gdpg;Nghiu> Fwpg;ghf [g;ghd; - rPdhtpilNa Vw;gLj;Jkhjyhy; mnkupf;fhtpd; jiyaPLk; mg;gFjpapy; mjpfkhFk; tha;g;igAk; Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. ,jdhy; rPdhTf;F kpfg; ngupa neUf;fbfs; Vw;gLk; R+o;epiyAk; cUthfpAs;sJ.

2003-y; mZ MAjg; guty; jil xg;ge;jj;ij tpl;L tlnfhupah tpyfpajhy; ,r;Nrhjid %yk; ve;j gd;dhl;L tpjpfisNah> xg;ge;jq;fisNah mJ kPwtpy;iy vd;gJ xU thjk;. MapDk;> ,r;Nrhjid cyf mikjpf;F kpfg; ngupa rthiy Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ.

,uz;lhk; cyfg; NghUf;Fg; gpwF> gdpg;Nghupd; Muk;gf; fl;lj;jpy;> I.eh.Tf;Fk; cyf rkhjhdj;Jf;Fk; kpfg; ngupa rthiy Vw;gLj;jpa Kjy; Mrpag; gpur;rpid nfhupag; Nghu;jhd;. [g;ghdpd; fhydpahf ,Ue;j nfhupahtpd; tlgFjpia rPd MjuT fk;A+dpr ru;thjpfhuKk; njd; gFjpia mnkupf;f MjuT Kjyhspj;Jt ru;thjpfhuKk; Mjpf;fk; nrYj;jpd. 1950-y; njd;nfhupahit jd; uhZt gyj;jpd; %yk; Mf;fpukpj;J ,izf;f tlnfhupah Nkw;nfhz;l Kaw;rp ngUk; Nghuhf khwpaJ.

Nrhtpaj; A+dpad; I.eh.it gfp\;fupj;jij tha;g;ghfg; gad;gLj;jpa mnkupf;fh> I.eh. nfhbapd; fPo; gd;dhl;Lg; gil vd;w Nghu;itapy; jd;gilfis nfhupaj; jPgfw;gj;jpw;F mDg;gpaJ. nfhupag; Nghu; 1953-y; KbTf;F te;jhYk; mg; Nghu; epWj;jk; ,d;Wtiu Kiwg;gb mwptpf;fg;gltpy;iy vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. njd;nfhupahitg; ghJfhg;gjw;fhf> jw;NghJk; 29>500 mnkupf;fu;fs; etPd MAjq;fSld; 6 yl;rj;J 50Mapuk; njd;nfhupa tPuu;fNshL vy;iyiaf; fhf;fpd;wdu;. 12 yl;rk; Nghu; tPuu;fisf; nfhz;l tlnfhupahtpdhy; vg;NghJk; Mgj;J tuyhk; vd;w mr;rk; njd;nfhupahtpy; epyTfpwJ. vd;whYk; mnkupf;f cjtpAld; njd; nfhupah mjpNtfkhfg; nghUshjhuj;jpy; Kd;Ndwp tUfpwJ.

gdpg;NghUf;F gpd;Gk; tlnfhupahTf;Fj; jhuhs cjtpfis rPdhTk;> u\pahTk; nra;J te;jd. vd;whYk; tlnfhupah gy gpur;rpidfisr; re;jpj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpwJ. 1994-y; kl;Lk; 20 yl;rk; tlnfhupau;fs; gl;bdpahy; khz;ljhfj; jfty;fs; $wpd. ,jdhy; [g;ghdplkpUe;J czitg; ngw> kpf Mgj;jhd fjpupaf;fq;fis Vw;gLj;Jk; ANudpaf; fopTfis jd; ehl;by; Vw;Wf; nfhz;lJ tlnfhupah. Nrhtpaj; A+dpadpd; tPo;r;rp> rPdh - u\pahtpd; nfhs;if khw;wk; Mfpait tlnfhupa epu;thfj;jpw;Fg; ghJfhg;gpd;ikia Vw;gLj;jpd.

,jdhy; 1998-y; ghfp];jhDld; VTfiz kw;Wk; mZ Ma;Tj; jpl;lq;fSf;fhd xg;ge;jk; nra;Jf; nfhz;lJ tlnfhupah. Mg;fhd;> ,uhf; Nghu;fSk;> jdf;F gpbf;fhj Ml;rpahsu;fis khw;wNtz;Lnkd;w G\;\pd; nfhs;iffSk;
(regime change;) tlnfhupah> ,uhf;> <uhd; ehLfis rhj;jhdpd; $l;lhspfs; vd;W 2003 [dtupapy; G\; mwptpj;jJk; jk; ehl;il VTfizfSk; mZ MAjKNk ghJfhf;Fk; vd;W fpk; [hq; epu;thfj;ijj; jPu;khdpf;f itj;jd. ,ijaLj;J mj; jpl;lq;fis epiwNtw;wj; jPtpukhdJ tlnfhupah.

tlnfhupahtpd;> mZ MAj Kaw;rpiaf; iftpl elj;jg;gl;l MW ehLfspd; (,U nfhupah> [g;ghd;> rPdh> u\pah> mnkupf;fh) Ngr;Rthu;j;ijapd;NghJ> nghUshjhu cjtp> ghJfhg;G> Ml;rp khw;wkpd;ikf;F cj;juthjk; nfhLj;jhy;> mZ MAjj; jpl;lj;ijf; iftplj; jahuhf ,Ug;gjhf 2005 nrg;lk;gupy; tlnfhupah mwptpj;jJ. Mdhy; mnkupf;fhtpd; jd;dpr;irahd epjpj; jilfs;> nfhupa vy;iyapy; elj;jpa Mj;jpu%l;Lk; uhZt gapw;rpfs; tlnfhupahit nghWik ,of;fr; nra;jd. "nfhupa' jPgfw;gj;ij tpl;L mnkupf;fg; gilfs; ntspNawpdhy;jhd; mZ MAjj; jpl;lj;ij iftpl KbAk; vd;W mwptpj;jNjhL NrhjidiaAk; mJ elj;jp tpl;lJ.

MapDk;> tlnfhupahtpd; jd;dpr;irahd KbT vy;yh tifapYk; rPdhTf;Fg; ghjfkhfNt mika tha;g;gpUf;fpwJ. I.eh. %yk; nghUshjhuj; jilia rPdhtpd; cjtpapy;yhky; eilKiwgLj;j ,ayhJ. 1416 fp.kP. rPd - tlnfhupa vy;iy topahfj;jhd; ngUk;ghyhd tpahghuq;fs; ele;J tUfpd;wd. jw;NghJ 70% vuprf;jp kw;Wk; czTg; nghUs;fis rPdhjhd; tlnfhupahTf;Ff;f nfhLj;J tUfpwJ. nghUshjhuj; jilia rPdh eilKiwg;gLj;jpdhy; fpk; [hq; Ml;rp ftpo tha;g;gpUf;fpwJ. tlnfhupa Ml;rp ftpo;e;J ,U nfhupahTk; ,ize;jhy;> xd;Wgl;l nfhupahtpd; mDkjpNahL mnkupf;fg; gilfs; rPdhtpd; vy;iyapy; epiyf;nfhs;Sk;.

,J rPdhitr; Rw;wp tisf;Fk; mnkupf;f Kaw;rpf;F cjtpajhfptpLk;. mnkupf;fhTf;F neUf;fkhd> xd;Wg;gl;l nfhupah> J}ufpof;fpy; mZ MAjj;Jld; mnkupf;fhTf;F cjTk; ,];Nuyhfr; nray;gLk; vd;gjpy; re;Njfkpy;iy. ,e;j epiy Vw;gl;lhy; Gjpa gjw;wk; me;jg; gpuhe;jpaj;jpy; Vw;gLk;. ,jw;fpilapy; jd; murpay; rl;lj;jpd;gb mZ MAjj;Jf;F Ra jiltpjpj;jpUf;Fk; [g;ghdpy; Gjpa tpthjk; njhlq;fptpl;lJ. khwptUk; R+o;epiyf;Nfw;g nghUshjhu - njhopy;El;g typik ngw;w [g;ghd;> Gjpa uhZt rf;jpahf cUntLf;Fk; tha;g;Gs;sJ.

rPdhitr; Rw;wp tisf;f [g;ghidAk; mnkupf;fh gad;gLj;jyhk;. ,J ijthd;> jpngj; gpur;rpidfspy; rPdhtpd; nfhs;iff;F kpfg; ngupa gpd;dilit Vw;gLj;Jk;. Vw;nfdNt rPdhtpd; cs;ehl;Lg; gpur;rpid ehSf;F ehs; mjpfupj;J tUfpwJ. fle;j Mz;L kl;Lk; 85 Mapuk; Nghuhl;lq;fs; rPdhtpd; gy;NtW gFjpfspy; ele;Js;sd vd;gij muNr mjpfhuG+u;tkhf xg;Gf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. cz;ik epytuk; kpfTk; Nkhrkhf ,Uf;fyhk;. ,J vjpu;fhyj;jpy; kpfg; ngupa vjpu;tpisTfis rPdhtpy; Vw;gLj;jyhk;.

NkYk; mikjp Kaw;rpfs; ntw;wp ngw;whYk;> tlnfhupahtpy; epu;thf khw;wk; Vw;gl;L ,U nfhupahf;fSk; ,ize;jhYk;> [g;ghd; ,dp jd; uhZt gyj;ij Nkk;gLj;Jk; ghijapy; nry;yyhk;. nfhupah - [g;ghd; - rPdhtpilNa vjpu;fhyj;jpy; Gjpa gdpg;Nghu; njhlq;fyhk;. ,e;j neUf;fbahd fl;lj;jpYk;> mZ MAj ty;yuRfs; mZ MAjj;ij xopf;Fk; Kaw;rpiaj; njhlq;Fk; tha;g;ghf ,ijf; fUjpr; nray;gl;lhy; epr;rak; ey;y gyd; fpilf;Fk;.

mZ MAjg; guty; jil xg;ge;jk; (
NPT) vd;gJ mZ MAjkpy;yhj ehLfis kl;Lk; epuhAjghzpfshf;Fk; Nehf;fj;NjhL xU jiyg;gl;rkhf> mZ MAj ehLfspd; eyid ikakhff; nfhz;L cUthf;fg;gl;l gd;dhl;L xg;ge;jk;. vdNtjhd; ,jpy; ,e;jpah ifnaOj;jpltpy;iy. NkYk; rlg-apd; Kf;fpakhd \uj;Jf;fspy; xd;whd> 'gbg;gbahf xl;L nkhj;jkhd mZ MAj xopg;G" vd;gij mZ MAj ty;yuRfs; njhlu;e;J cjhrPdg;gLj;jp te;jd. vdNt rlg apd; nray;ghl;il kWguprPyid nra;tNjhL> vjpu;fhyr; rKjhaj;ij mZ MAjg; NguoptpypUe;J fhf;f> mZ MAj xopg;G eltbf;iffis KO kdj;NjhL Nkw;nfhs;s Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;. Jzpr;rYld; ,Uf;Fk; xU ehL mZ MAjk; ngWtijg; nghUshjhuj; jilfs;> njhopy;El;g kWg;G> uh[je;jpu kpul;ly;> gd;dhl;L xg;ge;jq;fs; Nghd;wtw;why; jLf;f ,ayhJ vd;gjw;F tlnfhupah Gjpa cjhuzk;. Njit cyfshtpa ghu;itAld;$ba mZ MAj xopg;G! Mdhy; ,J ,g;Nghijf;F xU gfy; fdT!